How to dilute sheep at home for beginners: features and subtleties, conditions of detention and care, photo

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Shepherdie - a fairly favorable sector of animal farm . These workflows differ endurance, unpretentious in care, and also demonstrate high performance indicators even with scarce feeding. And in order to properly organize a private farm, it is necessary to study in detail the characteristics of the animals themselves and the features of their content.

Shepherdie - a fairly favorable sector of animal farm . These workflows differ endurance, unpretentious in care, and also demonstrate high performance indicators even with scarce feeding. And in order to properly organize a private farm, it is necessary to study in detail the characteristics of the animals themselves and the features of their content.

Selection of breed for beginner sheep

Sheep breeding should be started from breed selection. With respect to the direction of productivity, there is a staff, meat-intestine and meat-and-milk-milk, by type of rune - fine-mounted, half-rigid, coarse and semi -rugated. All these criteria must be considered by selecting animals for breeding.

Breed sheep

Newcomers better stop their choice on one of the following breeds:

Did you know? The sheep has a rectangular pupil. The same structure has an octopus pupil.

Romanovskaya

The main characteristics of the Romanov breed of sheep:

Direction Meat maker dairy
Appearance skull lung; Profile barbar; standing, movable ears; hooves strong, legs are smooth; There are no fat deposits on the body; The tail is short, up to 10 cm; Constitution is tight-rude; gray-blue wool color; All individuals Comolete (ruffes).
Weight, kg)
female 50-55
male 60-80
young 2-4
Performance
Wool (kg) 1.5-3.
milk (l) 30-50
Meat (slaughter output,%) fifty
Fruitness of the Motobe (%) 130.
Growth for the month (kg) 6-7
Dignity Comfort rate; High performance in all directions; Spearness; good adaptation abilities.
disadvantages Puggy, especially with prolonged pasture content.

Romanovskaya breed sheep

Kuibyshevskaya

The main characteristics of the Kuibyshev breed of sheep:

Direction Meat maker
Appearance The head is wide; the constitution is powerful; legs are smooth, strong; hooves are strong; wool color silver-gray or sandy-brown, all the individuals are comolets.
Weight, kg)
female 46-60
male 70-95
young 3-5.5
Performance
Wool (kg) 8-10
milk (l) 20-30
Meat (slaughter output,%) 60.
Fruitness of the Motobe (%) 130.
Growth for a month (kg) 6-8
Dignity Comfort rate; Spearness; High Performance; Excellent Wool Quality; Marble Meat.
disadvantages Wasters of woolen cover thickness in non-tribal individuals; not suitable for breeding on low-productive pastures and in a dry climate.

Kuibyshev breed sheep

Karakulskaya

The main characteristics of the Karakul breed of sheep:

Direction Meat maker dairy
Appearance Profile barrel; medium-sized head, elongated; males have large, twisted horns, in females they are slightly smaller; the legs are thin, strong; the constitution is neat.
Weight, kg)
female 40-50
male 60-70
young 3-5.5
Performance
Wool (kg) 2.6-3.
milk (l) 30-50
Meat (slaughter output,%) 47-56
Fruitness of the Motobe (%) 120-130.
Growth for the month (kg) 6.5-7.5
Dignity High performance; High Performance; High Immunity Indicators; Good Adaptibility to Cold Climate; Unpretentiousness in Care; breed purebredness.
disadvantages Hard climate is poorly transferred.

Karakul Breed Sheep

Building a shed (Cashers)

Throughout the warm season, as soon as fresh green grass appears, sheep contains on a free grazing. But for the winter, even the most hardy breeds need to build a housing, or adapt to it already existing utility room.

Requirements for shepherd (Cassere):

  1. Good light.
  2. The floor is above the ground level at an altitude of 20-30 cm.
  3. The organization of the stock system for removing the products of the life of sheep from the room.
  4. The flooring should be covered with a litter (hay, straw).
  5. From the floor to the bottom frame of the window, you need to withstand the height of 1.2 m.
  6. The presence of a thermometer is to control the temperature regime in winter and during the period of the kum.
  7. The area should be separated on the compartments for the content of the module, lambs, rams.
  8. The presence of feeders, drinkers.
  9. The possibility of heating the room.
  10. The presence of an elementary ventilation system.

Sheepskin for sheep

Calculation of the area depending on the desired livestock

The first step in the construction of shepherdies is the calculation of the area of ​​the room. In accordance with the sanitary standards, 1,5 m² should have to one adulth, for lambs with lambs - 3 m².

Equipment of the room

All shepherds are divided into zones with a shield of 1.2 m height, consisting of boards, between which there should be 15 cm.

The width of drinking and feeders is calculated depending on the number of animals. These devices must have a height of 30-40 cm, the length of the calculation of 20 cm per person.

Sanitary condition of the room

In order for domestic cattle, sanitary standards should be observed in shepherds:

  • Changing the litter as dirty, approximately 1 time per week (maybe more often);
  • washing cream and feeders gentle detergents, every 3-5 days;
  • Disinfection of premises when translating animals on a free walking (spring) and before launching in a stall (autumn), it assumes a complete removal of the floor litter, washing the floor and walls with chlorine, the processing of the entire room with copper vigorous 5% concentration, ventilation over the week.

Video: Shepherding device

Acquisition of sheep

An important step is the acquisition of animals. Buying is better to implement in specialized farms. The value of the sheep is based on 2 main provisions:

  • health status;
  • age.

Young healthy sheep will give a lot more lambs. The purchase of one-year-old females (not giving birth) and 3-4-month lambs should be carried out in May-June, older modules (already giving birth) and 8-10-month lambs - in September-October.

Important! After buying females, you need to bring home as quickly as possible to give them to get used to the new setting before the start of the breeding lambs. The percentage of fertility directly depends on the time given to the animal on adaptation - than it is more, the higher the performance of the females.

Adult sheep and rams

If you plan to increase the livestock of animals as soon as possible, you need to purchase several females of 2-3 years and one male. The first thing you need to evaluate is the appearance of animals. They must be active, not exhausted. Weighted indicators correspond to the descriptions of a particular breed.

Patient SheepWoolen cover is exactly distributed throughout the body, and not a scan of communes in some sections.

The females must be checked . For this, the sheep opens the mouth and first conduct a visual inspection - the front teeth must be smooth and white. Then they need to try to shake. If the teeth are staggering, it means that the sheep is already about 7 years old, and it is not worth buying it, since it will be able to bring offspring only about 3-4 times. In addition, the old individuals require more feed, which is not profitable for farmer.

Special attention must be paid to the state of the hooves. They must be not damaged, hard. The health and performance of future offspring will be directly dependent on the lap of the seedlor. The male, followed by the correct care, can fertilize 40 females. Criteria for the choice of healthy sheep

Baran when purchased is estimated according to the following parameters:

  1. Teeth - Thoroughly inspect the cutters and indigenous. You should not buy animals with an incorrect bite (snack or subframe).
  2. Eyes - Clear, do not disappear, there are no signs of zaksania.
  3. Head, Neck, Shoulder joints - In these areas there should be no signs of struggle (the rams are often fighting among themselves, competing for the module). The neck is thick, smoothly turning into the shoulders. The skull of the correct shape, typical of a particular breed.
  4. Constitution - Powerful, legs straight, strong, chest rounded without scratches, abrasion, sites on which there is no wool. The wool is clean, in the back it is not smeared by the wheel masses.
  5. Legs and hooves - To inspect the presence of uncoat rot, burns, and also assess the mobility of the joints. Stopping a leg more or less sheer. The limbs should be placed quite wide, and there is no rapprochement in the knees. Hooves solid, with well-developed canopy bones.
  6. Sender organs - Inspect and feel the appendage (adjoins the rear edge of the testicles). It must be elastic, medium sized, without solid inclusions. Tsemenniki (testicles) also need to come true. In a healthy male, they are solid, each easily moves in the cavity of the scrotum, which should be clean, heavy and soft to the touch.
  7. The inner surface of Berud. - Pink color, smooth.
  8. Penis and extreme flesh - Check for signs of injuries and infections.
  9. Rog - Widely planted, thick, long, spiral spirals, with a pronounced surface relief.

Important! The beginners are not recommended to choose females and rams independently, since to evaluate their health condition and age in an inexperienced person will be difficult. Considering this, enlist the support of the experienced chapher or take a branch.

Young

Young is better to buy at the age of 8-10 months. Choose it according to the same criteria as adults. At this age, the normal weight of a healthy animal of such age should be 75% of the mass of the appropriate sex.

Yagnyat

The lambs should be purchased at the age of 3-4 months. Animals must be active, rather reused. At this age, the lamb must already reach 45% of the mass of the adult individual. Also it is worth paying attention to the condition of the legs and hoofs. A healthy lamb of this age limb is strong enough, straight, planted far from each other. The knee joints are movable. Hoofs solid, without signs of laying, infection with infection.

LambWhen buying, you need to evaluate the quality of the wool. It must be a soft, evenly located on the body, not knocked into the shreds.

The rear surface of the hinder should be clean, not smeared by feces. Otherwise, the assessment of the state of the kids is carried out in the same way as adult individuals. When buying, be sure to require the breeder documentation on the scheduled vaccinations, the prevention of worms.

Content

Growing sheep is simple enough, they are not demanding in nutrition and tolerate different weather changes well. The main thing is to correctly organize animal care.

Ration

The content of sheep assumes that with the advent of the first juicy greenery, the animals will be on a free walking. It is the foothold that forms the basis (85% of the entire food consumed) of the diet of all age groups in the warm season. For the winter you need to buy combined feed for different age groups, as well as harvesting hay, silage and root.

Sheep diet

The whole diet looks like this:

  1. Juicy feed - Grass, Silo, Bachch, root.
  2. Roughage - hay, straw, sieuzh.
  3. Concentrated additives - cereals (barley, oats), legumes, bran, sunflower and soybean, corn grains, compositions designed specifically for different age groups of sheep.

Feeding mode depends on the time of year. In winter, when the animals are constantly in the stall, feed them is set 3 times a day. In the evening they give the least nutritious feed. Concentrates should be offered to animals after watering, and juicy - in front of it.

In the warm time of the year, you can generally not put feeding into the diet of the sheep, if they are carried out at a pasture at least 14 hours. The mode at this time looks like this:

  • 05:00 - exit to the pasture;
  • 12:00 - return to the stall to get drunk, or the departure for the nearest reservoir for the same purpose;
  • 15:00 - exit to the pasture;
  • 23:00 - Return for the night.
Sheep on waterIt is important to take care that animals have always access to clean drinking water. In the summer, each adult person consumes about 6 liters of water, in winter - 3 liters.

Adult individuals

Nutrition at the time of the year (calculation per person):

Spring The octar is transferred to the juicy feed gradually, during periods of rest, adding to the diet of hay and silo (1.5 kg), up to 700 g of concentrates, 10-15 g of salts.
Summer Fresh greenery is 85% of the ration + to 1 kg of hay, 200 g of concentrates, 10-15 g of salts.
Fall The herd is on grazing to frosts, the amount of hay increases to 3 kg, add to 4 kg of root plates, 10-15 g of salts.
Winter 4 kg of hay, 4 kg of silo, 300 g of feed, 4 kg of rooteplood, 10-15 g of salt.

A special diet should be organized by females a month before the jum. Menu Shemate for the day:

  • cereal and bean hay - 0.5 kg;
  • straw - 0.5 kg;
  • Juicy feed (root, pumpkin) - at least 3 kg;
  • concentrates - 300 g;
  • Salt - up to 15

Sheep dietTribal males also need improved meals:

  • hay - 2 kg;
  • juicy feed - 3 kg;
  • concentrate - 600 g;
  • Salt - 15

For the period of increments, a men's tribal individual loses a lot of strength. Given this, 2 months before the seeding of the sheep, the male must be changed as follows:

  • hay - 1.5 kg;
  • concentrate - 1.5 kg (the basis should be oats);
  • Boiled chicken eggs - 2 pcs. (or 200 g of cottage cheese);
  • Roots - 500 g

Young

From 3-4 months, the lambs are already beginning to eat adult food. They are taken away from the module and gradually translated on foot feed.

Sheep with lamb

The diet of young people by age:

4-6 months 6-12 months
hay 0.5 kg hay 1 kg
Senage 0.5 kg Korneflodes 500 g
Vegetables 0.5 kg Concentrates 200 g
Compound feed 300 g Salt 8 g
Sunflower and soybean 150 g
Salt to 4 g

Yagnyat

During the first 5 days from the date of the birth of the lamb feed on maternal milk. Up to 3 months, cubs continue to feed on dairy products, but at the same time willingly grow in the feeders, absorbing coarse feed.

Already a week after birth, concentrated feeds are beginning to be introduced into the diet. First give 50 g per day, for a month. From the second month of life, the lambs gradually increase the amount of coarse feeds so that by 12 weeks their number in the day diet amounted to 300 g. Also in the menu necessarily introduced a bean hay (0.3-1 kg).

