Source photo: shutterstock.com
Source photo: shutterstock.com All mothers are soon or later faced with such a phenomenon as children's diarrhea, or simply diarrhea. The reason can be like banal poisoning, which quickly passes and does not carry heavy consequences and various infections. They can lead to depletion, dehydration and avitaminosis of the children's body. Therefore, parents should be vigilant and carefully follow the condition of the child. First of all, let's figure out which condition of the chair is considered to be a deviation from the norm. With diarrhea, the separation is liquid, may contain remnants of undigested food and mucus. The number of federations increases and sometimes reaches 10-12 times a day. The most frequent causes of diarrhea in children: Too fast passage of food through the intestines as a result of the peristaltic disturbance. Inflammatory processes in the intestine. Allocation of too much inflammatory secret. Violation of water absorption with intestinal walls. The main symptoms of diarrhea are liquid stools and sharply increased frequency of detergents. In addition, you can detect the child's bloating and rumbling. If the baby complains about thread and pain in the area of the intestines, he dramatically rises the temperature - this may be a sign that infection has appeared in the body. Her most frequent pathogens: Rotavirus; enterovirus; Astrovirus. They fall into the child's body through dirty fruits and vegetables, unbearable hands, products that have not passed the necessary heat treatment. The incubation period is 7-10 days, in some cases it can stretch to 2-3 weeks. Source photo: shutterstock.com The main symptoms of viral infection: diarrhea; stomach ache; Increased temperature; vomiting. If you suspect your child a similar infection, you should not deal with self-medication. Be sure to consult a children's doctor who will give an accurate diagnosis, and then prescribes treatment. Diet with viral infection includes: Abundant drink. You can use both ordinary warm water and non-carbonated mineral. They will save the baby from dehydration and help the body get rid of toxins. Moderate nutrition in diarrhea in children. Let's talk about what you can eat a child with diarrhea. Well, if on the first day of the disease, the baby will refrain from eating at all. If it is difficult to do it, then carefully make sure that the diet is complied with the child's diarrhea. Exclude fried and fat dishes, as well as fruits and dairy products. Experts recommend feeding a child in small portions. It can be dietary meat broths, porridge, kefir and other fermented milk products. May appear if: You have introduced new products into the diet; He ate something nestable or not intended for meals (grass on the street, chalk, etc.). At the same time, the child has a stool, bloating, unscrews in the stomach may appear. But the process is not accompanied by high temperatures or vomiting. Treatment includes the reception of adsorbing preparations and additives that restore the intestinal microflora. The fact that you can eat a child with diarrhea, we told a little higher. This is a frequent phenomenon when moving from thoracic / artificial feeding to additional lures. The most frequent causative agent is a cow's milk. Among other products that can cause diarrhea are: eggs, nuts, chicken and fish. In case of food allergies, the child appears diarrhea, bloating, sharp pain in the intestinal area. In some cases, vomiting may occur, swelling and urticaria appear. If you observe similar symptoms - contact your pediatrician. He will inspect, and will also appoint additional consultations with an allergist and a gastroenterologist, if he deems necessary. If the child uses antibiotics and diarrhea appeared - most likely suffers from the microflora of his intestines. In this case, it is not necessary to independently stop taking medication. It is best to change food by including fermented milk products, dietary broths and eggs. And also consult with your doctor. Source photo: shutterstock.com During diarrhea, it is worth excluding fried, sharp and salty dishes from the children's menu. Remove sausages from diet and other smoked meats, mushrooms, heavy meat and fish. Prefer the turkey and rabbit preference. Do not give the baby fresh fruits and vegetables, as they can cause bloating. Temporarily eliminate fresh bread and other baking, milk and dairy products, eggs. Canned food, sweets, fast food, soda, fresh juices are also banned. Do not give the child an acidic fruit teas, ragners of a rosehip, a mixture of herbs, strong tea or coffee. They can enhance the intestinal peristalsis and cause unnecessary complications. Regardless of the type of diarrhea, the child during defecation loses a lot of water, whose balance must be filled. You can drink slightly salted or mineral water. You can use the "regider". It is worth excluding from the menu with a diarrhea in a child, sweet drinks, soda, strong tea, juices, cow's milk. If the child is small, it gives 50-70 ml of fluid after each hike in the toilet "in large". Children over 1 years old are usually already able to drink themselves. Let them consume so much fluid as they themselves want. After the signs of diarrhea passed, it is worth returning the child to the usual nutrition, but gradually. It is important to help the body fully recover. Let the power be frequent, and the portions are small. So far, do not enter roasted and salty in the diet. The best option will be dishes cooked for a pair and boiled. The food must be easy and useful. Temporarily eliminate the gas meter, mushrooms, artificial sweets, smoked, fast food and heavy dishes. The menu you can enable lightweight soups, low-fat varieties of meat and fish. They are rich in fiber and useful substances, but do not overload the intestines. Rice and oatmeal with an excellent reducing effect: they envelop the intestinal walls and restore the digestion. Do not give the baby. Fresh bread and bread rolls, bow to breadcrumbs or yesterday's baking. Exclude the scrambled eggs, cook the diet omelet to the child instead. Boiled / stewed potatoes, pumpkin, carrots and zucchini. Perfectly normalize chair baked apples. Useful bananas. Assistant in the restoration of the body will be kiseline and dairy products. The main and most frequent cause of the diarrhea is non-compliance with the rules of hygiene. Therefore, it is important: Teach a child to wash your hands carefully. The process should take about 15-20 seconds. Show him on my example what and how to do. Use the soap, process the entire surface of the hands, including the surface between your fingers and their tips. Teach the child to wash your hands right after the street, before each meal and after visiting the toilet. Carefully wash the fruits and vegetables. You can use special tools for this. Magnify greens in water before using it in salads and other dishes. Expose products with careful heat treatment. Make sure that the child does not pull in the mouth all in a row during walks and games at home. Increase the baby's immunity, let's vitamins and minerals. Let its nutrition be full and balanced.
Causes of diarrhea in children
What to feed the child with diarrhea?
Diarrhea caused by food allergies
Diarrhea from antibiotics
Nutrition in diarrhea in children
Diet after diarrhea
Source photo: shutterstock.com
All mothers are soon or later faced with such a phenomenon as children's diarrhea, or simply diarrhea. The reason can be like banal poisoning, which quickly passes and does not carry heavy consequences and various infections. They can lead to depletion, dehydration and avitaminosis of the children's body.
Therefore, parents should be vigilant and carefully follow the condition of the child.
First of all, let's figure out which condition of the chair is considered to be a deviation from the norm. With diarrhea, the separation is liquid, may contain remnants of undigested food and mucus. The number of federations increases and sometimes reaches 10-12 times a day.
The most frequent causes of diarrhea in children:
Too fast passage of food through the intestines as a result of the peristaltic disturbance.
Inflammatory processes in the intestine.
Allocation of too much inflammatory secret.
Violation of water absorption with intestinal walls.
The main symptoms of diarrhea are liquid stools and sharply increased frequency of detergents. In addition, you can detect the child's bloating and rumbling. If the baby complains about thread and pain in the area of the intestines, he dramatically rises the temperature - this may be a sign that infection has appeared in the body.
Her most frequent pathogens:
They fall into the child's body through dirty fruits and vegetables, unbearable hands, products that have not passed the necessary heat treatment.
The incubation period is 7-10 days, in some cases it can stretch to 2-3 weeks.
Source photo: shutterstock.com
The main symptoms of viral infection:
If you suspect your child a similar infection, you should not deal with self-medication. Be sure to consult a children's doctor who will give an accurate diagnosis, and then prescribes treatment.
Diet with viral infection includes:
You can use both ordinary warm water and non-carbonated mineral. They will save the baby from dehydration and help the body get rid of toxins.
Moderate nutrition in diarrhea in children.
Let's talk about what you can eat a child with diarrhea.
Well, if on the first day of the disease, the baby will refrain from eating at all. If it is difficult to do it, then carefully make sure that the diet is complied with the child's diarrhea.
Exclude fried and fat dishes, as well as fruits and dairy products. Experts recommend feeding a child in small portions. It can be dietary meat broths, porridge, kefir and other fermented milk products.
May appear if:
You have introduced new products into the diet;
He ate something nestable or not intended for meals (grass on the street, chalk, etc.).
At the same time, the child has a stool, bloating, unscrews in the stomach may appear. But the process is not accompanied by high temperatures or vomiting.
Treatment includes the reception of adsorbing preparations and additives that restore the intestinal microflora.
The fact that you can eat a child with diarrhea, we told a little higher.
This is a frequent phenomenon when moving from thoracic / artificial feeding to additional lures.
The most frequent causative agent is a cow's milk. Among other products that can cause diarrhea are: eggs, nuts, chicken and fish.
In case of food allergies, the child appears diarrhea, bloating, sharp pain in the intestinal area. In some cases, vomiting may occur, swelling and urticaria appear.
If you observe similar symptoms - contact your pediatrician. He will inspect, and will also appoint additional consultations with an allergist and a gastroenterologist, if he deems necessary.
If the child uses antibiotics and diarrhea appeared - most likely suffers from the microflora of his intestines.
In this case, it is not necessary to independently stop taking medication. It is best to change food by including fermented milk products, dietary broths and eggs. And also consult with your doctor.
Source photo: shutterstock.com
During diarrhea, it is worth excluding fried, sharp and salty dishes from the children's menu.
Remove sausages from diet and other smoked meats, mushrooms, heavy meat and fish. Prefer the turkey and rabbit preference.
Do not give the baby fresh fruits and vegetables, as they can cause bloating.
Temporarily eliminate fresh bread and other baking, milk and dairy products, eggs.
Canned food, sweets, fast food, soda, fresh juices are also banned.
Do not give the child an acidic fruit teas, ragners of a rosehip, a mixture of herbs, strong tea or coffee. They can enhance the intestinal peristalsis and cause unnecessary complications.
Regardless of the type of diarrhea, the child during defecation loses a lot of water, whose balance must be filled.
You can drink slightly salted or mineral water. You can use the "regider".
It is worth excluding from the menu with a diarrhea in a child, sweet drinks, soda, strong tea, juices, cow's milk.
If the child is small, it gives 50-70 ml of fluid after each hike in the toilet "in large". Children over 1 years old are usually already able to drink themselves. Let them consume so much fluid as they themselves want.
After the signs of diarrhea passed, it is worth returning the child to the usual nutrition, but gradually. It is important to help the body fully recover.
Let the power be frequent, and the portions are small. So far, do not enter roasted and salty in the diet. The best option will be dishes cooked for a pair and boiled.
The food must be easy and useful.
Temporarily eliminate the gas meter, mushrooms, artificial sweets, smoked, fast food and heavy dishes.
The menu you can enable lightweight soups, low-fat varieties of meat and fish. They are rich in fiber and useful substances, but do not overload the intestines.
Rice and oatmeal with an excellent reducing effect: they envelop the intestinal walls and restore the digestion.
Do not give the baby. Fresh bread and bread rolls, bow to breadcrumbs or yesterday's baking.
Exclude the scrambled eggs, cook the diet omelet to the child instead.
Boiled / stewed potatoes, pumpkin, carrots and zucchini. Perfectly normalize chair baked apples. Useful bananas.
Assistant in the restoration of the body will be kiseline and dairy products.
The main and most frequent cause of the diarrhea is non-compliance with the rules of hygiene. Therefore, it is important:
Teach a child to wash your hands carefully. The process should take about 15-20 seconds. Show him on my example what and how to do. Use the soap, process the entire surface of the hands, including the surface between your fingers and their tips.
Teach the child to wash your hands right after the street, before each meal and after visiting the toilet.
Carefully wash the fruits and vegetables. You can use special tools for this. Magnify greens in water before using it in salads and other dishes.
Expose products with careful heat treatment.
Make sure that the child does not pull in the mouth all in a row during walks and games at home.
Increase the baby's immunity, let's vitamins and minerals. Let its nutrition be full and balanced.
Diets with diarrhea in children (№4, 46, 4V)
In the intestinal diseases, which are accompanied by diarrhea (diarrhea) in children apply diet No. 4, No. 4 6 and No. 4 V.
Diet number 4.
General characteristics of diet number 4
Diet number 4. Designed to maintain the functional activity of the intestines and related bodies that are involved in the pathological process. This diet reduces fermentation and rotting processes and inflammation in the intestine. Table number 4 involves restricting the use of carbohydrates, fats, salt. The energy value (calirage) of the diet must be reduced by about 20%. From the diet of the child, the stimulants of intestinal peristals, chemical, mechanical, thermal stimuli of the secretion of digestive glands are excluded. It is also impossible to eat those dishes and products that enhance rotting and fermentation. The diet is considered physiologically defective.
What can be used at diet # 4?
1. Porridge on the water from all types of croup in the witch form, except for millet and pearl
2. Eggs in the composition of dishes
3. Fresh cottage cheese
4. Meat and fish boiled crushed
5. mucous cereal soups on weak meat or fish broth
7. Ripe sweet fruits and berries in the composition of jelly or jelly
8. Butter cream in finished dishes
9. Radars of rosehip and blueberries
10. Wheat crackers thin cutting
What can not be used at diet # 4?
- Whole milk
- Equal milk drinks
- Vegetables in any form
- Raw berries and fruits
- Solutions, Marinades, Smoked
- Vegetable oil
- Dried fruits
- Carbonated drinks
All dishes with diet №4 for a child should be boiled or cooked for a pair, rubbed or purried. It is impossible to eat food, which is colder than 15 ° C or hot 62 ° C. The child should eat fractionally, eat food 6-7 times a day.
Diet 4 is prescribed for a period of 1-3 days, while the child has profuse diarins. After improving the child, they are transferred to the diet (table) No. 46.
Diet number 46.
General characteristics of diet number 46
Diet number 46. Designed to reduce the inflammatory process, normalizing the intestinal functional activity, secretion of digestive glands. Dishes with diet 46 have moderate spare on the baby's mucous membrane. The diet contains the physiological portion of nutrients, provides sufficient energy value, limits the use of stimulants of intestinal peristals, chemical, mechanical and thermal stimuli of the secretion of digestive glands of all levels.
What can be used at diet number 46?
1. The same assortment that when diet №4
2. Porridge consisting of milk on 1/3
3. Non-starny cheese
4. Local beverages with low acidity
5. Sweet fruits and berries, past heat treatment and poured
6. Water and souffle boiled vegetables
7. Fruit and berry juices (before use is diluted with boiled water 1: 1)
8. Boiled vermiscel
9. Sweets: Marshmallow, Marmalade, Dry Cookies, Dry Biscuit, Fastille
11. Wheat dried bread
12. Cruising soups (rubbed)
What can not be used at diet number 46?