Video: When the lambs begin to eat hay

Care

To care for the sheep just. For the year it is necessary to carry out hygienic manipulations and conduct preventive measures to prevent the development of diseases of various etiology.

Hygiene

Regularly after a haircut or when the wool is smeared with mud, sheep should be washed. It is possible to do this from the hose, or running animals in the reservoir. Haircut - an event that allows you to improve the condition of animals in the heat and get a great raw material for the manufacture of textiles or sales. It is usually 1-2 times in season - in the spring and at the end of August.

Sheep haircut and swimming

Hoofs cut off once every 1-2 months. To carry out the manipulation, the knife and scissors for hooves will be required, as well as a regular knife. Sequence of action:

  1. Fix the animal in a standing position.
  2. Clean the sole of the hooves with a knife, gradually removing a cooled layer before the appearance of elastic fabric.
  3. Control the hoof wall with scissors.
  4. Crop soft fabric with sole knife.
  5. Install the animal on a flat surface to appreciate the correctness of the work performed - the angle between the leg and the level of land should be 70 °.

Pruning hoofs

You need to constantly monitor the cleanliness of the hoofer. If it falls inside and dry dirt, clay, etc., sheep becomes difficult to move. Noticing that the cattle is lame, it is necessary to clean the hoof from the mud.

Important! Water procedures spend only in warm, sunny weather so that the animals are not cold.

Prevention of disease

The main condition that warns the development of diseases is the hygiene of the room. The sheep content in winter in too cold, raw shepherds leads to the development of tuberculosis.

In winter, the temperature should be maintained at no lower + 8 ° C, in compartments, where sofhydrate and just inclusive uterus with lambs are + 15 ° C. Even in the winter, sheep needs to be released on the house. If this is not done, due to low mobility, the animals will begin to live, which will negatively affect their performance.

Grafting in sheep

It is important to comply with the vaccination and degelmintion schedule, which looks like this:

  1. anthrax - twice a year in 1 and 4 blocks from 3 months of age.
  2. Emkara - After 6 months, in the 1st quarter, but not later than 14 days before the sextiil period. If the sheep is on a free walking for more than 6 months, you need to revaccinate.
  3. Trikhophysu - All octar from a two-month age, 2 times with an interval of 2 weeks.
  4. Against DictiopaoLeza - March, then October-November.
  5. From Fazilize - February - March and December.
  6. Against moniasis - A month after going to the pastures, then after 15 days, once again 25 days after the second manipulation. The fourth procedure is carried out 30 days after the last period is translated.

Divorce Sheep

Growing sheep involves expanding the livestock. It is not worth a hurry in this matter. Sheep reaches sexual maturity at the age of about 7 months, but it is impossible to fertilize them at this age, since their body is still developing and not ready for the tooling offspring. The good reproductive age is considered to be 1.5-2 years.

Sheep with lambsSheep can lead a lamb several times a year.

But experienced farmers do not recommend to reduce females with males more than 1 time per year, since frequent pregnancy strongly deplete the organism of the shematol, which leads to the birth of defective cubs.

Family hunting for females comes in September-October. This period is ideal for the concern. Taking into account that the lambing of the lambs in these animals lasts 145 days, the childbirth will fall into February-March. It is economically profitable, since already after a couple of months after the birth of the lambs will appear, juicy greens will appear and they will be able to translate them together with the mother.

Wechka

Preparatory work before the end:

  1. 1.5-2 months before fertilization translate males and females on enhanced power.
  2. For 2.5 months from the already giving birth to sheep to serve the lambs, gradually stop them to milk them.
  3. To carry out a veterinarian examination of females and males, as well as all vaccinations and degelminth manipulations according to the schedule.

Artificial insemination of sheep

Fertilization can be carried out natural or artificial way. Conduct it when sex hunting begins in females. This is determined by behavioral reactions and state of outdoor genital organs. Sheep becomes more communal, let me make males to themselves. The sex lips swell a bit, acquire a brighter red color, of which the transparent pink mucus is distinguished. Losts sex hunt for about 24 hours, in rare cases 48 or 86. At this time, male launches to sheep. After 24 hours they take it.

Did you know? Jagged ones have just possessed a good hearing. From the first minutes of life, they are capable of finding a mother in voice.

If 18 days after the ending the floor hunt did not resume, it means that the seeding process was successful. To confirm the pregnancy, you can, 60 days after the mating, invite the vet - he feeds the uterus and says exactly whether there is a pregnancy, and will also give recommendations about the care of the sheep during this period.

Sugdedness in sheep usually flows well. The behavior of females does not change, they still remain as active, eat well. During the suspension period, it is necessary to carefully follow, so that during walking on the street in winter the uterus did not fall on the snow, otherwise there may be a miscarriage.

Okoth

Before the circuit, it is necessary to carefully study the information relating to this process. Usually childbirth in sheep pass without human intervention, but you still have to control them from beginning to end. Sign of fast birth in sheepIf the uterus saved the belly, the donkey swollen, the tail became thick and soft, and the genitals swept and acquired a brighter color, which means 2-3 days later she will begin to give birth. Noticing these signs, the sheep should be selected to another room. Immediately it is necessary to crash wool under the tail on the hind legs, in the groin zone.

When the contractions begin, the animal will become restless. It will walk along the chapter, constantly get up and go to bed, sniff and dig a litter to the nose. After 1-2 hours from the genitals, an integration bubble will appear. It bursts, water depart and the process of expulsion of the fetus begins. At that moment, the animal rhythmically moves the stomach. In the process, the fraction of the uterus gets up, licks the octoped water. Baby, with the normal course of childbirth, falls out of the female right on the litter. At the same time, the umbilical cord is torn. The uterus licks the baby, cleans his nose from mucus.

Birth of Yagnyanka

The host will require assistance in the event that the lamb is incorrectly located in the womb (you will tell you the doctor at the vehicle), the umbilical bubble itself will not break away or the communal bubble is not bursting. In any case, before childbirth you need to harvest towels, hot water, iodine, sterile knitting needle for piercing a bubble (can be taken in a human pharmacy), sharp scissors.

Position of FutinThe position of the fetus during childbirth: a - correct; B - wrong

If you see that the bubble does not burst, it should be pierced, otherwise the lamb suffers. The umbilical cord is cut off at a distance of 8 mm from the belly of a baby, sharp scissors who have previously passed boiling and processing with iodine.

In the case when the female independently removed the mucus from the nose of a baby, you need to do it yourself, with a wet towel, or you can use suck for a mucus intended for children.

Video: how to take birth at sheep

Care for newborn lambs

Immediately after the birth of the female, you need to wash the area of ​​the rear legs, as well as udder. The first milk to appear and let the lamb to the mother. Then it is taken and for 7-8 days they bring only for feeding every 2 hours. The fact is that during this period, the female may not be a completely unpredictable way.

In addition, the inclined sheep need careful care and daily inspections, since for another 8 days, postpartum complications may be manifested. After 8 days, kids translate to mothers. Feed according to the scheme described above, gradually introducing them to the diet rough food.

Newborn lamen

Diseases and injury

If the sheep is contained in good conditions and power supply correctly, they usually do not have problems with health. As for injuries, it is necessary to select the plain sections for grazing them.

In case of incorrect care, infection may be observed:

  • obesity - corrected by changing the diet, elimination of combined feeds;
  • rhinitis, tracheit, bronchitis - treated with antibiotics, vitamins (prescribes a doctor);
  • Problems with intestines - Resolved depending on the cause (there may be a lot of them).

Shearing

It is best to spend a haircut with an automatic machine. It requires minimal skills and practically completely eliminates the risk of injury. Before the haircut should be prepared solar, windless plot on the street or well-lit room. To put a piece of tarpaulin to the ground so that the wool does not get dirty and it was easier to collect it.

Sequence of action on trimming:

Shearing

Doyk Sheep

Sheep milking is carried out after the lambs are taken from them. Manipulation is carried out 2 times a day.

Before you start, you need:

  1. Wash the udder sheep with warm water with soap, then rinse, blot with a soft clean towel.
  2. Wash the hands.
  3. To substitute a clean, dry side room under the ditch, cover it with gauze, folded twice (to eliminate the risk of small particles of mud from woolen cover, midges, etc. garbage in milk).

Milking sheepHope of sheep: a - distribution; B - Alignment

In the beginning there is a handing out. Udder stick with his left hand, cautiously pressing the back of the tail, and the nipples hand out right. The first joint of the nameless finger is pressed several times on each nipple to moisten the milk remaining since last time. Then wrap up with both hands died and squeeze it. As a result, the liquid begins to drain into the subsidence.

Did you know? Most of all sheep is contained in China - 144 million heads.

In large farms, the Dooma is carried out with the help of special machines. Sheep are very beneficial in breeding. They are distinguished by unpretentious care, and also rarely sick and quickly gain body weight at the foot of the feed. Even a newcomer can afford to start 10 goals at once, not experiencing that he will not cope with their cultivation.

Growing rams and sheep is a simple, time consuming and promising business. With the right approach and selection of breed, unpretentious animals can provide their owner with delicious meat, milk, fat, wool and skin. Under the conditions of a personal compound, containing sheep is not difficult, the main thing is to know the features and needs of animals, rules of care and content. First of all, the novice farmer must determine the purpose of the breeding of sheep and as a result of choosing the right breed: meat, milk, meat-sized or curdy.

The best breeds for beginner farmers

Before starting a business, you need to decide on the breed. The most common types:

  1. Measual - this type of rams is bred to obtain meat and sala. These breeds are distinguished by low reproductiveness, sheep bring one lamb, but large weight. With the right content, the adult individual reaches up to 200 kg. Also in the structure of such rams there are fat deposition on the sacrum - Kurdyuk. The meat is attributed to: Gissar, Edilbaevskaya and the Kalmyt breed.
  2. Hubby - this type of ram brings meat and wool. Romanovskaya is considered the most popular breed. By 9 months of age, the first haircut is carried out with a yield of up to 1.5 kg of wool. Also widespread: Caucasian, Stavropol, Altai and Merino.
  3. Measic - are divided into short-haired and long-haired sheep. Long-haired: Kuibyshevskaya, North Caucasian and Russian long-haired. Short-haired breeds (Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian) grow rapidly and have delicious delicious meat.

The best breed for newcomers in sheepship is Romanovskaya, since it has high productivity and reproductiveness, one shempty can bring up to 6 lambs. It is easy to care for the Romanan breed. Due to thick wool, animals are able to withstand strong frosts.

Breeds, photo and short description

Breed Short description
Romanovskaya Received meat steroid breed. From a 5-month age with an animal, you can get: wool, meat, milk and skin. With sheep remove 2 kg of wool, from the ram - 3 kg. Meat is valuable and fragrant. When slaughtering one young sheep, the yield is up to 20 kg of meat. Milk fatty and used for the preparation of cheeses and other dairy products
Gissar Large breed, productivity depends on the direction of breeding. Meat can be obtained from 3-4 month old individuals. Wool goes for the production of felt, with one individual for 2 haircuts remove up to 3 kg of woolen rune. Despite the low fertility, one casedatka annually allocates up to 100 liters of milk, subject to timely translation of young on artificial feeding
Edilbaevskaya Popular productive breed. Five-month ram, with proper feeding reaches 40 kg, 20 of which is pure meat, and 3 kg is the Kurdyut fat. The breed is the rapid, quickly gaining weight. The greatest increase in weight occurs to the 7-month age
Caucasian From the breed farmers get high quality wool, meat and milk. The average annual Nastrig is 9 kg, the sheep is 3.5 kg. But despite a small amount, sheep wool is valued much more. Fertility is average, in litter no more than 2 lambs. During the lactation, the lactation is capable of give up to 100 liters of milk. To the seventhous age of the lamb is ready for a slaughter, with high-quality feeding their weight is 70 kg
Altai The meat is the breed, reaches the maximum weight to 2-3 years old. Thin wool is widely appreciated for the production of swimable fabrics. During the year from one uterus, up to 6 kg of woolen fleece. The breed is very prolific, one shempt tag per year brings to 14-15 lambs with good strength
Kuibyshevskaya The breed is early and prolific. In 3 months of age, the lambs weigh 20 kg. The rating with proper content is 14 lambs per year. The individual is well tolerating the hot summer and harsh cold, resistant to many diseases and parasites

Content and construction Shepherd

For successful business, the Shepherd must meet some requirements:

  1. The air temperature for adults should not be descended below +7 degrees, for youngsters - +10 degrees.
  2. Good lighting.
  3. The spacious room should be at the rate of 3 square meters. meter per person.
  4. Grindobeton or wooden floor with insulated flooring.
  5. Large swing gates.

The room makes well ventilated. It is regularly ventilated and cleaned. In addition, in the sheepskin, a place for a cauldron and the further content of young people are removed.

Also for breeding rams build:

  • Pancoon, equipped with trough and drinker;
  • homemade house;
  • Shed to store inventory, hay, straw and grain;
  • haystock;
  • Artificial or natural pasture ranging by cereal or leguminous crops.