- Fatty grade meat, fish, birds
- Bread of coarse grinding
- Eggs welded hard and fried
- Milk in natural form
- Belochane cabbage
- Grapes, plums, apricots, melons
- Marinades, smoked
The temperature of the allowed food and methods of culinary development are similar to those with a diet 4. Drink fractionally, 5-6 times a day. The diet is scheduled for different time - as directed by the doctor. On average, it ranges from 10 to 12 days. As soon as the patient's condition has become better, it feeds according to diet No. 4B (rubbed or unzopped version).
Diet number 4V.
Diet number 4V. It is necessary to maintain the disturbed functions of the gastrointestinal tract organs involved in the pathological process. This diet contains the physiological norm of nutrients, are moderately limited by chemical and mechanical irritants of the mucous membrane. It is impossible to use products provoking rotting and fermentation in the intestines, and those that stimulate the secretion of digestive glands.
What can be used with diet # 4B?
1. Products and dishes, as with diet 46
2. Crumpled Pasta Pasta
3. Rated white cabbage
4. Porridge prepared on milk and water 1: 1
5. Ripe berries and fruits are only sweet (they are consumed by raw, removing the peel, the exception is only forbidden berries and fruits - grapes, plums, apricots)
6. Water divided by 1/3 fruit-berry juices
7. Vegetable oil consisting of dishes
8. Movered herring
9. Non-fat sausages
10. Surrogate coffee
What can not be used at diet # 4B?
- Fatty meat varieties
- Fatty bird and fish
- Raw and welded screwed eggs
- Cold and carbonated drinks
Food must be prepared for a pair, boiled or baked. Power Mode and Food Temperature - As at Desk №46. 4B diets need to stick to 1-3 years or more - depends on each specific case. In the period of payment of compensation in the absence of accompanying gastritis and gastroduodenites, diseases of the hepatobiliary system can be applied with an indiscriminate diet No. 2. In the irritated stomach syndrome, Diet No. 2 is prescribed not earlier than 2 years by resistivity.
Patients who also have diseases of biliary tract and liver throughout life should be powered according to the rules of diet No. 4B.
But if you do not take the necessary measures in time, it can lead to dehydration of the body and other negative health consequences that are especially dangerous for children and people of old age.
What is diarrhea?
Diarrhea in adults and children over 1 year call frequent (from three times a day or more) liquid stools. In infants, the amount of emptying should be equal to the number of feedings, so they diarrhea is characterized by an increase in the frequency of the chair and the change in its consistency (watery).
In adults, diarrhea is often accompanied by one or more of the listed symptoms:
- Spasms and abdominal pain - usually occur in food poisoning or diarrhea caused by microbes;
- Blood or mucus in feces;
- Nausea and vomiting nausea, vomiting - so the body is trying to get rid of toxins allocated by pathogenic microorganisms in the intestine;
- The belching with a rotten smell is observed at diarrhea caused by the disadvantage of digestive enzymes;
- dehydration - due to inflammation of the intestinal walls caused by infection, they cannot effectively suck water;
- Increased body temperature with diarrhea often talks about its infectious nature or food poisoning.
Depending on the duration, the diarrhea happens:
- acute - lasts 1-2 days and passes by itself. It is much more common to other species;
- Subacute - lasts from two to four weeks;
- Chronic - lasts at least four weeks. Symptoms of chronic diarrhea can disappear for a while, and then appear again.
The protracted diarrhea without adequate therapy can be dangerous with its complications - dehydration and impaired nutrient absorption. This is due to the rapid reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms in the intestine. They distinguish toxins that cause irritation and inflammation of its walls. As a result, the absorption of water and nutrients is disturbed, so the body cannot function normally.
The main symptoms of dehydration in adults include:
Symptoms of dehydration in children:
- lack of tears during crying;
- reducing the frequency of urination;
- dry skin;
- Split eyes and springs.
What could be diarrhea?
Diarrhea is a sign of malfunction in the body, so before starting treatment, you need to find out the reason for its occurrence. Diarrhea can cause:
- Viral infections (cytomegalovirus, viral hepatitis, rotavirus and others). Coronavirus infection ( How to protect yourself from coronavirus? COVID-19) can also cause diarrhea, which is often accompanied by nausea and vomiting;
- Bacterial and parasitic infections (intestinal wand, Amebiaz and others). Sources of infection are polluted by pathogenic microorganisms water and food, as well as unmeed hands. For the same reasons, the "traveler diarrhea" arises. In countries with a hot and humid climate, the microbes in water and food breed especially quickly, so the use of water from under the tap, unwashed vegetables and fruits or poorly roasted meat can cause intestinal disorders;
- Reception of some drugs. Antibiotics are often the cause of diarrhea, as they destroy not only pathogenic microorganisms, but also useful intestinal microflora - probiotics, thereby disrupting the natural balance. Diarrhea can also cause drugs for the treatment of cancer and antacids containing magnesium (means that reduces the acidity of gastric juice). The latter, with excessive taking, enhance the intestinal motor function - water does not have time to absorb its walls, so diarrhea is developing;
- The intolerance to the lactose - sugar contained in milk and other dairy products. In people suffering from lactose intolerance, the use of dairy products cause diarrhea. With age, food intolerance is enhanced, since the number of enzymes that split milk sugar decreases;
- fructose intolerance - natural sugar contained in fruits, honey, as well as ready-made foods as a sweetener (can be designated on a label as highly phuto corn syrup);
- Gluten intolerance in children - how to reveal and what to do The intolerance to gluten is a protein contained in wheat, barley and rye. This hereditary disease is called celiac disease or gluten enteropathy;
- Excessive use of products containing artificial sugar substitutes - sorbitol, mannitis and xylitol. They are added to chewing gums and lollipops without sugar;
- Transferred operation on the abdominal organs - appendix, bustling bubble, colon, liver, pancreas, small intestine, spleen or stomach;
- Other disorders of digestion. Chronic diarrhea can be caused by crown disease, ulcerative colitis and irritable intestinal syndrome.
What can be used in diarrhea?
To reduce the manifestations of diarrhea, it is recommended to eat soft, starchy food that will be easy to digest and absorb water well. Diet with diarrhea involves the use of the following products:
- boiled or baked pork, beef, chicken or turkey, fish;
- boiled eggs;
- low-fat milk, yogurt, cheese (with severe diarrhea, they are recommended to refuse at least a few days);
- Products made of white flour of the highest grade - pasta, bread, pancakes, gallery cookies;
- Crupes - white rice, oatmeal;
- corn bread and flakes;
- Fresh apples puree;
- Stew vegetables - carrots, podlock beans, peeled zucchini peeled;
- Baked potatoes or mashed potatoes;
- Fruit jelly, sherbet.
There is often often 5-6 times a day, but in small portions. Acute spices or spices to add should not be added, because they can increase diarrhea.
From this meal and drinks during diarrhea you need to refuse:
- fat, fried food;
- berries, as well as fruits and vegetables that can cause increased gas formation: broccoli, beans, peas, prunes, bell pepper, corn, grapes, pears and peaches;
- Alcoholic, carbonated and caffeine-containing drinks (tea, coffee, cola), fruit juices.
Diarrhea and Temperature - What to do?
The diarrhea, accompanied by an increased body temperature, the symptom of the stomach disorder, the causes of which are most often intestinal infection or food poisoning. To begin, it is necessary to determine what diarrhea caused, because further actions will depend on it. If the diarrhea began 2-6 hours after meals, and in addition to fever, it is accompanied by pain in muscles, sweating and thirst, most likely, this is food poisoning. If one or several of the listed symptoms are observed, you need to immediately access the doctor:
- The presence of blood or pus in feces;
- frequent vomiting - more than 4 times per hour;
- The temperature in an adult is above 38 ° C, in a child - above 38.3 ° C;
- Symptoms of dehydration, including severe thirst and fatigue;
- Signs of botulism - impairment of vision, difficult to swallow or talk;
- Diarrhea appeared after a recent travel.
If food poisoning passes in a light form, without pronounced symptoms, it is desirable to observe the bed and drink more water to avoid dehydration. For this purpose, it is also possible to take drugs that restore the water-electrolyte balance in the body. To reduce the increased temperature, you can take the antipyretic.
With severe poisoning, accompanied by dehydreamism and deterioration of well-being, or dios duration for more than three days, hospitalization is shown, since in these cases, intravenous administration of saline and antibiotic therapy may be required.
Interesting infection in adults usually occurs in a light form and takes place in 2-3 days, so treatment is reduced to preventing dehydration and eliminating pronounced symptoms: pain and spasms in the abdomen, elevated body temperature and diarrhea. It is necessary to drink 2-3 liters of clean water per day and take funds reducing the water-salt balance in the body. To stop diarrhea, it is recommended to comply with a special diet: there is bread made of refined white flour, baked potatoes, stewed vegetables, oatmeal on the water, bananas, fresh apples puree. If the abdomen hurts with diarrhea and worried spasms, you can take an anesthetic from the group of spasmolitics.
Why can vomiting and diarrhea?
Vomiting and diarrhea can be signs of viral gastroenteritis - intestinal infection. They can be infected with air-drip or domestic route (the particles of the virus live on the surfaces), as well as through infected water or food. The disease is characterized by a frequent watery chair, nausea, vomiting, pain and spasms in the stomach, in some cases - fever. A healthy person has a viral gastroenteritis usually does not cause complications and passes pretty quickly, and for babies and people of old age, it can be deadly dangerous.
There is no specific treatment for viral gastroenteritis, so it is important to prevent the development of the disease. To do this, you often wash your hands and do not use water and food that can be infected.
Causes of diarrhea in children
Diarrhea in children arises much more often than adults. It is mainly caused by the "disease of dirty hands", since children have the skills of maintaining personal hygiene are still weakly developed. To other most common causes of diarrhea in children include:
- infections: viral (rotavirus), bacterial (salmonellosis), less often - parasitic (giardiasis);
- reception of antibiotics and laxatives;
- Food poisoning in a child Food poisoning;
- Chronic inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract: irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis;
- Food intolerance of gluten, lactose, fructose.
How to stop diarrhea in a child?
Diarrhea in a child may arise for various reasons, but it always carries a risk to health. Strong diarrhea quickly leads to dehydration and impaired nutritional absorption in the intestine, and this may cause weakness and disorders of metabolic processes in the growing organism. Before you give a child any remedy for diarrhea, you must consult with the pediatrician.
If the child's diarrhea lasts more than a day and is accompanied by one or more of these symptoms, you need to immediately contact the doctor:
- lethargy, apathy;
- sunken eyes;
- dry lips;
- blood impurities, mucus or pus in feces;
- lack of tears during crying;
- stomach ache;
- lack of urination over the past 6 hours;
- Dark urine color.
If the child does not have a strong child, you can try to stop it at home:
- Let the child have enough fluid. Ideally, he should receive her as much as he loses. Conventional water can not compensate for lost salts and electrolytes, so it is recommended to use glucose saline solutions that can be bought at the pharmacy or cook at home;
- Adjust the menu. It is necessary to remove new products from it for a while, which could provoke diarrhea. The child needs to give soft, low-fat food - rubbed vegetable soups, steam cutlets, oatmeal or rice porridge on water, bananas, fresh apples puree. Portions must be small. Feed the child is recommended 5-6 times a day;
- Usually diarrhea and abdominal pain are stopped for 2-3 days, but if the child's condition does not improve, you need to consult a doctor. If diarrhea is caused by bacterial infection, antibiotics therapy may be required.
How to treat diarrhea?
Diarrhea, especially strong, can quickly lead to dehydration of the body and deterioration of well-being, so treatment must begin immediately. The basic principles of diarrhea therapy are:
- Elimination of the cause that caused diarrhea. Since it is often due to bacterial infection, antimicrobial means are used, for example, drugs of nitrofuran row. They are effective against most causative agents of intestinal infections and are not absorbed into blood. The diagram of the use of medication and its dosage is prescribed by the doctor;
- Purpose of rehydration therapy. Since, with a strong or long diarrhea, a person loses many minerals with water with water, their deficit must be filly. The pharmacy for sale to restore water-electrolyte balance in the form of powders to be breeding in water. Ready solution It is necessary to drink in small sips after each episode of the liquid chair;
- Compliance with a special diet, delaying intestinal emptying. Food should be soft, low-fat, dyed and low food fiber - Preferences need to be given to low-fat meat, bananas, rice caress on water, refined white flour bread and fresh apples puree;
- The use of pro-and prebiotics restoring the useful intestinal microflora. Assign usually after the course of antibiotics.
People's Treatment Diarrhea
The use of folk agents from diarrhea has a dubious effect, especially in children and people of old age, whose body reacts very sensitive to dehydration and shortage of nutrients. To prevent the development of complications, it is better to use drugs with proven efficiency appointed by the doctor to treat diarrhea.
To proven homemade tools that help stop diarrhea include:
- Mashed fresh apples. They contain pectin - soluble fiber, effectively binding water in the intestine;
- Bananas - have the same property as an apple puree, and also help to replenish the deficit of useful minerals - potassium and magnesium. Bananas before use you need to thoroughly twist for a fork to a homogeneous puree;
- crackers, gallery cookies and bagels of white flour of the highest grade;
- puree from baked or boiled potatoes;
- Rice porridge on the water.
At home you can make an analogue of a pharmacy solution for drinking. On 1 liter of pure drinking water will need:
- 1 teaspoon salt;
- 8 teaspoons of sugar.
Drink fluid needed with small sips after every trip to the toilet. It is important to remember that homemade funds from diarrhea can not always replace medication treatment.
Diarrhea is not an independent disease - this is a symptom of one or another pathology in the body to pay attention to. If the diarrhea has a child lasts more than 24 hours, and in an adult - more than two days, you need to consult a doctor. The protracted diarrhea is dangerous dewatering and impaired metabolic processes in the body.
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Last update date: 03/19/2021
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What can be used in diarrhea? What to drink with diarrhea? What should be avoided at diarrhea? What is diarrhea and how to treat him
It is very important to adjust when the intestinal disorder diet and the power mode in such a way to help the body cope with the problem as efficiently as possible. If you do not know what you can eat when diarrhea, use our recommendations.
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What can be used in diarrhea?
- Power supply with diarrhea should include food with high pectin content: apple puree, bananas, yogurt. Pectin - soluble fibers - helps to cope with intestinal disorder.
- Pay attention to the products rich in potassium - fruit juices, potatoes in uniform, bananas. When intestinal disorder, the body actively loses potassium and it is necessary to restore it.
- Do not forget to add salt into dishes. Power must include salted soups, broths, crackers, etc., which will help keep water in the body and avoid dehydration.
- Get enough protein. When intestinal disorder, you can eat a poorly fried beef, turkey, chicken or boiled screwed eggs to avoid fatigue and fatigue.
- Eat vegetables and fruits after hot processing. Some raw vegetables and fruits can aggravate diarrhea. Observing a diet, try simple soup with asparagus, carrots, beets, zucchini, mushrooms or celery, puree soup or potatoes in uniform.
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What to drink with diarrhea?