The pasture is selected large, 1,5 hectares of land is isolated by 300 heads.

Breeding sheep at home

Barman breeding is a good business. But like any farm sheeping has its pros and cons.

The pros will be attributed to:

  1. Fertility of females - elite breeds per year can bring up to 2 liters.
  2. Animals are hardy, have immunity to many diseases, do not require insulated premises.
  3. Pasture content saves on the construction of sheepni.
  4. From the sheep you can get meat, milk, skin, wool and lard. Additional income can be obtained from the other.

Disadvantages:

  • Big investigation to acquire herd;
  • Additional working hands: zootechnics, shepherds, milk;
  • Fertile lands for fattening livestock.

Summer content sheep

Pasture content is high productivity. Growing the livestock in captivity, the farmer faces unexpected expenses, such as: collecting and storing food, room facilities and a paddle for walking.

The sheep pasture is expelled in early spring when the first greenery appears. The best sheep grazing in the early morning and evening. In the daytime clock, the herd is driven into the pen so that the activity is replaced by rest. In the hot regions, the grazing is carried out at night. It is very important that the pasture is watering: at least twice a day, the drinkers are filled with clean cold water.

Most farmers create artificial pastures, filling the fenced area of ​​bevelled grass and concentrated feed. For convenience, feeders, drinkers and a hinged awning, so that the animals are hiding from the sun and rain. If on the street is cool, the livestock must be protected from dampness, since wet wool breathes for a long time and can cause various diseases.

In the summer, animals may suffer from bloodsowing insects that not only use sheep as a power source, but also postpone on damaged eggs. In order for the animal to suffer from parasites, they are regularly examined, disinfected and clean damaged areas, and also establish a special observation of weak and depleted instances.

Winter content sheep

In the autumn period, sheep is transferred to the heads and specially equipped shepherds. It is very important at this time of the year to protect the animal from drafts, excessive humidity and from crowding.

In winter, feeding is carried out outdoors or under a canopy 3-4 times a day. First, the sheep should receive hay of cereal and legume crops prepared in summer. It is necessary for a rapid weight gain and growth. Then in the feed is added from vegetables, fresh root, potatoes with bran. After eating the livestock give a lot of water and begin to feed with concentrated and coarse food.

Sheep quickly get used to the routine of power, so they are fed into a specially designated clock. In the evening, caring farmers are laying in the feeders of hay and harvested brooms.

Feeding of vegetation, lambs and rams

A beginner farmer for good productivity should know how to feed sheep at home. Properly chopped food is high quality milk, tasty, fragrant meat and high-quality wool.

Feeding rules:

  • by 100 grams of weight give 3.5 kg of dry feed;
  • Sheep prefer small or legume hay;
  • straw give oatmeal or wig;
  • To replenish vitamins and microelements in food, raw potatoes, feed beets, watermelons, pumpkins and zucchini are added;
  • For balanced feeding, corn, barley, oats are added.

SOIL Matters, a week before the other, part of the hay is replaced with a feed. The daily diet should be 3.5 kg of fresh greens and vegetables with the addition of solid grain. In addition, Sol-Lysunets give dairy females to strengthen the body after childbirth.

In the first month of life, the lamb feeds exclusively with milk. Each kilogram of the incidence of a lamb should drink up to 5 liters of milk. Therefore, it is very important that the shematic has a sufficient amount of milk, especially in winter.

If the young man does not fully sucks milk, then in order to avoid mastitis, the shemate is dried independently.

The first milk babies should receive no later than 30 minutes after the appearance of the light. But before the first feeding, the sheep needed a colostrum, since he has a high concentration and can harm the newborn lamb.

In the first day, young people should eat every 2-3 hours. An hour after birth, the lamb gives warm clean water. A month after the birth, young people can be gradually translated into hay and juicy feed. From the grain you can give oatmeal and legume crops. Also to replenish vitamins in food add fresh vegetables and high quality hay.

There is a feeding rate of rams, the basis of which is coarse food and protein food. The daily diet of the rams should include urea, silage, feed beet beets and straw from barley or oats. Also, vitamins, microelements of bean crops, cake and meal are added to the feed activity.

Diseases - Symptoms and Treatment

The main enemy of sheep is dampness that leads to inflammation of the lungs. An animal begins to cough, mucous discharge from the nose appear, the body temperature increases, the appetite worsens, and the breath becomes difficult.

Antibiotics use for treatment. For the prevention of inflammation of animals, they keep on dry bedding in warm non-wet rooms.

Another common occurrence is the stomach meteorism. It occurs in non-compliance with the rules and feeding standards. Symptoms of meteorism: no appetite, excited state, bloating.

Welcome animal only veterinarian. To do this, it is necessary to make a penciling of the stomach or remove the gase with the help of a gas-conductive tube.

Also, poisoning may occur as a result of the use of poisonous plants. First signs:

  • diarrhea;
  • vomiting;
  • Failure to eat.

With the appearance of the first signs, the animal makes the stomach with a lean oil and a glauble salt.

If the hoofs of the sheep strikes the fungus, then the bone outrost is formed, leading to chromotype. When the fungus is detected, the growths are cut off and in the future, the livestock is clean and warm, and vitamins and trace elements are added to the feed.

Shearing

The haircut time depends on the breed and place of cultivation. The coarse breed has a haircut begin to spend at the beginning of spring. If you skip the time, then you can lose your profit, since in the summer the animal will begin to lift and wool will lose value and quality.

Shearing sheep is carried out twice a year: in spring and autumn.

The finest rocks are practically not linked, but they are not recommended to evolve them early in the spring. Since in the winter, the animal accumulates the gill in insufficient quantity, which makes coarse and dry wool. Such a type of ram ragged once a year, at the moment when they accumulate zillotypes in the desired volume, and those who appeared in winter, in the last month of summer or in the first half of autumn.

When having a haircut, wool should not be wet, and after feeding and drinking must pass for several hours. So after the haircuts do not join the disease, after 20 days, wash the disinfected solution.

Tips for beginner sheepodov

To make a business successful and profitable, it is necessary to follow the recommendations of experienced farmers:

  1. Buy the lambs are not under 4 months.
  2. Males and females from five months old to keep separately.
  3. The premises for the content make warm and dry.
  4. Animals keep on clean, deep litters.
  5. Increased humidity leads to diseases.
  6. Regularly wash and clean the drinkers and feeders.
  7. The feed should be in sufficient quantity enriched with vitamins and microelements.
  8. Cutting only to achieve one and a half years.

Among farmers and commercial farms are popular with sheepship. Beginner farmers often begin their economic activities from the breeding of sheep. The rationale for this choice is the many advantages of these animals. These include unpretentiousness to the conditions of maintenance and environmental factors, ease of care and nutrition. Consider how to properly organize the breeding of sheep, and what requirements it is important to follow.

Sheep in sunset

What is sheep breed?

Before you begin planning to arrange a new farm, you need to make accurate cost calculations and profitability. Of course, it all depends on the size of the alleged farm. After all, it is possible to grow sheep at home for your own consumption or commercial interest to sell products to other consumers.

It is important to remember that sheeping will not be able to provide excessively high profits, but 25% of the annual profitability of each individual can be obtained. And at home the family will be provided with high-quality, delicious and environmentally friendly products.

If a farmer already has experience in organizing and conducting animal husbandry, then he will not have special difficulties in breeding sheep. However, it is still recommended to pre-visit the already active sheep's farm and explore the advice and recommendations of the experimental sheepodov. And for beginners it will be at all a mandatory requirement. Specific features will be caused by the breed and climatic conditions for the content of animals, however, in general, the breeding process is standard.

The farmer must initially understand which products it can get, because the selection of the breed depends on it. Sheepship provides people:

  • meat;
  • milk;
  • fat;
  • wool;
  • Skury.

These products can be consumed within the household itself, and with large volumes - to pass into the market or trading network, at the factory of a specialized type.

lamb meat

Meat products

Lady or lamb should be attributed to the dietary meat products group. Therefore, it is quite profitable to breed the sheep meat direction and promising. The advantage of meat is saturacy of vitamins, microelements and amino acids. At the same time, the adhesive contains a much smaller fat component with comparison with pork and beef - by 2-3 times.

Fat fabric itself is characterized by a smaller saturation of cholesterol. Its presence is 4 times less compared to other types used in animal husbandry. The low content of cholesterol in human blood reduces the risks of damage to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular ailments, and therefore reduces the likelihood of heart attack and stroke.

milk sheep

Providing milk

No less valuable product is milk sheep. The demand for him is high in European countries, in the Central Asian and North Caucasus regions, in the Crimea. Milk is both raw materials for the manufacture of a number of other derivative products, popular among the population of the whole world:

  • Marty;
  • yogurt;
  • rod;
  • Ayrana;
  • Rokfort cheeses, feta, cheese, etc.

sheep's wool

Schkur

The classic product obtained from the organization of the shepherd is wool. This direction of sheep flow remains leading. It is explained by this high and ever-growing demand for farmers products - for sheep wool, which is used in the manufacture of clothes and other materials.

Important! A rather high demand for animal skins. They are used in the production of leather products.

For skin, lambs are always on the scope of application. It is involved to create original samples of clothing and accessories. This feature is explained by the extreme softness of the source material, and therefore it does not surprise the desire of many trendy houses to use exclusively by this variety. If you properly organize the selection process, then this direction will bring enough high profits.

Why farmers are breeding sheep?

Livestock activities related to the breeding of sheep and Baranov are now popular and in demand in Russia and the world. Causes lies both in the peculiarities of the animals themselves and in the characteristics of the products obtained.

Sheep on a beautiful background

Advantages of sheep and sheep

This direction of livestock develops due to the positive physiological qualities of sheep, as well as due to simple conditions of content. This is manifested in such features:

  1. Sheepading is a fairly profitable livestock sphere and at the same time relatively simple. For the acquisition and content of several individuals, large financial investments and physical effort will be required. But the demand for produced products will always be.
  2. The possibility of use for grazing Otara plots for which the herd of cattle was previously passed.
  3. No need for significant areas for content - sheep can easily carry crowded in the herd.
  4. Incomiputability in organizing content in winter. This animal requires only a warm and dry room with a small amount of straw.

Profitability of products

Significant benefits of farmers bring high product quality products obtained from sheepship:

  1. The resulting meat is characterized by an excellent taste. It is dietary, and therefore suitable for inclusion in the diet and adults, and children.
  2. Sheep milk is useful and rich in nutrient components in comparison, for example, with a cow product. It makes not only classic cottage cheese and oil, but also cheeses, cheese, yogurt.
  3. The resulting curvy fat can be used in cooking, as well as in medicine as a healing agent. In the latter case, it will be required by people suffering from chronic diseases of the lungs, joint tissue and other illnesses.
  4. Wool is suitable for the manufacture of warm veasions, sweaters, a variety of winter clothes, which additionally produce a wellness effect.
  5. Sheep skins can be used when sewing covers, hats, shoes. They are popular as a finishing material when designing the interior and the manufacture of car covers on the chair.
  6. Find the application and product life of sheep. Dung is characterized by a high level of heat transfer, and therefore it is applicable as a fertilizer.

You can breed rams and sheep in all regions of Russia. It is important to remember that dampness is dangerous for these animals due to the negative impact on immunity. Therefore, sheds should be dry, one should not withdraw the flock of pasture in rainy weather.

For the organization of business for breeding, sheep large financial injections will not need. Animals are unpretentious and rapidly, which is associated with the potential profitability of the business.

lamb and two sheep

Biological features of sheep

For modern sheep used for dilution at home, sufficiently high rates of meat, dairy, coat productivity.

Shepherds choose rocks that have such important qualities:

  • high fertility rates;
  • ability to rapidly set the live mass;
  • unpretentious to the conditions of detention and feeding;
  • Strong immunity.

However, to obtain scheduled results will require accounting when collecting the needs and biological peculiarities of sheep. First of all, the studies and forgetfulness of these animals are drawn to.

Often, sheepodov has a problem when Otar forgets the road home, returning from the place of grazing. Therefore, they usually graze these animals together with goats or cows. In addition, it does not prevent the presence of trained dogs. After all, one sheep stepped behind the leader will pull the whole octar.

On average, sheep can live for about 20 years. But usually, when breeding on a private compound, the standard life expectancy of purebred diet and producers does not exceed 8 years. Young man who is originally designed to obtain meat, will be clogged before one year old age. But animals that are grown for the coat of use can live longer.

The most important indicators indicating the advantages of breed or individual include the parameter of the number of skills during the year, as well as the level of fertility. Usually sheep give offspring 1 time per year. It happens at the end of the winter period or in the first weeks of spring.

Duration of pregnancy - approximately 5 months. The norm will be the appearance of 1 lamb for the collar, although deviations are possible. In the latter case, you can allocate the Romanovian breed, which is able to fly twice a year.

Powerful sheep

Child breed selection

To ensure the effectiveness of the content and breeding of sheep, it is necessary to acquire initially young rocks corresponding to the selected direction of sheepship.

The lambs are selected, based on target orientation. At the same time it is believed that meat-hosted and meat breeds profitability indicators are the highest. In addition, they stall tolerate temperature jumps, copier with winter weather, allow you to get a high season.

Beginner sheep will be interested in such existing types of sheep:

  1. Sheepskin, represented by Grozny, Stavropol breeds.
  2. Meat-sheepskin, including Altai and Caucasian sheep.
  3. Ovchin-meat view - Georgian, Kazakh, Dagestan, Romanovskaya breed.
  4. Measual - Sheep Saragin or Gissar breed.

High-quality meat gives sheep any breed. However, to ensure the maximum profitability of activities due to high meat productivity, it is necessary to focus on specialized breeds.

With the interest of a farmer to obtain wool, it is desirable to choose the sheepskin direction of the breed. Moreover, depending on the characteristics of the coat of rocks, they are divided into fine-dimensional, half-rigorous, semi -rugated, coarse-dry.

Thinner sheep give wool that uses high demand and has value. Such a breed belongs, for example, early merino. But Romanovskaya will be the most popular coarse ram breed.

Dwelling for sheep

Features of content

Sheep are rapid animals that have interesting quality - in fact, they will be natural insulation. This means that, having rushing into groups, animals are heated. Therefore, this feature must be taken into account in the process of arrangement of premises, where individuals will be contained. Thanks to the unpretentiousness of sheep, the pens for them can be built simple, and in the summer it is sent to the pasture.

Arrangement of shepherdies

With the arrival of autumn Otaru, you need to prepare for the translation to wintering in a sheep or a pen. It is important to ensure comfortable conditions for staying there of animals, eliminating the appearance of a draft or excessive level of humidity. It should be avoided and the crowded state of herd.

Recommendations for the arrangement of the room

It is recommended to comply with such rules contributing to successful sheepship:

  1. The premises must have good ventilation, excluding the stagnation of air in the pen.
  2. For the arrangement of animals, a dry and deep litter will be required.
  3. Norms of the area for one individual comprise 2.5-3 square meters. m, which makes it possible to guarantee the normal content of Otara.
  4. During the stall period inside the room, the temperature regime is maintained 6-8 ° C heat. These conditions are necessary to ensure the health of strong individuals and high-quality growth.
  5. The temperature during the period of the lamb should be higher - about 15 ° C heat.
  6. In the sheepskin, there must be feeders and drinkers.

Shepherds can be built with both doors and without. The main thing is to eliminate the presence of drafts and humidity. If there is a gate, they are often left open even during the winter period, of course, when not on the street of frosts. The open gate allows you to provide a favorable temperature regime. But with overly high temperatures, animals will suffer from parasite attacks. In the conditions of the optimal microclimate, Otar itself solves the problem of combating harmful organisms.

It is recommended to lift the floor in the sheepskin at about 20 cm above the ground level. Undoubtedly, the nursery will be required with a drinker. At the same time, it is necessary to regularly monitor the purity indoors, remove the products of life, to change the litter.

Preparation of shepherd by winter

With the onset of cold weather, Otar is transferred to the room. The area of ​​the area per animal, as mentioned earlier, should be about 3 square meters per person. But at the same time, it is desirable to take care of the presence of a site for a walk in size of up to 4 m. It needs to install the feeder and protect the animals by a canopy.

Before transferring individuals to the room it must be prepared. Capital cleaning is carried out in the shepherd, all the garbage is carried out, and then disinfection with a special solution. It can be prepared independently or purchase a ready-made composition in a pharmacy, and then dilute and use in accordance with the requirements of the instruction.

Important! After processing the shepherd, it is impossible to start animals immediately. The room must necessarily ventilate at least 7 days.

flock of sheep

Pasture content of animals

To ensure the high productivity of Otara, it is necessary to create conditions for grazing animals on the pasture. If this is not done that additional costs appear on:

  • purchase of feed, harvesting and storage;
  • Additional equipment and maintenance of premises where animals will be.

Vaspava organization

In the absence of suitable sections in the farm area, you will have to go to another. In this case, it will be necessary to equip special sites for walking Otara. This zone should be fenced with shields. And to feed such a flock in the summer period is preferably bevented pasture herbs.

As the vegetation cover is depleted at the pasture, animals are distilled into new sections. One feature of sheep is helped by farmers - they bite the grass below compared to how goats or cows do. Therefore, even in the conditions of the poverty of vegetation on the site of the sheep, you can easily find meal. Transferring consistently to the octar into new territories of pastures, you can minimize the risks of the defeat with helminths.

Contain the sheep on the leash can be. However, it will take regular translation into new sections of pastures. In addition, it is advisable to drive out octar from a limited grazing zone and encourage it to slight jogs.

The flock of sheep on the pasture is already in the spring, when the first vegetation is 8 cm in height and more. However, sometimes the weather may not please - rainy days will stand on the street, dampness feels. In this case, it is necessary to protect the stero from high humidity, because due to wet wool, unable to dry, probably the development of a number of diseases in animals.

The same feature must be taken into account in the fall, when the time of the coolness and regular rains occurs. But in the summer in hot weather, early pasture on the meadow contributes to the receipt of sheep useful and juicy vegetation.

Field in the mountains and sheep

Animal care with grazing

Pasture grazing does not exclude the need to provide sheep drink. Well, if there is a natural reservoir in the meadow. However, during its absence, the drinkers should be installed, which replenish the minimum twice a day. In hot weather, more frequent filling creams will be required.

Such an effort of the farmer will exclude dehydration of the weakening of animals. To protect the octar from the Sun, selected areas with the presence of natural shelter - lush trees. If they are missing, it is advisable to establish special canopies, under which sheep will be able to hide from the scorching sultry sun. In addition to drinking, it is desirable to leave on the piece of slices of salt-lysuchz.

In the summer, Otara suffers from the attacks of insect bloodsuckers. For them, animals will be a source of food and place to deploy eggs on the surface of the skin. Therefore, it is important to facilitate the state of lambs and prevent the development of diseases. This will require regular inspections, cleansing and disinfection of wounds and damage. In relation to weakened individuals, attention should also be careful.

Black sheep heads eating

Features of feeding sheep

In summer, the cost of feeding Otara is minimal. At this time, animals spend most of the pasture time, so for normal nutrition, only the optimal grazing conditions should be provided.

The lambs and adult individuals have a unique ability to find food, slowly moving around the site of the meadow. This ensures a normal weight set. Animals like a diverse fresh grass. During the distils, experienced farmers control the speed of moving Otara. You should not leave animals in one section for a long time, since the vegetation will be pulled out, and the full nutrition will not work.

With bad grass, it will be necessary to add the ration with concentrates. They are given from the ratio of 300 g per sheep. In the absence of grazing possibility in the summer, the flock gives freshly acted grass, which is quite difficult for the owner. In the pasture you should take care of the installation of the drinker, leave there is also a stone-lisunets.

To ensure a normal feeding process, you should correctly select a place to install the feeder. At the same time, it should stand so that the animals it is convenient to eat food, and farmers glue products into it. The optimal option will be the use of a construction with an inclined bottom. It should be a nasal appearance. Sheeps will be convenient if the height parameters 20-25 cm are met.

In winter, take care of some diet change. The composition includes hay and additives. Feed the octar with feed and root crops. We should not forget about a sufficient amount of water. Its disadvantage can provoke thermoregulation failures.

The hay should be prepared in advance and ensure its correct storage. However, the diet should be diversified:

  • bran;
  • vegetables and rootfields - beet, carrots, potatoes, etc.;
  • grain crops - corn, wheat, oats, rye;
  • cake and silos.

Recommended by the nutritional feeds to poke sheep during the day, and in the morning and evening hours to give less nutritious. Before giving animals concentrated feed, shed, and silage is given before the individuals will fit the drinking.

It is important not to deprive sheep salt and chalk. However, these animals are characterized by challenge, so they can refuse contaminated chalk. In this case, it is advisable to mix with chalk fodder at the rate of 100 g of chalk per 10 kg of oat floss.

The greatest speed of the weight gain with the sheep is ensured when inclusive of green feed and legumes - clover, alfalfa. At the same time, the need for feed per day is for:

  • Baranov - up to 10 kg;
  • sheep - up to 8 kg;
  • Young man - 5-6 kg.

Sugo and tray uterines should eat hard. It is important to control the quality of the feed to eliminate poisoning in which the lamb can be released.

Young is clogged on meat at 3-9 months of life. At older, when the individual reached 1 g, the meat begins to lose consumer qualities. To accelerate the growth of wool, the sheep give methionine. This is a drug in which a sulfur-containing amino acid is present at a large concentration.

haircut sheep

Shearing sheep process

The goal of sheepship is not limited to obtaining delicious and useful meat. Sheep can also be used to obtain wool, thanks to which the efficiency of breeding increases. Wool animals valuable, produce a variety of accessories - gloves, socks, sweaters, carpets, etc.

Sheep Stream twice throughout the year. For the first time, this is done before the Otara's conclusion for pasture grazing. The second haircut is carried out already at the end of autumn, but before the onset of cold weather. For manipulations, use the electric machine, specially designed for shearing sheep. As a result, the whole process will be carried out as quickly as possible and without discomfort for both animals and for the owner.

Many experienced sheeps recommend to conduct preparatory activities before haircut. So, it is advisable to temporarily exclude animal feeding for 14 hours before the procedure. At this time, it is impossible to give Otare and water.

Lamb in the meadow

Features of the choice of lambs for growing and breeding

Buying young people, it is necessary to pre-carefully examine him, paying attention not only to the appearance of the animal, but also behavior on it. Healthy kids behave lively, tearing. They are externally living and have no signs of disease.

Tails of young people should not be wet. After all, otherwise, we can talk about suspicion of the development of dysentery from them. But the noses of the lambs should be, on the contrary, wet, which is a sign of lack of health problems. We should not forget about the need to verify the presence of bloodsowing parasites - fleas with ticks.

Sheep gave birth to a meadow

Okhot procedure

Sheep differ in fertility. In this case, the survival rate of newborns lambs is high and close to 100%. Kids do not require special conditions in the organization of care and maintenance. After a few hours, they are already able to hold on their legs tightly, and Mother has a maternal instinct. Females take care of the offspring without any assistance.

Pregnant females need enhanced nutrition, which contains many vitamins and trace elements. A few days before the other, it is necessary to comprehend the wool from the plots near the udder. At the same time, the premises should be prepared where childbirth will occur. A clean new litter is spilled on the floor. On the eve of childbirth, the sheep swells uhd, her belly descends, and under the tail everything swells and acquires a red shade.

The process of the area usually goes without complications and the animal itself copes. However, if possible, you can invite veterinarian for the suspension. Man's help will only need only for the release of a lamb from an oily-free shell and removing mucous membranes from respiratory channels.

During the first 2-3 hours after the birth of the lamb should be supplied with mother's milk. If it is impossible to make it yourself from the farmer, it is necessary to move milk and give it to the baby.

Weak individuals need supplies through children's bottles. Milk at the first stage is given in small portions, and then increase its volume. It is permissible to use substitutes if natural milk is missing. From 1 month old, the lambs receive concentrates in the composition of the feed.

All breeds of sheep differ in a stable lactation process, and therefore animals calmly feed 2-3 lamb. At the same time, milk productivity reaches 150 liters.

Breeding sheep at home is one of the most profitable and promising areas of agriculture. Lamb and lamb, milk, wool, skin and fat - not the entire list of products that can be implemented on the market at a high price and use for personal purposes, with minimal costs for the farmer.

The content of the article:

For small estates and farms, growing and breeding sheep at home is the optimal solution. The huge advantage of this branch of animal husbandry is that there is no large area of ​​the land for grazing, because the animals are kept cunic and unpretentious in food. Profit during sheepship is large, while costs pay off in the shortest possible time.

What you need to know a newcomer?

Sheep breeding at home for beginners is based on the development of a business plan. This will calculate the financial expenses for the purchase of animals, the construction of a shepherd and the choice of pasture. In addition, all risks are taken into account, payback and possible income from activity is calculated. By defining all the nuances, you can evaluate the profitability of the business.

Sheep on grazing

After that, it is necessary to find a place for grazing sheep and build a sheeparte, where it will be possible to contain animals in the cold season. Experts found that for 10 females with lambs enough space in 40m 2. It should be borne in mind that in the cold period in the sheepskin, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of at least 10 degrees of heat. Also, the construction must have a vent hole and protect well from drafts. By determining the conditions of the content of animals, you can move to the purchase of sheep. Experienced livestock breeders recommend paying attention to the novels of the Romanov breed.