Drink at least a glass of liquid after each diarrhea attack to prevent dehydration. When intestinal disorders drink water, fastening tea, apple juice, low-fat broth. The liquid diet with diarrhea does not load the digestive tract and helps prevent irritation.
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What should be avoided at diarrhea?
- Avoid drinks and food containing caffeine, as well as very hot or cold. It will irritate the gastrointestinal tract.
- During the diet, avoid oily, fried and heavy food. Such nutrition will only aggravate intestinal disorder.
- Avoid products that cause gases in the intestines - a chewing, carbonated drinks. They annoy the digestive tract.
- Limit milk and dairy products. They can be hard to digest.
- Avoid nuts, raw fruits and vegetables, bran and whole grain bread in nutrition. They annoy the digestive tract.
Try not to smoke and not drink alcohol.
A complete list of what is eaten with diarrhea is contained in the "Table No. 4" diet.
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What is diarrhea and how to treat him
Under diarrhea (diarrhea) means a frequent liquid chair, accompanied by excessive loss of fluid and electrolytes. The intestinal disorder occurs when the contents of the gastrointestinal tract moves too quickly, with the result that the liquid and nutrients do not have time to be absorbed.
For the rapid termination of diarrhea (within 1 hour), tablets are recommended for dissolving imiodium ®Express that will help to normalize the work of the intestine, restoring the natural rhythm of his work. The tablets dissolve right in a language in 2-3 seconds, do not require picking water and have a pleasant mint taste.
The information in this article is referenced and does not replace the professional consultation of the doctor. For the diagnosis and treatment of treatment, refer to a qualified specialist.
Read also articles about products-provocateurs of diarrhea.
* Among the means based on Loperamid. For sales in the money for February 2018 - January 2019, according to IQVIA (from English. Aikuvia).
In the article we will tell:
- What is diarrhea, symptoms and possible causes
- Diarrhea's danger when a person needs medical care
- Basics of proper nutrition in diarrhea
- Pros and Cons Diece Diarrhea
- Table of permitted and prohibited products
- Diarrhea: Pregnant, Children, Adults and Elderly
- Diet with chronic diarrhea
- Diete with diarrhea with vomit
- How to eat with antibiotic therapy
- Top 10 products against diarrhea
Diarrhea or watery chair can embarrass and affect in the worst moments, for example, during a vacation or a special event.
But although diarrhea often passes by itself within two or three days, some funds can help to achieve a more solid chair.
Abdominal pain is so common that everyone experiences them at one time or another. There are dozens of reasons for which you can get a belly. Most of the reasons are not serious, and the symptoms are quickly passing. As a rule, there is no need to look for a solution further than your kitchen.
What is diarrhea, symptoms and possible causes
Diarrhea is characterized by a liquid watery chair or a frequent need for intestinal emptying. It usually lasts a few days and often passes without treatment.
Diarrhea may be acute or chronic.
Acute diarrhea It occurs when the condition lasts from one to two days. You may have diarrhea as a result of viral or bacterial infection. In other cases it could be associated with food poisoning.
There is a condition known as a traveler diarrhea that occurs when you have diarrhea after contact with bacteria or parasites during a discovered country. Acute diarrhea occurs quite often.
Chronic diarrhea - This is a diarrhea that lasts at least four weeks. This is usually the result of an intestinal disease or disorder, such as celiac disease or Crohn's disease.
What causes diarrhea?
You may have diarrhea resulting from a number of conditions or circumstances. Possible causes of diarrhea :
intolerance to food products, for example, lactose intolerance;
The adverse reaction to the medicine;
Operation on the bustling bubble or stomach.
Rotavirus - Frequent cause of child diarrhea. Bacterial infections caused by, in particular, salmonella or intestinal wand, are also common.
Chronic diarrhea may be a symptom of a more serious state, such as an irritable intestinal syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease. Frequent and heavy diarrhea can be a sign of an intestinal disease or intestinal functional disorder.
What are the symptoms of diarrhea?
You can only experience one of them or any combination thereof. Symptoms depend on the cause. Often there is one or more of the following symptoms. :
How is the cause of diarrhea diagnose?
Your doctor will conduct a medical examination and consider your illness of the disease when determining the cause of diarrhea. The specialist can also be directed to laboratory tests to study urine and blood samples.
Additional tests that your doctor can assign to determine the cause of diarrhea and other related states may include:
Tests for allergens to determine whether the cause of food intolerance or allergies is caused;
Calate sowing for inspection for bacteria, parasites or signs of the disease;
colonoscopy to check the signs of the intestinal disease;
RectorOnoscopy to check the rectum and the lower thick intestine for signs of the intestinal disease.
Colonoscopy or RectorOnoscopy is particularly useful for determining whether you have an intestinal illness if you have heavy or chronic diarrhea.
Diarrhea's danger when a person needs medical care
Although in many cases the diarrhea can be treated at home with the help of non-degree, rest and temporarily limited diet, if it lasts long enough, you should consult with your doctor. Contact a specialist if :
Your diarrhea lasts more than two days without improvement;
You are dehydrated.
Dehydration and diarrhea
Diarrhea can lead to a quick loss of fluid and expose you at risk of dehydration. If you are not treated from diarrhea, it can have very serious consequences.
Symptoms of dehydration include :
If you are dehydrated or you have other symptoms, you may need to contact the emergency departments to get immediate treatment.
Other symptoms to pay attention to include black or blood stools, severe abdominal pain or fever (39 ° C) or higher.
Diarrhea - Serious disease for young children. It can cause severe dehydration in the baby in just one day.
Please contact your child immediately if you apply to your child: one of the following conditions is applicable:
Diarrhea for 24 hours or more.
Temperature 39 ° C or higher.
Chair with blood.
A chair containing a pus.
Chair black and tar-shaped.
All these are symptoms indicating an emergency.
Basics of proper nutrition in diarrhea
Regardless of whether your diarrhea is episodic and is caused by allergies / food poisoning or chronic disease, such as the irritable intestinal syndrome or Crohn disease, diet and diarrhea are inextricably linked.
Even if you have chronic diseases affecting the digestive system, the diet you eat can strongly affect your digestive system.
When you are experiencing a decency attack, there are certain products that you can have to help your digestive system return to normal.
Products that can be used in diarrhea
In diarrhea, the products that you eat, and the products you avoid may be crucial for faster recovery. Here they will use the products of Brat.
BRAT means "bananas, rice, apples, toasts." These products are soft, so they do not exacerbate the digestive system, while strengthening it.
The Brat diet consists of soft fiber low content and is often recommended for treating stomach problems, digestive and diarrhea diseases.
Pediatricians historically prescribed a brat diet with infants suffering from diarrhea.
If you adhere to them after getting rid of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, it will help you faster feel better.
You also need to drink a lot of fluid to avoid dehydration and fill the loss of fluid. Drink a lot of water and suck the ice pieces. Other liquids that you can try include :
transparent broths, such as chicken or beef, with remote fat;
water with high electrolyte content or coconut water with vitamins or electrolytes (Try to avoid using high sugar content);
Weak tea without caffeine.
How to comply with a brat diet
There are limited scientifically based recommendations on how to accurately follow the Brat diet, but recommendations for the three-day plan still exist.
During the first 6 hours After the disease you can give up food at all.
Give the stomach to relax and wait until vomiting and diarrhea completely stop.
While you are waiting to eat, try to suck pieces of ice, as well as drink water. This will help to fill the loss of water and electrolytes as a result of the disease.
Try to add transparent liquids to your diet, for example, water, apple juice, vegetable or chicken broth, for the first 24 hours after the disease.