Romanov breed sheep breeding at home

Sheep Romanovskaya breed

The Romanov Breed of Sheep enjoys greatly popularity. The main reasons for breeding this population:

  1. The breed is distinguished by fertility. The sewage rats 1 is from 3 to 6 lambs.
  2. Romanovskaya sheep has thick wool and even in the period of the strongest frosts, the costs of their content are minimal.
  3. The individuals grow rapidly, so the farmer gets meat after six months. One-year-old ram reaches 80 kg.
  4. For the cultivation of animals, a large amount of feed is required. Sheep can eat moss, coarse straw, leaves and fruit grass.
  5. In the age of 5, sexual maturation begins in individuals. During the year, bright exhibits sexual activity, as a result of the livestock increases rapidly.
  6. Romanovskaya breed products are high quality. Therefore, the breeding of sheep at home quickly pays off and brings significant profits.

Farmer, who decided to buy this breed, should decide what he wants to get from sheep? When the purpose is set you left to calculate:

  1. How many individuals you have to buy.
  2. Number of feed.
  3. The need for the construction of shepherds or you have enough canopies.

Please note better adult animals, because their appearance will allow to determine compliance with standards. Of course, you can save and buy young. But in this case, you risk ocked with productivity.

Breed content

For household, the novels are the most convenient because they are not difficult. In the cold season, one piece will require 3 m 2Closed room and up to 4 m for walking. The walking area should contain a canopy and feeders.

If you have the room, then you need to prepare it before the tomorrow. In the future sheepskin, it should be carefully removed and throw away the garbage. After that, disinfection is made by a special solution. You can buy remedy in a veterinary pharmacy. Before work, be sure to familiarize yourself with the instructions. Shepherd after processing should weathered at least a week.

Romanovski sheep with lambs

In the absence of room for the content of sheep, it should be built. Shepherd must be warm. It is required that newborn lambs do not die. Special attention is paid to humidity and ventilation. Paul can make board, clay or leave earthenware, solve you. The novels do not tolerate dampness, so you will need to change the litter constantly, as dirty. You can use for these purposes with straw or sawdust.

Feeding sheep

It should be selected for feeding and install feeders follows that it is convenient not only lambs, but also their owners. The optimal option is feeders with inclined bottom, a nursery type. For an adult individual it is convenient, it takes 20-25 cm.

When building the yard for walking, it is necessary to build canopies that protect sheep from sunlight during the hot season. Think about feeding sheep is necessary in advance. Even in the summer, the first days after the purchase, the sheep should hold in a shepherd-free. Thus, they will be accustomed to a new place of residence. The first time of animals feed with rosy grass.

Diet feeding sheep

The basic diet for a day for an adult individual:

  1. Hay meadow - 2 kg. If necessary, you can use 2 kg of straw and 1 kg of meadow hay.
  2. Roots - 2 kg.
  3. Oatmeal-barley mixture - 250 gr.

Young individuals eat 30-70% of the daily norm of an adult animal.

Power Spa:

  1. Morning - hay.
  2. In the afternoon - cereals and root.
  3. In the evening - straw and hay.

In the summer, Otar grabs the pasture and feed costs equal to zero. In the case of poor herb, the sheep is added to the ration of concentrates, in the calculation of 300 gr. 1 individual. If there is no possibility to fall out octar, then feed animals follows fresh grass. This is a very laborious process.

When breeding sheep at home, it must be borne in mind that they require feed additives. Buy their pharmacy, after consulting the veterinarian.

Features of the behavior of sheep

Animals should always be available salt-lysun and water, even on the pasture of the sheep drink, consider it.

Novice to a note

Here you have acquired animals, now you have to watch their behavior.

Features of behavior

  1. Floor hunting in sheep. Females and males begin to behave a little differently. This indicates that they are ready for mating. But it is possible to see the Romanov breed only if the individual reached 40 kg. Only in this case will be a healthy offspring.
  2. Fertilization produce 2 times a day, in the morning and evening.
  3. With the right and full care, the bright is delivered all year round, and this is a good profit for the owner.
  4. One Bran is capable of fertilizing 20 modules. But be sure to buy 2 male, in case the second will get sick.
  5. In the future, a ram is chosen, from which the offspring is healthier and productive, and the second male is neutered.

It should be known that it is possible to dry the sheep, only 2 months after it beat the lambs and carried out preventive vaccination. In case of grazing content, Otare gives the best areas and be sure to feed the feed (400 grams of 1 part). When keeping in the stall, the diet is selected based on the animal state.

What should be aware about the window?

Pregnant uterus should receive enhanced nutrition, saturated with vitamins and microelements. The owner must fix the Date of Founders and the Histoon of Sovetone. It is required for the timely separation of it in front of the flock of herd. The Romanov breed has the duration of the fetus of the fetus is 145 days.

Lambing

2 days before delivery around the udder it is necessary to compact wool. Be sure to prepare the cell in which the window will occur. It should have a clean and fresh litter. Shortly before childbirth, the lamb swells, the belly falls, the belly falls, everything swells under the tail and blushes. Before the shadow, the female begins to behave restlessly and often falls.

Roda

  1. Reliving paths are revealed. It continues for 2 hours. Animal at this time can not be touched.
  2. Fight. Zev is disclosed, the stomach is intensively reduced and a lamb appears. With the normal flow of the Pupovina, the itself is broken down. Be sure to control the lamb to the mouth and the mouth closed and the nose of the film, and then he can die.
  3. For 20-40 minutes, the second lamb appears and the following.
  4. With the normal position of the fetus, the lambs go ahead with the legs, but sometimes - back. In this case, it is necessary to not give for a long time to stay a lamb head in the uterus.
  5. Almost always the uterus gives birth independently. After the release of the lane, the kum is completed.
  6. If the stop does not go out, you need to cause a veterinarian.

Care for newborns

Large lambs in half an hour are already on the legs and begin to suck milk from the udder. Weak individuals must be substituted under it. If the range of more than 2 individuals are required for lures. The optimal option is a goat milk because it is perfectly absorbed by lambs.

Little lambs in Hlevu on Seine

Weak individuals are injected with babies with children's bottles. Milk is first given by small portions, with time the volume increases. It is allowed to use substitutes, in case of lack of natural milk. From monthly age, the lambs are injected into the ration of concentrates. For these purposes, small feeders are installed with a ground feed mix, vitamin fantasies, salt and chalk. From four months old, a stupid lamb is removed from the uterus. Now they can conduct an independent life.

Productivity

During the year, sheep triggered three times - in autumn, in spring and summer. This is due to the molting seasons, since late may lead to loss of wool quality. Romanov breed is very productive:

  1. Baran gives up to 3 kg of wool.
  2. With the sheep, the farmer gets 1.5 kg of wool.

But the breed is mainly divorced as meat. The average ram weighs 70 kg, some individuals reach 100 kg, a sheep - from 40 to 50 kg.

Due to the constant readiness of sheep to reproduction, you can select the most convenient time for the appearance of the selection. Basically, up to 3 lambs are born, that is, one uterus is capable of providing up to 100 kg of a young lamb and 3 high-quality runes if slaughters produce in 8 months. Because of these qualities, Romanov sheep are used for intensive meat production.

Flock of sheep of the Romanovskoy breed in the pot

The advantages of breed

  1. High-quality fleece. Wool has a bluish-gray with a steel tint, not inclined to dumping, the growing robust. Axiety correlates to Puhu 1: 4-1: 10.
  2. Polyesstrost - breed is able to seed all year round.
  3. Big ratd. There are 300 lambs per 100 modules, while the most prolific individuals produce up to 9 young.
  4. The strength is high. In the year, animals are ready for insemination. At the same time, the shemadians are less than the rainfire, compared with other rocks of sheep.
  5. The first products can be obtained in 5 months - this is a baked wool. And at 9 months - the young meat of high quality.

Disadvantages of breed

You should pay attention to the following nuances:

  1. Animals are susceptible to diseases of the respiratory system.
  2. Excessive bugles.
  3. Do not carry drafts and high humidity.

Romanov's sheep on pasture

Romanov sheep are very popular with breeding at home due to high productivity and simple care. Of particular importance it has for a beginner sheep. But it should be remembered that it is necessary to acquire the animal only from responsible manufacturers who lead tribal work and adhere to breed standards.

Content and breeding sheep at home: step-by-step guide

Since you decided to get acquainted with this article, you probably have gathered to engage in breeding sheep as a business, or as a home utility farm, to ensure yourself and your family fresh mead, in any case you will read what to read. You can also use the navigation menu on the article in the Contents of the article!

Sheep breeding does not apply to the most profitable type of business. However, with a reasonable approach, it is possible to provide your family meat, milk and skins, and if you wish to organize small production on the basis of your farm. Shubs, sleevelessness from sheepskin and even dads, including Karakulovy - in one of this, with a competent organization of the case, you can earn.

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These unpretentious to the conditions of maintenance and feeding animals give fairly significant volumes of meat, wool, milk, and some breeds and fat.

Conditions of sheep content

Sheep distinguishes the weak development of the highest nervous activity. In this regard, they use group content and feeding.

Stall (autumn - winter).
Stall (autumn - winter).
Stall (Spring - Summer).
Stall (Spring - Summer).
Preparation 1 month before the start of the stall content:
  • Degelmintization (click to read more),
  • surveys
  • Anticipation of the coup.
Versions of stall content:
  • Day (excluding bad weather): Bases
  • At night: room.
Indoor temperature:

from 6 to 8 s.

(But during the twentieth period, the temperature is 15-18C).

Room Square:
  • For young people: 0.7 - 1 m2.
  • For 1 sheatanta 2 - 3 m2.
  • For 1 Baran: 3 m2.
Installing windows:

Not lower than 1.2 m above the floor level.

Lighting:

Electric (duty) lighting at night.

Floor:

Raised over the soil level at least 20-30 cm.

Floor material: wooden, concrete, global or earth. For large farms: slotted floors.

Loaf on the floor: Yarovaya or winter straw. Add straw every day.

Daily need: 0.2-0.3 kg per head.

Less often use wood chips, sawdust, etc., as they can pollute the fleece.

Feeders: A nursery type (one or double sided) with grille. This design does not allow animals to drain and scatter food.

Mandatory simultaneous access to feeders for each sheep.

Calculation (in pursuit, see):

  • 25 cm. For 1 sheep.
  • 15 cm. On 1 lamb.

For lambs need a stand (10-12 cm.)

Drinkers:

Corto from the calculation of 1 sheep:

  • Height 30-40 cm.;
  • Length 25 cm.
Preparation for pasture content
  • Conducting medical and preventive measures
  • inspection and cleansing the territory of pastures; Sources of waterproof
  • Planning day and night recreation animals, their movement.
Content options
  1. Day (excluding bad weather): Pasture
  2. At night: Tarlo or Baz.
Content feature:

Pasties and options for the sheep content are largely dependent on the natural and climatic conditions.

Pasture types:
  • Natural: sudidal, mountain, steppe, fuse, flattering, swampy.
  • Artificial: sweaty by perennial and annual herbs.
Grass Planning:
  1. Grazes are separated into small sections: Pens.
  2. The duration of the grazing in each highlighted pen is no more than 5 - 6 days.
  3. Next, sheep is transferred to another pen.
  4. The previous one is returned at least after 3 months .
Calculation of Pasture Square for 1 Sheep:

O = y * k / s * n

O - the number of sheep heads per 1 hectare

U - Vintage Green Mass All Pasture (1 C / per 1 hectare)

K - the coefficient of energousness by sheep herbs depending on the type of pasture: (%)

  • Natural: 50-60 %%
  • Improved: 70-80 %%
  • Artificial: 80-90 %%

C - the need for 1 day in the grass (1 goal, kg)

P is the duration of the entire pasta period (days).

It is necessary to add 25% to the final indicator (in case of crawling).

Breed or not to breed?

On its own compound, the sheep is not difficult. These are hardy animals, they are unpretentious and ill in rare cases, quite prolific. If sheep put in comparison with the rest of the cattle, then they are distinguished by high rapidness, and already at a semi-annual age of the lamb reaches a living mass to 18 kg. If among the readers there are lovers to "calculate" the long-term perspective, I will help you: the sheep lives 12-14 years old and gives 1-1.2 tons of lamb living mass in perspective (it's quite normal when the kum takes place 2 times a year). Lactation period 150-180 days. Sexual maturity occurs at the age of 6-7 months. However, it is recommended to start the sheep in the trickle no earlier than 15 months. In compliance with such a recommendation, the fertility of the lamb and the health of the offspring is much higher than that of the "Roporilla". On my farmer's example, it also applies to goats, horses and even rabbits.

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Any sheepoda must pay the right technology of breeding sheep especially close attention.

The feasibility of content in farms, based on the foregoing, varies depending on the age of the sheep. Despite the total possible lifespan, the sheep of age over 5-6 years is clogged. And the point here is not only as meat, the accumulation of fat. The highest quality wool from the sheep also gets at the age of young; It makes no sense to contain a sheep for the sake of wool if you have a flock of several dozen goals, which periodically pleases you with new lambs, new meat and new wool.

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Products that are obtained from these animals are directly dependent on the breed.

The fertility of the "manless" sheep, or as they also call them - methots - comes up to 150 lambs per 100 goals, and the Romanov breed is 2 times more. With daily and high-quality feeding, the daily increase in body weight in the first half a year of growth can be up to 700 g. In a 5-month-old age with the sheep you can cut wool.

Breeding sheep at home has the following advantages:

  1. Fertility of females. The best breeds bring 2 liters per year.
  2. Animals are hardy, they differ in good health, do not suffer from temperature drops.
  3. Pasture content allows you to significantly save on the construction of space for livestock.
  4. Sheep give not only meat, but also skins, six, milk. A certain income can also bring the installation of litter.

The danger for sheep also exist. They poorly tolerate increased humidity, as a result of it - raw pastures (very much remind of goats) and anomalous heat. On the other hand, as I already noted the cold and even the damping draft - they are not very terrible.

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Sheep milk is an easy-to-drink, nutritious food product, especially recommended for children.

Another important perspective in the breeding of sheep (except meat and wool) is undoubtedly milk. As you probably know milk you can get almost from all representatives of CRS (remember Kumys - a horse's milk) and MRCs, only milk will be different. But do not essence that bad. For example, even at the sisters - the goat milk may not be the same, and even have the smell. There are several reasons for such a phenomenon, but we will not deviate from the topic, and consider the pros of the sheep in terms of milk. Nourishing and easily durable food product - Sheep milk Excellent raw materials for the production of high-quality fatness cheeses (milk) to 10%. Compared to cow (left goats and sheep, the sheep milk has a large percentage of fat content, high protein and dry components.

Costs of feed for the cultivation of sheep is much lower (2.5-3 times) than the same costs to ensure, for example, cows. Therefore, it is not worth breeding in your farm - such a question for me is not worth it, but you, reader, I recommend weighing everything "for" and "against" and, without having a reasonable difficulties, to start? Taki.

Perspective in sheep-flowering

Having accepted the right decision, and purchasing 3-4 lambs, after 2 years you exit the flock of 15-16 goals. Next - progression. One of the promising options for sheep's flock seems to me. Today, without much difficulty, I cope with a small flock of 36 sheep.

If it would be possible to increase the flock of up to 200-300 heads and further distribute it on personal subsidiary farms (sorry), such a business would bring a collective income by the resident of the nearest villages, if they, of course, found labor to enjoy farming. And if there is no problem with an increase in the livestock of the sheep, then the work of the sheep content will even have a few goals in modern villages on the example of the Vologda region of the unit.

The reasons, in my opinion, are simple and transparent: people have studied to work for years (even on themselves, which actually attracts me on a farmer's field, is the same entrepreneurship with a rural bias), to make the economy, earn.

Today, another more strange perspective is noticeable: every year the number of potatoes and other vegetable crops decreases on the village; After all, it can be bought in the store.

The trend is such that Soon dachas, seasonally coming to the village for the summer and pensioners will plant more vegetable crops, rather than a native village. This is such a "patual" situation takes place in separate villages.

What form of management to choose

Before acquiring the livestock, (according to the Russian Federation) It is necessary to register as a farmer or peasant economy.

The organization of a legal entity is not obligatory, but many prefer to issue a focus or get the status of the PI.

This makes it possible to purchase a profitable loan, choose an investor and save on taxes. In addition, many large buyers prefer to work with a legal entity, so timely registration will be useful in perspective. Catted cattle should receive veterinary passports.

The peasant (farmer) economy will require constant registration in the particular selected area. Not to all citizens, to the experiments with the change of registration (as well as me); For this purpose, it is better at the first pores of life and adapting to the village to choose the form of LPH - a personal subsidiary farm, which will not even need to register in the tax authorities. Accounting for LPH is leading municipal (local) authorities (the administration of rural settlements) in the "Nizhny Book". There is taken into account the address, owner of the LPH, the size of the plot and the number of farm animals.

Formation of the livestock: how to choose the best breed for breeding in personal farm

The future farm owner must decide which animals it will grow. Much depends on the specific region. For example, the south is traditionally in demand by Kurdjunk rocks, meat breeds are popular in the middle lane of Russia. Radiation of sheep for the sake of skins farmers are rarely engaged, but the collection of finely wool may well become the beginning of a separate business.

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Romanovskaya breed is worn and unpretentious.

Modern sheep is focused on growing meat breeds. The demand for high-quality lamb is growing, the future farmer will be easier to organize the market. Grow sheep on meat cheaper, there is no need to hire milles or acquire special devices, which is necessary when creating a dairy farm.

The selection of rocks is quite large.

Karachai and Edilbaev bays are especially popular in this category. They grow very quickly, differ in good fertility, endurance and strong health. Animals quickly feed meat, it is pleasant to taste, high-calorie, suitable for cooking a variety of dishes.

It is interesting! In the southern regions, Kurdnyh sheep with dense meat and plenty of fat are popular.

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Gissar breed sheep.

A good choice for novice farmers is a particularly large historic sheep. They develop very quickly, do not require special feed, by satisfying the pasture content. Gissars successfully multiply and allow you to increase the flock as soon as possible. The only minus of Kurdyny breeds is a thermal lofty. They laugh with daily weather drops, but poorly carry long cold winters.

Helpful advice! If you prefer to breed the Kurdjunk Sheep to obtain meat, sala and wool for the manufacture of felt, it is worth stopping your choice on Edilbaev or Gissar sheep.

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Edilbaevskaya breed of sheep.

For the harsh conditions of the middle strip of Russia and Siberia, Romanov's sheep will be suitable. This breed is a real fertility recorder. The uterus is usually kids twins, the offspring is characterized by a good immunity, the survival of young people is high. Romanians have delicious meat without excess fat, they give milk suitable for the production of cheese, and high-quality wool. The breed is quite affordable, young people can be purchased in most sheep-breeds engaged in tribal cattle.

Romanovsky Sheep is a coarse breed is distinguished by high fertility, good milkness, and their sheep skins, filmed from a dead young one at the age of 5-6 months, unsurpassed fur coat quality. Sheep skins (sheepskin) beautiful, durable, light, gray-blue.

Live mass of rams 80-90 kg, shemate - 50-70 kg. Fertility is 250-270 lambs per 100 shemptock, and in the best farms - 270-300 lambs. Such a high fertility of the Yaroslavl breed, the possibility of producing a large number of high-quality lamb. Wools from three-time haircuts with a sheep 1.6-2 kg, and from a ram - 2-3 kg.

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Romanovskaya breed of sheep.

Note! Romanovsky sheep is considered universal: they have good rates of meat and dairy productivity, as well as high spodes. These animals grow perfectly, practically do not hurt and can be considered one of the best options for beginners.

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Edilbaevsika rams give a lot of tasty and juicy meat.

Thinged sheep

Before making a bet on animals with long high-quality wool, it is worth finding a sales market, it is quite specific. Specialists are confident that today this sphere is less in demand than the breeding of rams for meat.

Note! Raw materials require pre-processing and hiring additional haircut personnel.

Reliable shelters will also be needed, since adverse weather conditions can spoil gentle cover. Thinner sheep is not the most successful idea for beginner farmers, it is suitable for experienced livestock breeders with sufficient areas for the content of a large herd.

To get good quality wool, it is recommended to acquire animals such rocks:

  • Caucasian (photo.1);
  • Stavropol (photo.2);
  • Altai (photo.3);
  • Merino (photo.4).
Caucasian breed.
PHOTO.1.
Stavropol breed of sheep.
PHOTO.2.
Altai breed of sheep.
Photo.3.
Soviet Merino.
Photo.4.

Long-hairs include such varieties of animals:

  • Tien Shanskaya (photo.1);
  • Romney Marsh (photo.2);
  • Russian long-haired (photo.3);
  • North Caucasian;
  • Kuibyshevskaya (photo.4).
Otar Sheep in the foothills of Tien Shan.
PHOTO.1.
Romney-march sheep breed.
PHOTO.2.
Russian long-haired sheep breed.
Photo.3.
Kuibyshev breed of sheep.
Photo.4.

A short-haired variety represent Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian sheep. In addition, these animals grow rapidly, and the meat is distinguished by high quality. For the production of carpets, Sukna and well-quality fur should be paid attention to the Cyghe and Georgian sheep. As well as for furoids include Karakul and Romanovskaya.

The households also break the sheep of the Tsigay breed.

Tsigay breed - woolen-meat half-rigorous breed. It is an ancient breed - it was divorced for a long time in Asia Minor and within the Balkan Peninsula. Sheep are distinguished by a strong constitution, a compact physique, a somewhat abbreviated torso. The rams have big spiral horns, uterus - ruffes. Sheep covered well, their wool is white and has the form of very fibrous braids with a length of 8-10 cm (in the best rams up to 14 cm). Wools are naked with 4.5-6 kg rams (from the best - 10.5 kg), shemptock - 4-4.5 kg.

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Tsigay Breed of Sheep.

These sheep are movable, well use pasture. Living mass about 50 kg, rams - 70 kg (record holders - up to 147 kg). The wool of the Tsigay sheep is the most valuable raw materials for the manufacture of technical cloth of special purpose, and their sheep skins are a good fur raw material, known called Tsigaik.

Continued article read on the next page. To go to the next part of the article, use page navigation numbers.

 

Sheep breeding is considered one of the most profitable livestock classes. . This is due to the unpretentiousness of animals, the ability to receive several products at once - milk, wool, meat.

For successful business management, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for the content of sheep and their breeding.

Shepherdie as a profitable business: Tips beginnier

The success of business depends on the compliance with the rules and rules.

Sheep breeding is considered one of the most profitable livestock classes.
Sheep breeding is considered one of the most profitable livestock classes.

Animal care has specificity:

  • It is required to form a nutritious and full diet;
  • build pens (warmed for winter, with electricity);
  • Provide walks (territory near the head and pasture in summer).

Farm business, which is aimed at breeding sheep, allows you to develop gradually.

The board of the novice entrepreneur is to pre-choose the work format.

It may be farming or private household. In the first case, the penalties are equipped on their own Earth, in the second - the site is rented.

A businessman must issue documents for doing business within the framework of the current legislation:

  • Businessman registration documents (TIN, certificate of tax accounting);
  • certificates permit farming activities (including the conclusion of the SES);
  • Documents for ownership (if the site is personal) or for rent.

Important! There is a limitation on the land for this type of business - up to 2.5 hectares for the form of a personal subsidiary farm.

Sales sales

Council beginner entrepreneur - pre-select work format
Council beginner entrepreneur - pre-select work format

The content and breeding of sheep is aimed at obtaining financial benefits.

Products:

  • meat;
  • meat products (semi-finished products);
  • wool;
  • yarn;
  • skin;
  • milk.

In 90% of cases, sales wholesale (contract with wholesale buyers). The entrepreneur receives a permanent sales channel.

Attention! Profit is 20-30%, since prices are set minimal. Direct sales increases benefit to 40-65%, as cooperation takes place with retail customers.

Permanent sales channels:

  • restaurants;
  • Cafe;
  • recreation centers;
  • Catering points;
  • Shops and large networks;
  • Online trade.

It is recommended to open a bench for the sale of milk, meat, products from it or wool on a farm.

At the first stage, production equipment can be taken into lease. Save up to 50% of the cost will allow the purchase of used or with auction.

Sheepship: pros and cons

Household requires investments of material and physical. Choose sheeping as a business, weighing the pros and cons.

Sheep do not require specialized buildings
Sheep do not require specialized buildings

Before starting to compile a business plan, it is recommended that the content of sheep and rams is easier than the cattle, but large livestock gives more than the volume of meat and milk.

Sheep do not require specialized buildings - For their content, you can install a light carport with insulation in the compartment for newborns of the lambs.

Important! Pastures - a mandatory content element. In 50% of cases, they will have to sing them independently.

Pluses of content:

  • Growing does not require special knowledge;
  • The uterus is capable of bringing 2 offspring per year;
  • Animals are hardy, withstand the temperature differences;
  • fertility - 120-300% (depends on the breed);
  • Sheep has good and good health;
  • Types of products are diverse;
  • Possible installation (for fertilizers);

Cons of business:

  • One-time investment is 3-4 million rubles;
  • We need workers - 3-6 people;
  • Not all fertile lands can give a sufficient for the proceeding of the livestock of the crop;
  • the need to obtain a veterinary passport;
  • The area of ​​the fields and meadows for pastures should be 1-4 hectares (depending on the type of business);
  • Earth will have to buy or rent.

It is better to make a legal entity, as large organizations prefer to work with them . In regions such as Stavropol or the North Caucasus, it is practically impossible to choose a suitable area, since there shepherd has been developed strongly.

The best breeds of sheep for home breeding

It is necessary to form a herd so that the farmer can get not 1, and 2-3 types of products.

Sheep Romanovskaya breed
Sheep Romanovskaya breed

Breeds are divided into:

  • meat;
  • woolen;
  • milk;
  • meat-woolen;
  • Kurdyukny.

Meat varieties:

Sheep woolen breeds:

  • Caucasian;
  • Stavropol;
  • Altai.