If the symptoms return, stop drinking transparent liquids and wait a couple of hours before trying again.
On the second day Start compliance with the Brat diet. This diet is limited and not very nutritious, so you do not want to stay on it longer than necessary.
On the third day After the disease, you can start gradually returning normal products into your diet if you feel it.
Start with foods like eggs, boiled fruits and vegetables and white meat, for example, a chicken or turkey.
It is important to follow the signals of your body. If you eat too much a variety too much, symptoms can return.
Products to avoid diarrhea
When you experience diarrhea or restore after it, you should avoid using a large number of products. These products can run the digestive system and exacerbate or extend the diarrhea:
milk and dairy products (including protein drinks based on milk);
fried, fatty products;
processed foods, especially with additives;
pork and veal;
other fruits, such as pineapples, cherry, berries with seeds, figs, currants and grapes;
coffee, carbonated drinks and other drinks with caffeine or carbonated;
Artificial sweeteners, including sorbitol.
Pros and Cons Diece Diarrhea
Although the clinical tests of the BRAT diet is not, some studies of how products included in the BRAT diet affect the diarrhea, exist.
Bananas, for example, contain a certain starch, called pectin, which is useful for the digestive tract.
Banach also contains potassium, which helps the absorption of water and electrolytes.
The 2019 systematic review showed that the pulp of a green banana can help reduce both diarrhea and constipation in children.
The 2016 study showed that rice soup is very effective in the treatment of acute diarrhea in children.
Although these results are promising, they cannot determine whether a diet consisting only of soft products, efficient and safe in the treatment of stomach problems.
Limitations of the BRAT diet can bring more harm than good.
In one outdated study, the researchers found that 2 weeks of the BRAT diet can lead to serious malnutrition along with other medical problems in children.
According to admission, this case was extreme, and the study is not relevant.
But no subsequent studies of the effectiveness of the Brat diet was carried out.
Today recommends feeding children a balanced diet, as soon as they recover, as well as breastfeeding infants or give them full mixtures.
For adults and children, the BRAT diet is probably better than the complete absence of products.
More modern studies are needed to determine whether the Brat diet is a useful solution for people with stomach problems.
The goal is to return to a normal diet as soon as possible, even if the diarrhea does not pass to avoid malnutrition.
Table of permitted and prohibited products
Excluded from the diet
Wheat bread from the flour of the top grade yesterday's baking is limited. Sugari from wheat bread flour of top grade - thin slices, unselected
Rye and Fresh Bread, Drill, Pancakes, Fritters, All other pastries
Low-fat varieties of non-residential veal, beef, rabbit meat, turkey, chicken - in a rubber or chopped form. Fascia, tendons, the skin of birds are removed. Farm passes through a meat grinder 2-3 times. Threads, boiled meatballs or a couple. Non-fat chicken or chicken in boiled form.
Bold varieties of any meat, lamb, pork. Meat cooked by a piece. Duck, goose. Sausages, smoked meat canned food
Low-fat varieties (perch, Sazan, Sudak, etc.) in a boiled form of a piece or chopped (cutlets, meatballs, beds, cooked for a couple)
Fatty, smoked, salted, canned fish, caviar
1, sometimes 2 pieces per day. Skump, in the form of steam omelet, add to dishes
Screw, fried eggs, raw
Acidophilic milk, acidophilic paste, fresh calcined or fresh cottage cheese - rubbed, in the form of steam soufflies
Whole milk, kefir, sour cream, other dairy products
Cereals, bean, pasta
Hercules, semolina, witch buckwheat, rice, from cereal flour - porridge on water or on a non-fat broth. Steam puddings, boiled vermichel.
Pearl, barley croup, millet, crumbly porridge, porridge on milk, casserole with pasta, all legumes
Creamy oil - 5 grams in a ready-made dish for one meal
All other fats
Soups on a degreased non-frustrated meat, chicken, fish broth with adding rice, semolina cereals, mucous decoction croup, vermicelli, steam beds, meat meat, egg flakes, wipe meat
Soups on strong and fat broths, with bean, with vegetables, cold soups
Exclusively in the form of decoctions - added to the first dishes
In any other form
No. All are excluded!
Fruits, berries, sweets
Puree from raw apples. Kissel and jelly from fresh juice or bravery of non-acidic fruits and berries (quince, pear, dogwood, cherry, blueberry, dried black currant). In limited quantity - sugar
Fresh berries and fruits, dried fruits, jam, honey, other sweets
Tea, preferably green, black coffee, cocoa on the water. Raisters of dried rose hips, quince, cherry, blueberries, black currant. With good tolerability - divided by water juices of non-acidic fruits and berries, except apricots, grapes, drained
Cocoa on milk, coffee with milk, kvass, carbonated and cold drinks, grape juice
Nutrition in diarrhea
Often there is diarrhea during pregnancy. However, the fact that you have diarrhea does not necessarily mean that it is directly related to your pregnancy.
Reasons, in addition to pregnancy, include :
The causes of diarrhea associated with pregnancy include :
Change diet . Many women drastically change the diet when they find out that they are pregnant. This sudden shift in food can cause a stomach disorder and potentially cause diarrhea.
New food sensitivity . Food sensitivity can be one of the many changes you are experiencing during pregnancy. Products that have never bothered you before pregnancy can now cause gases, stomach disorders and diarrhea.
Prenatal vitamins . Taking vitamins for pregnant women is useful both for your health and for the health of your growing baby. However, these vitamins can cause a stomach disorder and diarrhea.
Hormonal changes . Hormones can slow down the digestive system, so constipation may occur. Hormones can also speed up the work of the digestive system, which can cause diarrhea.
Diarrhea is more common in the third trimester.
As the date of delivery approaches, you may find that diarrhea becomes more frequent.
Some women will not even experience frequent diarrhea in the third trimester, although others will be. Each person's experience will be different.
In fact, in most cases the diarrhea passes without treatment.
Contact your doctor if diarrhea does not disappear after two to three days. Your doctor will hold a medical examination and can take blood to determine the cause of diarrhea.
Certain food groups can be aggravated by diarrhea. Avoid greasy, fried food, acute food, milk and dairy products, as well as high fiber products.
Do not take non-receptible opposing drugs without consulting your doctor. These medicines may worsen certain conditions. In addition, they are unsafe for everyone.
If your baby eats solid food, give him pieces of food that can help alleviate diarrhea. These include:
Avoid the following products that can aggravate diarrhea :
Cow's milk, except for dairy products in their mixtures (in any case, you should avoid cow milk while your child is 1 year);
Apple juice and other fruit juices (in any case, they should be avoided while your child will be 2 years old);
Adults and elderly
When drawing up a diet with diarrhea, it is important to form a diet so that consumed dishes :
Included a sufficient amount of beneficial substances and did not create a load on the inflamed gastrointestinal organs.
Contained a lot of potassium, calcium and iron.
At the same time, the general caloric of the menu should not exceed 1800-2000 kcal.
The diet should be aimed at eliminating fermentation processes. It will speed up the restoration of the intestinal work and stabilization of the chair. You can not eat products stimulating gas formation.
It is important to consume a lot of water and herbal decoctions. This will contribute to the removal of toxins and normalize the state.
And also adhere to the gentle regime, excluding products with a high content of acids.
When cooking, it is necessary to abandon the use of sharp spices, salts and other substances that have an irritant effect on the intestinal walls.
Elderly people suffering from diarrhea, it is recommended to use porridge prepared on water without adding butter. Fig and buckwheat are especially useful.