Meat and woolen breeds (thin, durable wool):

  • Tien Shanskaya (long-haired);
  • Romney march (long-haired);
  • Russian long-haired;
  • North Caucasian (long-haired);
  • Lithuanian (short-haired);
  • Latvian (shorthair);
  • Georgian (half-rigorous);
  • Cygaic (from wool a high-quality carpet is obtained);
  • Karakulskaya (for the production of fur coats);
  • Estonian (short-haired).
It is better to make a legal entity, as large organizations prefer to work with them
It is better to make a legal entity, as large organizations prefer to work with them

Shepherd, formed from the Romanovskaya breed, will allow to obtain the rating (150%), meat and milk. This breed does not ill, does not require special content conditions - the perfect option for 1-2 years of entrepreneurship.

Dairy rocks:

  • Balabas;
  • Tushinsky;
  • Karachai.

Kurdyan breeds:

Feature - Sheep can reach weight indicators in 190-200 kg.

Room for content

If breeding is planned only for itself, the room may be small in the area
If breeding is planned only for itself, the room may be small in the area

Each animal in Otare should be warm. The premises for the content should be built with the fact that after the appearance of the lambs the livestock will increase by 2-4 times.

If the breeding is planned only for itself, then the room may be small in the area. For a flock of 100-300 goals you need to build a shepherd. In this case, the area is divided into animal pens, utility parts and a place where the kids will occur.

During the calculation of the area, it should be remembered that one kV should have 3 square meters. m. Temperature indicators optimal for Otar are + 5 ... + 10 degrees.

Winter requires additional insulation in the regions where in this period there are minus temperatures. Sheep need to put on the floor of the hay.

The location of the jamble must be isolated. The air temperature in it is + 10 ... + 18 degrees, therefore, additional insulation may be required or the installation of heaters operating from electricity.

Sheep content in summer season

In the summer season, it is possible to carry out grazing. Fresh grass is the basis of the diet for animals.

Pastures allocate:

  • Artificial (herbs are evyed by their own farmer);
  • Natural (grass grows with the usual way).

It is important to remember that some breeds are difficult to translate from the winter diet to the summer, and the farmer must change the feed gradually. Not all kinds of herbs are suitable for feeding sheep, so animals may have a problem with digesting food.

The content assumes that the grazing should be carried out according to the schedule - in the morning of 5-6 and 8-9 hours. Permanent content in stalls is assumed only for meat breeds.

Sheep content in the winter season

Feeding - hay with the addition of finished feed
Feeding - hay with the addition of finished feed

In winter, the sheep is contained in stalls. Feeding - hay with the addition of finished feed. In the harvesting of the hay, it should be borne in mind that 1 adult animal consumes 500 kg and 500 kg of silo, 500 g of concentrates.

If the hay is not enough, the diet can be replaced by 30% straw (wheat or oatmeal). Walking in the winter is not carried out. It is required to carry out additional insulation of the premises for sheep and lambs.

What to feed sheep?

In the summer of 80% of the time, animals spend on pastures and eat herbs and juicy types of feed. The feeding consists of corn silos and cereal hay.

Also in food include:

  • Vegetables (used fresh, unfinished or frozen, as vitamins are needed by animals);
  • grain mixtures;
  • salt;
  • phosphate;
  • bone flour;
  • Mel (it can be produced by a piece or finely grind and add to the feed mixture).

The rate of salt for adults - 10-15 g per day, lambs - 5-8 g. Mel is a source of calcium (should not be impurities).

In winter, in addition to the Seine, you need to give fresh vegetables:

  • carrots (young, stern);
  • beet (sugar, small size);
  • Beans (corn, peas - frozen).

Also used cake sunflower, bran. Water should be present without limitation.

Diet of module

Water must be present without limitation
Water must be present without limitation

Matters (born sheep) require high-quality and balanced in all parameters of feed.

Daily food consists of:

  • hay - 500 g;
  • legumes and straws - 0.5 kg;
  • Fresh vegetables - 3.5 kg.

In addition, the salt must be present in the diet - 15 g. The amount of hay is reduced and replaced with a feed in the same quantity 30 days before the appearance of the lambs.

After childbirth, the hay is introduced in an amount of 1 kg. Vegetables should be 4 kg, concentrated feed - 500 g (this is required to increase milk in the module).

Ration of young

In the first 5 days, the lamb feeds on milk. Discounts are made about the need from the bottle, special mixtures are added (by animal weight). When the age of young reaches 1 month, the feed becomes more diverse.

The concentrated feed is introduced - 50 g. In 2 months, its number increases to 150 g.

What is the sheep and fighting parasites

Sheep may get sick when they are long in the cheese or cold room . In this case, pneumonia can develop. Sheep begin to cough, appetite drops, respiratory processes are hampered.

Body temperature rises to 42-44 degrees. Treatment is made by antibiotics (biovit 80, bicillin, streptomycin). It is necessary to take care of Otaru, especially in the winter, from drafts, contain animals in warm and dryness.

The sheep can be sick with a scar meteorism. The disease is manifested by loss of appetite, nervousness, bloating. The reason is the wrong ration. Treatment is to introduce a gas-conductive tube (through the mouth) and puncturefront.

In the case of poisoning (poisonous plant), stomach washing.

Tiabendazole is given to fight parasites, external parasites are eliminated by combed.

Useful tips novice sheep

Sheep may get sick when they are long in the cheese or cold room
Sheep may get sick when they are long in the cheese or cold room

Interesting and important facts that a beginner sheepode should know about:

  • Oil in sheep is high - 3-5 lambs;
  • Births pass in 40 minutes, in 95% of cases of complications does not occur;
  • The first nutrition of the lamb should receive within 2 hours from the moment of birth;
  • acquire lambs aged 4 months;
  • The sheep is carried out from 1 year;
  • Baran is separated from the sheep in 5 months (animals are contained separately);
  • Feeding should be held 2 times a day.

Life expectancy

Biological capabilities allow the sheep to live to 25 years. In captivity, they live on average until 12-14 years old. The greatest productivity is fixed when age reaches 2-7 years - depends on the breed and the purpose of breeding.

Shearing

The haircut is carried out in spring and autumn. Simple and half-rigorous are not linked in summer. The lambs born in the spring should be striking one year after birth.

Important! 15-20 days after the haircut need to wash the sheep with a disinfectant.

Care of newborn lambs

The peculiarities of the care of newborn lambs are that they need to be wanted, slip the uterus. It carries out licking. The lamb must eat for 120 minutes after birth.

It is important to take into account that the uterus can only fade only 2 young. If there are 3-5, then the farmer must focus the rest of the bottle. The grass and vegetables are not given to newborn lambs.

Conclusion

Sheep breeding business requires knowledge and significant financial investments. On average, the herd will need to spend 2-3 million rubles - for the formation of the livestock (the costs of one-time).

It is advantageous to contain animals to obtain 2-3 types of products. To begin with, it is recommended to choose the Romanovsky species - the breed is undemanding to the content conditions.

The payback of investments is 2 years, the profitability of the business is 15-30% (it depends on the number of heads in the herd, the experience of the farmer, production methods of products, the number of its species).

Recommendation - Start breeding for yourself, get experience and knowledge in content and only then draw up documents and start business in this direction.

In Russia, they began to engage in the sheep in Russia, at the moment this type of animal husbandry already has its own traditions and well-established technologies. Sheep is rather unpretentious, allow to get wool, meat, fat and milk, which is why they are popular in those areas where there are suitable pastures.

Let's talk about the features of breeding sheep at home for beginners, about choosing rock, preparatory activities, rational feeding and care for health. Only with the right approach the case will make a profit.

Barman breeding

Biological features

The sheep is a representative of the playful genus of the rams of the family of the range. The average life expectancy of the animal is up to 25 years.

In fact, this term is much shorter:

  • When growing on meat, they live up to 1.5 years, further refilling is unprofitable;
  • The uterus grown for breeded breeding are used up to 10 years.

Sheep allow farmer to receive several products:

  • meat;
  • wool (used for the manufacture of warm clothing and felted shoes);
  • Milk (used in pure form or for cooking cheese).

Breeding benefits

Despite the fact that the sheep is considered a rather difficult direction of business, it has a mass of advantages.

Among the advantages:

  1. Fast weight set.
  2. The ability to receive offspring twice a year.
  3. Resistance to diseases.
  4. Sheeps are practically not afraid of temperature drops.
  5. Caring for the rams is much easier than concern for CRS.

In addition, novice farmers can take part in specialized government programs and to obtain either financing or loan on preferential terms to start their own business.

Disadvantages and possible difficulties

The shortcomings include:

  1. High cost of tribal animals. At the first stage of the business, there are serious costs.
  2. It is necessary for a pasture, which is also quite expensive.
  3. For a quick weight gain, animals need high-quality feed, which is an additional expense article.
  4. For profitability of the business, a rather large flock is necessary, hiring qualified personnel. But, if successful, the profitability indicator will be low, not more than 15-20%.
  5. Gradually falls demand for skins and wool, only meat is always in demand.

Everyone who decided to start their own business on sheep, should be remembered: almost all the profit gained in the first years will be spent on the development of the livestock.

Sheep content

Choosing a suitable breed

The cultivation of sheep begins with the choice of direction, that is, that product, which in the end wants to get a farmer. Based on this, preference is given to a particular group of rocks.

Meat

Different body weight and high weight gain. Sheep well adapt even to harsh conditions, they can fall out all year round, have strong immunity.

The main rocks include:

  • Romanovskaya;
  • Katumskaya;
  • West Siberian;
  • Kuibyshevskaya;
  • Karachay;
  • Frolovskaya;
  • North Caucasian;
  • Gorkovskaya;
  • Volgograd;
  • Dorper;
  • Suffolk;
  • Tashlin;
  • Buuby.

Breeding sheep

Meat-sail

Also known as Kurdyuknyh.

Popular rocks include:

  • Gissar;
  • Tajik;
  • Kalmytskaya;
  • Edilbaevskaya.

Thanks to Kurdjuky, such sheep allow salo, highly valued in cooking.

Sheep content

Dairy

Bred to obtain cheeses. Tribal sheep with proper care are capable of giving up to 700 liters of fat (7%) milk per year.

Sheep breeds are as follows:

  • Zvartbles;
  • East Frisian.

For home sheep, the breed is practically not used.

Breeding sheep

Shersty

Sheep allow you to get high-quality wool.

The main rocks are:

  • Grozny;
  • Merinoland;
  • Karakul;
  • Tushinsky;
  • Lincoln;
  • Caucasian.

From one animal you can get from 2 to 23 kg of wool per year. Sheep hardy and unpretentious, give not only wool, but also high-quality delicious meat.

how to breed sheep

Recommendations for newcomers

Beginner it is better to choose universal options:

  1. Romanov sheep. Productive, multiplodes, undemanding in care, can be divorced in regions with different climatic conditions. In 6 months, the lambs reach 35 kg, adult rams weigh up to 100 kg, sheep - about 50 kg.
  2. Gorky. They differ in strong immunity, quickly gain muscle mass. Adult ram weighs up to 100 kg, sheep - about 80 kg.
  3. Kuibyshevsky. May be contained on pasture year-round, the ram reaches 100 kg, a sheep - 70 kg. The weight of 30 kg of a lamb reaches at 4 months, and at 6 months ready for a caution.

Breeding sheep at home for beginners

Building Shepherny.

If in the summer to keep the sheep on the pasture, then for the winter you need to build a shepherd for them, the temperature in which should not be descended below + 7-10 ° C. Usually for such buildings use brick or wood.

Requirements for the room

Get acquainted with the key rules of the shepherdie arrangement:

  1. Good lighting. The windows must be approximately 1/15 part of the walls of the walls. In the dark, artificial lamps are used.
  2. Dimensions are determined based on the quantity and age of animals. On a lamb need not less than 0.7 m 2spaces on adult ram - at least 3 m 2. Females with the ranks need 2.5 m 2.
  3. The floor is only solid, most often made of clay, straw is laid on top.
  4. Mandatory ventilation.
  5. If the shepherd is small, it is enough to make one door with a width of 1.5 m. In large rooms, a bivalve gate is installed at the entrance and internal doors.

Feeders and drinkers

The easiest option is a long feeder, installed along the stall, for each sheep should have 35 cm lengths. It should be equipped with a grid that protects food from pulling, but will allow animals to surpage the head. Wooden troughs and small containers for mineral additives will also be required.

The volume of the drilling should be impressive, at least 10 liters per day on the head.

Sheep content

Necessary equipment and inventory

Beginning shepherd will need:

  • Inventory for cutting carcass;
  • haircut equipment;
  • Refrigerators (allow saving meat);
  • Cargo vehicle or tractor (needed with more than 300 heads).

Organization of the walking site

If the sheep is grown in the pens, and not in pastures, then to obtain the necessary fresh air it is necessary to organize the flowing pad. These herbivores need active movement, because they weaken the muscles without walking.