Mandatory in the diet should be thermally treated vegetables.
An important source of fiber is carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, potatoes.
It is recommended that the use of low-fat varieties of meat, incl.: Veal; rabbit; turkey; Chicken. When cooking, meat is cleaned from skins, cartilage and tendons.
In addition, it is thermally processed non-acid berries and fruits, in the form of sauces, mousses, jelly and puree.
Diet with chronic diarrhea
The main sign of chronic diarrhea is a liquid or watery chair that is stored for several weeks. This chair may be accompanied or not accompanied by a feeling of urge. You may have other symptoms:
spasms in the stomach;
Drive the food diary to determine whether the diet is the main factor in chronic diarrhea. Record all your food and snack techniques and mark any deterioration of symptoms.
A few weeks later you can determine possible products that cause irritation. If so, eliminate these products from your diet to see if your symptoms improve.
For example, diarrhea may cease or significantly improve after stopping the reception of gluten, artificial sweeteners or dairy products. Or your condition can improve after you eliminate certain vegetables, fruits and beans from your diet.
Changes in lifestyle that will help get rid of chronic diarrhea include :
refusal of caffeine and alcoholic beverages;
low fiber products;
drink transparent liquids to prevent dehydration;
Control portions of food to avoid overeating.
Chronic diarrhea caused by the main disease can not be prevented.
But you can prevent chronic diarrhea due to infection, taking measures to maintain the purity of food and water:
Drink from clean water or filter water.
Carefully cook meat.
Wash your hands after cooking and before taking food.
Clean kitchen surfaces to prevent contamination.
Wash fruits and vegetables before their use.
Wash your hands after visiting the toilet, changing the diaper or helping the sick person.
Diete with diarrhea with vomit
Diarrhea and vomit - common symptoms, which are subject to people of all ages, from babies and babies to adults.
In most cases, these two symptoms are the result of gastric illness or food poisoning and pass within a few days.
As a rule, it is enough to relax and drink a lot of fluid to avoid dehydration
Here are some ways to treat vomiting and diarrhea at home to avoid dehydration :
Drink a lot of transparent liquids such as water, broth
Follow the Brat diet
Avoid greasy, acute or oily and sugar.
Avoid dairy products.
Often wash your hands with water with soap.
Sometimes, with diarrhea and vomit, treatment may be required.
Take a child to a doctor if :
less than 12 months, and they have signs of dehydration;
diarrhea for more than seven days or vomiting for more than two days;
under 3 months at a temperature of 38 ° C;
from 3 to 6 months at a temperature of 39 ° C.
Take the child to the emergency room if :
There are signs of dehydration after receiving a solution for oral rehydration;
There are blood in the urine or chair;
Green or yellow vomiting.
For adults. Consult a doctor if :
Still dehydrated after rehydrating with liquids and oral hydration solution.
You have bloody diarrhea or rectal bleeding.
Your vomiting is yellow or green.
You have diarrhea, which lasts more than seven days, or you vomiting for more than two days.
How to eat with antibiotic therapy
Diarrhea associated with taking antibiotics is quite common. According to estimates, between 5 and 25 percent of adults, diarrhea may occur when taking antibiotics.
This happens when antibiotics violate the natural balance of bacteria in the intestine. This can cause an irritation of the digestive system and increase the risk of disease with some types of harmful bacteria, for example, C. diff.
All types of antibiotics can cause diarrhea. However, some types of antibiotics, such as penicillins and cephalosporins, can cause it more often.
Diarrhea associated with antibiotics is defined as a liquid watery chair three or more times a day when taking antibiotics.
It can start approximately a week after the start of taking antibiotics. In addition, a few weeks after the end of treatment, diarrhea may develop.
If you have C. Diff infection, you may have additional symptoms, such as:
If you are experiencing diarrhea due to taking antibiotics, the change in the diet can facilitate the symptoms. Some shared proposals include :
Eating low-content of fiber. Although high fiber products are recommended when you are healthy, the use of them in diarrhea may worsen your condition.
Replacing potassium. This nutrient may be lost due to diarrhea, but the use of potassium products can help to fill it.
Replenishment of lost liquids and salts. Diarrhea can cause a faster loss of liquid and electrolytes, so it is important to fill them.
Based on these advice, Try to use the following products and drinks in diarrhea. :
liquids, including water, broths or caffeine tea;
fruits, such as bananas, apple puree or a small amount of canned fruit without syrup;
grains, such as white rice, white bread and noodles;
Purified potatoes (good potassium source), cooked or baked;
Sources of protein, such as bird, low-fat meat and fish.
Some products may worsen your symptoms or prevent antibiotic treatment. These include :
drinks with caffeine, such as coffee, carbonated drinks and tea;
Dairy products can cause problems with digestion when taking antibiotics and can affect the absorption of antibiotics;
fatty foods such as fatty meat, baking, potato chips, fries and other fried foods;
Products or drinks with high added sugar, such as carbonated drinks, fruit juices, cakes and cookies;
High fiber products such as whole grain, legumes and most fruits and vegetables;
Acute food that can even more annoy the digestive tract.
In addition, try not to eat grapefruit and do not take supplements with calcium. They can affect how well antibiotics are absorbed by your body, and can reduce the effect of medication.
Here are some steps that you can take to reduce the risk of developing diarrhea associated with taking antibiotics.
Try probiotics . Probiotics can help return useful bacteria into the digestive system.
Observe Hygiene Rules . Frequent washing hands, especially after visiting the toilet, can help prevent the spread of C. Diff bacteria.
Follow the instructions . Some antibiotics can be recommended to take during meals.
Take antibiotics only if necessary.
Although antibiotics can treat bacterial infections, they are not effective against viral infections, such as colds and flu. Excessive use of antibiotics can adversely affect the health of the digestive system and cause other problems.
If earlier when taking antibiotics you had diarrhea, report this to the doctor. He can choose an antibiotic, which is less likely to cause this problem.
Top 10 products against diarrhea
Historically, the chamomile was used with different intestinal disorders, including gases, stomach disorder, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
Animal research has shown that chamomile extracts facilitate diarrhea in mice, reducing intestinal spasms and reducing the amount of water allocated to the chair, but additional research is needed to find out whether it applies to people.
In some people, the stomach disorder is caused by the irritable intestinal syndrome (chronic intestinal disease, which can cause pain in the stomach, bloating, constipation and diarrhea).
Although it is difficult to cope with the SRC, studies show that peppermint can help reduce these unpleasant symptoms.
Taking peppermint oil capsules daily for at least two weeks can significantly reduce the pain in the stomach, gases and diarrhea in adults from the SRC.
The peppermint is safe for most people, but it is recommended to take care of those who have a heavy reflux, hernia of the esophageal hole of the diaphragm, stones in the kidneys or liver disease and gallbladder, since it can worsen these states.
In fact, one study showed that the addition of boiled green bananas was almost four times more efficient in the elimination of diarrhea than rice-based diet.
The strong antidiaire effect of green bananas is due to the content of a special type of fiber, known as resistant starch.
Stable starch cannot be digested by people, so it passes through the digestive tract until the colon, the last part of the intestine.
Finding into the colon, it is slowly fermented by intestinal bacteria with the formation of short-chain fatty acids, which stimulate the intestine to absorb more water and strengthen the chair.
Pectin - This is the type of plant fiber, which in large quantities is contained in apples and citrus. It is often isolated from these fruits and sell as its own food product or additive.
Pectin is not digested by people, so it remains in the intestinal tract, where he very effectively strengthens the chair and prevents diarrhea.