The flow area should be 2-4 m 2On each individual. It is important to establish a metal or wooden fencing with a height of 1.5 m. Walking to the sheep should be both in summer and in winter (with the exception of strong frosts).

grow sheep at home

Vetaptery

It should be in it:

  • antihistamines;
  • sprays for the treatment of external skin damage;
  • means from hoofed rot (Kubatol, dead);
  • enema;
  • syringes;
  • wool and bandages;
  • harness.

In the absence of experience independently engage in the treatment of animals, it is unacceptable, you should contact the veterinarian.

Sheepading at home

Content and care

Get acquainted with some recommendations of experienced sheepodes.

Types of content

Dilute sheep at home can be three ways:

  1. Pasture. In the southern regions, its duration is 10-11 months, in the middle lane - 5-7 months. It is considered the best view to achieve maximum animal productivity and product quality.
  2. Stall, in sheepskins.
  3. Combined.

In case of grazing content, it is very important to choose the right pasture, which can be natural and artificial. The best is considered steppe, mountain and short (natural) or artificial with many years of grass. The most valuable plants are alfalfa, drinking, oatmeal, white clover.

Care in spring, summer, autumn

The newcomers will best suit the pasture-stall method, allowing animals to be outdoors and indoors.

The day of the day for Otara can be as follows:

  1. 5:00 - sending to the pasture.
  2. 12:00 - Return to the stall for watering.
  3. 15:00 - Second shipment to the pasture.
  4. 23:00 - Return to the stall for the night.

Winter

In the cold season, the animals contained in the stalls suffer from excessive humidity and drafts. Therefore, you should prepare the room to wintering in advance, close the gaps and set the floor with clean straw. Do not forget that even during the winter months, the rams need clean air, so the stall or shed necessarily ventilated.

Also winter care for sheep livestock should include:

  • timely cleaning of manure;
  • Feeding three times a day (in the morning - rough, lunch - juicy, dinner - concentrated feed);
  • Pointing, preferably from heated drinking, strictly after feeding;
  • Pruning hoofs (every 6 weeks);
  • Caring for health, quarantine of sick animals.

Barman breeding

Features of the care of young

The lambs are best grown under the uterus at least 4 months, feed it with milk, without transferring to artificial feeding. In a room where the young one is contained, it should be warm and clean, animals need to provide round-the-clock access to water.

Those who have reached 4 months are translated into a separate pen.

Growing sheep

Feeding

For animals gain weight and maintain health, you need to feed them well.

General information about the diet

In the summer period, sheep should be abundantly feeding herbs, not excluding spines and weeds. It is very important to prevent the random huge hit with dew or after the rain, as it can lead to scar scarf. For feeding at the end of the summer, hay are used.

Also animals need mineral supplements:

  • Calcium source, chalk;
  • salt (at least 10 g per day on a ram or sheep and 5 g - on a lamb);
  • Bone meat flour;
  • bone ash.

The basis of the winter ration - hay (preferably leguminous plants).

In addition, sheeps give:

  • Vegetables (carrots, beets, pumpkin, potatoes, zucchini);
  • cereals;
  • Wheat bran.

To increase dairy and meat productivity, silo, mixed with a bean hay or coarse feed, should be used. Free access should always be a drinking bowl with clean water, in winter - necessarily heated.

The transition from grass on the hay and, on the contrary, should be smooth and carried out for at least a week. Otherwise, the risk of a gastrointestinal disorder is great.

Sheep content

Matties

Sygoal uterus should be fed by balanced high-quality feeds, a month to a decrease in the amount of hay in the diet, replacing it with a feed. Societary feed is needed - sources of vitamins. After a still, the value of the hay increases.

The organism of the sumps is exhausted, so it is necessary to give them salt-lisunets. An approximate number of additives for SOI and lactating females is presented in the table.

Sheep content

Young

The first week after birth is the time when newborn feeds with maternal milk. If the uterus abandoned the offspring, then it is permissible to offer kids children's mixtures and cow's milk.

The dairy period continues until the young age has been achieved by the age of 2 months, after which it is necessary to translate animals for a two-time nutrition.

Baranov

It is very important that manufacturers receive all the necessary vitamins and substances, as this will directly affect the quality of sperm.

The diet of the ram for a day:

  • hay - 2 kg;
  • juicy feed (vegetables, herbs, silage) - 3 kg;
  • Grain, cake, feed feed - 0.6 kg.

During the percentage period, the diet changes, increasing the number of concentrates to 1.4 kg per day and reducing the amount of hay to 1.5 kg, and vegetables - up to 0.5 kg. In addition, 2 chicken eggs and cottage cheese are given to increase the energy of males, as well as mineral supplements.

Barman breeding

What can not be given

There are some types of herbs that are poisonous, as well as individual plants.

It is forbidden to give the sheep the following plants:

  • Duman;
  • henbane;
  • celandine;
  • Boligols;
  • spurge;
  • lily of the valley;
  • growing in wetlands (reed, horsetail);
  • sugar beet;
  • Sour cereals (sitnik, s).

In addition, it is impossible to feed sheep hay with places of mold, spanked products, green potatoes, bread and baking.

Growing sheep

Using

The content of sheep involves their mandatory haircut, as well as a hammer.

A haircut

To remove the fleece with coarse and semi -rugated rocks begin in the first weeks of spring, the repeated fence of the wool is carried out in the fall. The finest breeds will cut once a year, more often - in the spring, as they are not subject to molt. The first fence of wool in spring lambs occurs in a year, in the winter - autumn. Strengthening always before walking and feeding.

In the process, it is necessary to ensure that the wool does not moisturize, and after 14 days of animals are treated with disinfectants for the prevention of diseases.

Note

This is the most unpleasant stage of home breeding rams, but necessary. The technology will not cause special difficulties, since the sheep is distinguished by a calm peace-loving temper and completely do not feel danger, unlike other farm animals.

There are two types of slaughter:

  • in a lying position;
  • in hanging condition.

Most often use a second way to save both meat and a skin.

A month before the collection of selected animals, it is cut, per day is separated from octara, they stop their feeding, but it is not recommended to limit in water.

It is important to kill the animal quickly, the delay will negatively affect the quality of meat.

After slaughtering the carcass, blood is descended, removed the skin, carefully remove the internal organs and separated. It is not recommended to cut out, since large pieces of lamb are stored much longer.

sheep at home

Breeding

The most important stage of sheep fell at home is to obtain offspring. This is not an easy business, requires a farmer special knowledge and experience.

Signs of Techka

These include:

  • Selection of sex loop mucus;
  • Redness and swelling vulva.

Animals selected for the conversion should be normal fat. Exhaustion, as well as obesity, is unacceptable.

Recommendations for holding

Getting healthy offspring will help the right diet of the lamb, diverse and rich in minerals. Baranas producers give crushed oats, barley and good hay, feed salt.

The concern is carried out in the period from August to mid-January. However, it is important to take into account the features of your region and conduct it at a time when it is possible to give animals a variety of feed. Baranov let me in the daytime during the daytime, at night they are translated into a separate trick for recreation.

Breeding sheep

Preparation for the skate

Sheep's pregnancy duration - 142-150 days, in this period it is important to provide animals with high-quality balanced nutrition, clean water, follow the state of health.

Preparation includes:

  1. Approximately 10 days before the apartment, to remove indoors: Clean the floor from manure, lay a new litter.
  2. Cut the wool in the uterus in the area of ​​the anal hole and genitals.

Permissible temperature indoor for the jamble - 15-17 ° C.

Lambing

The sheep can give birth both lying and standing. That is why it is necessary to prepare a thick layer in advance: it will help the newborn to avoid injury. Birth lasts about 45-60 minutes and, as a rule, sheep do not need human participation. After the birth of the offspring, the farmer need to check the integrity of the placenta released and give the water to the water.

The lambs clean the respiratory tract from mucus, then wipe them and give lick the uterus. It is important to trace the kids as quickly as possible a colostrum. One sheep can irrigate no more than two young, so if they were born more, it is necessary to prepare for artificial feeding.

sheep at home

Diseases

It is very important to take care of the health of the livestock, take timely measures in case of the disease. Of course, not every shepherd-novice has a veterinary education, but anyone should understand the first symptoms of diseases.

These include:

  • increasing body temperature;
  • twitching ears;
  • loss of appetite;
  • Small weight loss;
  • Light chromota;
  • cough.

If the animal lies on Earth and cannot rise - this is a serious sign that says that sheep at death.

Diseases and their treatment

The most frequent diseases of sheep include:

  1. Pneumonia. Antibiotics are used to treat, for the prevention of sheepskin, the sheeparte is regularly ventilated and protected from drafts.
  2. Inflammation of the pulp. In damaged hoofs are purulent bacteria that cause chromotypes. Rota should be cut off, and the diet of animals do to diversify and enrich mineral additives.
  3. Skeleton dystrophy. Caused by lack of vitamin E.
  4. Meteorism scar. The main reason is a violation in the feeding of the animal. Easy the condition of the sheep will help the introduction of a gas-conductive tube or a puncture of the scar, performed by a professional veterinarian.
  5. Poisoning of poisonous herbs. It is treated with washing the stomach of glaublery salt and vegetable oil.
  6. Without sickness. The reason is the eating of its own wool in those periods when the animal lacks nutrients in the stern.

Breeding sheep

Individual diseases are most dangerous.

Here they are:

  • Listeriosis;
  • Brazot;
  • Pastellosis;
  • enterotoxy;
  • OSP;
  • rabies;
  • brucellosis;
  • hyperplasia;
  • salmonellosis;
  • lush;
  • anthrax;
  • mastitis.

Many diseases are not treatable, therefore it is important to conduct vaccination of the livestock. If the sheep fell ill, it is immediately isolated.

The most common cause of infectious diseases is a violation of the conditions of content and feeding.

sheep at home

Fighting parasites

Many of the sheep helminths are dangerous for a person, so it is necessary to conduct timely processing of animals.

To the number of diseases caused by worms include:

  • Faciolesis;
  • dicroceliosis;
  • Echinococcosis;
  • Hemchoz;
  • moniasis;
  • Curzenosis.

For treatment, the prescribed drug is used for treatment, in order to prevent degelmintion, they monitor the hygiene stall and animal feeding.

Sheepading at home

Sheep breeding business plan

Sheeping is an exciting family business that requires impressive labor costs. In addition, serious investments are needed for maintenance and breeding. Consider a business plan with calculations on the example of the Romanan breed of sheep.

Expenses

Get acquainted with the main expenses to which you need to be prepared when making a decision on the creation of your own sheep farm.

Here they are:

  1. Buying a farm (building) - 500,000 rubles.
  2. Farm improvement, repair / reconstruction of shepherds - 1,800 000 rub.
  3. Purchase of animals - 750,000 rubles. (Of them: shemate - 100 heads 6000 rubles, producers - 5 heads 30,000 rubles).
  4. Preparation of pasture (seeding grass, construction of fences, construction of the head) - 500 000 rubles.
  5. Purchase of transport (Tractor MPZ) - 1,500,000 rubles.
  6. Acquisition of instruments, inventory - 200,000 rubles.
  7. Food reserves, straw - 300,000 rubles.
  8. Additional costs - 50,000 rubles.

TOTAL - 5 600 000 RUB.

In addition, it is necessary to take into account and current costs.

Here they are:

  1. Warm to workers - 520,000 rubles.
  2. Communal payments - 75,000 rubles.
  3. Feed - 200,000 rubles.
  4. Transport costs - 100,000 rubles.
  5. Veterinary service - 100,000 rubles.

TOTAL - 995 000 rub. in year.

The calculation is made taking into account the fact that part of the feed can be saved on the pasture in the summer period. The number of employees who will take care of the livestock - three.

sheep at home

Profit and payback

To understand whether homemade dilution of sheep will be favorable, it is necessary to carry out the planned profit. The average price kilogram of lamb is 350 rubles. In addition, additional income can be obtained from the sale of young lambs weighing up to 15 kg.

Based on this, the revenue will be like:

  1. First year - sale tons of lamb for 350,000 rubles.
  2. Starting from the second year - Sale 5 tons of lamb for 1 750,000 rubles. And 100 goals of tribal brights for 600,000 rubles.

From the second year, revenue will be 2,350,000 rubles.

Profit in the second year is equal: 2 350 000 - 995 000 = 1 355 000 rub. From this amount, the amount of taxes and insurance premiums should be subtracted (depending on the chosen tax system), it will be net profit.

The payback period of the sheepferm is about two years.

However, it is important to remember that such a development of events is possible only if there is demand in a particular region.

breeding sheep for beginners

Selection of product sales channels

It can be:

  • Restaurants and cafes;
  • Market merchants;
  • trade fairs;
  • the shops.

It is best to focus on long-term cooperation and sell meat wholesale parties.

Sheepading at home

Video

In the next video, it is described in detail about the experience of the sheep's content.

From the next video you will learn how to take birth at the shemate.

In this video, you can see how the sheep is properly cut.

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