In fact, one study showed that 82% of patients of children, daily receiving pectin additives, recovered from diarrhea for 4 days, compared with only 23% of children who did not take pectin additives.
Pectin also removes the stomach disorder, contributing to the growth of beneficial bacteria in the digestive tract.
Low content products FODMAP
Fodmap - This is the abbreviation of the concept of "FermentableOLigo-, Di-, andmonosaccharideSandPolyols", which means "the fermentation of oligo, di- and monosaccharides and polyols". In other words, it is carbohydrates that are poorly absorbed and cause fermentation processes in the intestine.
When undigested Fodmap falls into a colon, they are rapidly fermented by intestinal bacteria, which creates excessive gas formation and bloating. They also attract water, which causes diarrhea.
An overview of 10 randomized controlled studies showed that low-content diet FODMAP facilitates these symptoms in 50-80% of people with SRCs.
Although not all people with digestive problems are experiencing problems with FODMAP digestion, work with a specialist can help you determine if any of them cause problems.
Products rich in probiotics and prebiotics
Intestinal feeding with useful bacteria probiotics can help you quickly feel better.
Diarrhea recommended strains Lactobacillus GG and SaccharomycesBoulardii. Study 2015 has shown that both strains can help reduce the duration of the disease for 1 day.
You can buy probiotics in capsules or liquid forms.
Probiotics are also contained in fermented products, such as yogurt and tea mushroom.
In addition to fermented milk products, which are not suited to everyone: MISO, NATO, pace, sauer cabbage, kimchi and tea mushroom.
But additional research is needed to determine how they affect the intestinal health.
Light carbohydrates such as rice, oatmeal
Although this recommendation is general, there is little evidence that they really help alleviate the symptoms.
However, many people report that it is easier to use these products when you feel bad.
When the stomach disorder is accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea, it is easy to dehydrated.
Water, fruit juice, coconut water, broths - excellent ways to restore fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance associated with moderate dehydration.
If dehydration is serious, it may be necessary to drink a drinking solution for rehydration containing the perfect ratio of water, sugar and electrolytes.
Everyone knows about the ability of broth to restore forces during the disease and the large loss of fluid - at a temperature and disorder of the stomach. It is quickly absorbed and removes toxins.
Rich with prebiotic fiber can also be useful because prebiotics help feed intestinal bacteria
These fibers can be found in:
Herbs and spices, such as ginger, chamomile, mint and licorice, have natural soothing properties, and such fruits like green bananas improve digestion.
Avoiding High Fodmap products helps some people get rid of gases, scrawling and diarrhea, while probiotics products can help adjust measurement.
When the stomach disorder is accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea, be sure to hydrate and replenish the electrolytes.
The diet must contain the required amount of nutritional fibers, vitamins, minerals and other substances.
The menu is compiled so that the food does not irritate the intestines, but enveloped it.
Menu with diarrhea
Below is a menu recommended for people suffering from diarrhea designed for 3 days.
Breakfast : Musion rice porridge with raisins - 150 g, steam protein omelet of 2 eggs, compote - 1 tbsp.
Lunch : crackers - 50 g, herbal tea
Dinner : Soup on chicken broth with meatballs - 150 ml, buckwheat porridge - 100 g, steam sauce of turkey - 1 pc., Kisel - 1 tbsp.
Afternoon person : Compote from dried fruits - 1 tbs, cheesecakes - 2-3 pcs.
Dinner : Rice porridge - 100 g, fish cooked for a couple, - 50 g, vegetable stew - 100 g, herbal tea - 1 tbsp.
Breakfast : Pumpkin porridge with rice - 150 g, chicken cutlets - 2 pcs., Compote - 1 tbsp.
Lunch : Oatmeal with pieces of fruit and raisins - 150 ml, tea - 1 tbsp. Lunch: Ear from low-fat fish - 150 ml, potato mashed potatoes - 100 g, baked chicken breast - 50 g, Kissel - 1 tbsp.
Afternoon person : Baked apples - 2 pcs., Crackers - 50 g, rice decoction - 1 tbsp.
Dinner : buckwheat porridge - 150 g, baked fish - 50 g, vegetable stew - 50 g, compote - 1 tbsp.
The third day
Breakfast : Chicken minced meatballs and rice - 2-3 pcs., Dried bread - 2 slice, Kissel - 1 tbsp.
Lunch : Muesli - 150 g, herbal tea - 1 tbsp.
Dinner : Vegetable soup with vermicelline - 150 ml, carrot puree - 50 g, boiled rabbit - 50 g, compote - 1 tbsp.
Afternoon person : puree from boiled pear - 150 g, tea - 1 tbsp.
Dinner : Pasta - 100 g, boiled fish - 50 g, panning zucchini - 50 g, Kisel - 1 tbsp.
Although time from time to time, the stomach disorder may occur, the use of these products and adherence to the diet can help you feel better and stand on the way of recovery.
Material is based on studies:
If a child has a diarrhea, the reason may wage in poisoning of poor-quality food, rotavirus or other infection, but most often it is associated with nutrition, as evidenced by the study of scientists, published in Pediatric Neurogastroenterology. It is important to find it and proceed to immediate elimination, otherwise the risk of dehydration is great in their consequences. In any case, the kid's diet must be adjusted. What can you eat when diarrhea a child?
Do breastfeeding continue?
A stomach disorder that is accompanied by diarrhea is a bad phenomenon in the life of the baby. If it is still on breastfeeding, the special fixing diet first should be observed by the mother. Breastfeeding is not recommended. According to experts from BMC Public Health, lactose intolerance may complicate treatment, but the help will be appropriate to the child's age, the food introduced into the diet.
What can you eat baby in diarrhea?
The baby diet when the stomach disorder must first include additional drinking, which will prevent dehydration and help restore the balance of fluid in the body. Rice decoction is an excellent solution for the child's suffering from diarrhea. Rice has a fixing effect, so his decoction has a beneficial effect on digestion, normalizing cloth stools. It is necessary to offer it gradually, but often. Wrapped in water rice Crupe can also be included in the diet, but it is not recommended to prepare a milk porridge from it.
The focus must be given to dishes containing a large number of potassium. During diarrhea, this trace element is actively washed out of the body, so it is so important to replenish its loss by preparing a potato mashed potato, which contains a large number of potassium. Eggs reinforcing effect. All fatty heads and first meals must be eliminated and cooking soups on the secondary broth from meat of lean varieties - rabbit, beef, veal. For the second dishes, it is also better to choose these varieties of meat and fish - heck, pollock, tilapia, bothering them, baking and exposing heat treatment to a pair. Bread can only be addicted yesterday. Summarkers are allowed, bagels, and now fresh, and baking should be deleted.
What products fix stools?
There are products that have a pronounced fixing effect. These include:
- Baked apples without peel;
- Kissel, for example, oatmeal.
If a child is already familiar with them, you can offer him these products.
Diarrhea in a child requires frequent, but fractional nutrition. Food should be thermally mechanically and chemically gentle. If the doctor approves, you can brew a chamomile for a baby or prepare the infusion of the bark of oak, quince. Most of the familiar sweets can not be baby, but at diarrhea, it is not forbidden to commemorate with natural jam, marmalade, jam, marshmallow in small quantities. They are great in the content of pectins with a fastening effect. Pectini and natural products are present, in particular, the gifts of nature - pumpkin, carrots, eggplants, zucchini. Changer cooked from them without spices and seasonings can also be included in the menu of the child suffering from the diarrhea, and all other fruits and vegetables, especially in a fresh form, cannot be given.
Used photographic materials shutterstock