How to grow fruit lychee in a bone pot at home: Is it possible


Many are interested in the reproduction of lychee: what kind of fruit is, the fans of gardening already know? This is really a storehouse of vitamins and minerals necessary for good health. There are several breeding methods:

Fruit tree reproduction

Many are interested in the reproduction of lychee: what kind of fruit is, the fans of gardening already know? This is really a storehouse of vitamins and minerals necessary for good health. There are several breeding methods:

  • seeds;
  • cuttings;
  • grains;
  • vaccination

The most difficult for implementation at home is the first one. First, the production of fruits will have to wait for several years, seedlings are distinguished by a very slow rate of development, the varietal characteristics of parental plants do not always receive.

The easiest way to reproduce the lychee at home with tanks or cuttings. For this, the material is taken from a strong healthy tree age at least 3-5 years. You can purchase seedlings in specialized nurseries, which will help to get a tree with the desired characteristics of the yield and suitable for the climatic conditions of a particular region.

Vaccination as a method of reproduction implies the existence of experience. The advantage of this method is to obtain a strong root system.

What is the use of fruit

Lychee differs not only with a pleasant taste, but also that it is rich in useful substances. The lychee contains vitamins, potassium, proteins, phosphorus, iron and pectins. Fruit is rich in vitamin PP. The presented substance is effectively struggling with atherosclerosis.

Lychee is useful for the gastrointestinal tract. It normalizes digestion and metabolic processes. Since the fruit quickly saturates enough, it should be used in front of the main meals to avoid overeating. Lychee contributes to more quickly generating gastric juice.

Lico contains vitamins, potassium, proteins, phosphorus, iron and pectins

Lychee is a wonderful Aphrodisiac. Its benefit is that it normalizes the hormonal background.

Problems in growing: diseases and pests

Prevent the growth and development of lychee can various fungal infections and pests. Most often, the tree suffers from the following diseases:

  • anthracnose. This kind of fungus appears with excessive watering. At the same time, gray-green and red-brown spots or bulges appear on the leaves. Rangery of irrigation and processing of fungicides will help to get rid of the disease;
  • Stem cancer. It occurs with abundant moisture and low temperature in the room. In this case, the branches of the tree at the ends are cracking. To get rid of the disease, you need to remove the secateur affected areas and conduct antimicotic applications for prevention purposes;
  • Puffy dew. With the defeat of this kind, the fungus of the tree bark is painted in a white or pink shade, and the vascular lychee system begins to collapse. To get rid of pulse dews, it is necessary to remove damaged areas and process with anti-grain agents;
  • Mushroom root rot. With this disease, the tree can completely start and die. To avoid this, the plant needs to be transplanted into another pot with a new substrate, and the roots treat means from fungus.

Also for lychee are dangerous and some kinds of pests: a web tick, a torment Chervets and a wave. As a result of their actions, small holes and stains appear on the leaves, and the web gradually excavates the entire plant.

For your information! Insects are difficult to discover the naked eye, they usually hide on the back of the leaves.

Cobed tick

To get rid of pests, you need to use insecticides and acaricides. It is possible to remove insects from the tree with a cloth moistened in a soap solution, after which the processing of chemicals.

The exotic tree of lychee is undoubtedly worth trying to grow at home. Of course, he needs a constant care, and it is pretty picky. However, if everything is done correctly, then lychee will become an excellent decoration of the apartment or at home, and after some time will be able to please your owner with delicious, juicy fruits.

Lychee - what is this fruit and what looks like

Lychee is a tree that is part of the Sapind family family and having other names, such as the Chinese, Chinese plum, Lisi. As it is clear from the name of the birthplace plants are the southern regions of China.

Licacy plant has many other names

Brief description and features of a fruit tree

The tree is evergreen and thick sheltered sheets of a saturated dark green shade. They form a dense crown of a rounded form.

When the tree is fruit, then the pinkish color of the fruits of the lychee are collected in the borders. By themselves, they are small, approximately 5 cm in diameter, and covered with a sufficiently dense, but thin skin with small bug-in growths. Under the peel of the litter berries hides a white flesh, which resembles a student tightly tight and juicy consistency. Inside there is a large dark brown bone.

How and where it grows

Interesting Facts:

  • The lychee is grown only in the subtropical, tropical and sub-screen climate. It comes from Southeast China and does not tolerate frosts.
  • In adulthood, the tree reaches from 9 to 30 m on the street and about 3 meters indoors.
  • It grows very slowly, in nature a seedling will be required up to 5 years to start fruit.
  • Fruits with a walnut size, a diameter of 25-30 mm, with uneven textured peel from pink to a red shade. The flesh is whitish, translucent and juicy. Each fruit contains one brilliant dark brown seed.
  • Other Lico Names: Dragon Eye, Chinese Plum, Lisie, Lidji.

Blooming and fruiting

Flowers grown from seeds for 8-10 years, and obtained from seedlings - for 4-5 years. Flowers Chinese plum by panicles, reaching a length of 0.7 m and similar on the inflorescence of horse chestnut. This is not surprising, because both of these plants belong to one family - Sapindovy. After blowing on each panicle, up to 15 small (3-4 cm) of round fruits hanging over borders are formed.

Ripe lychee fruits have a dense red peel of red, translucent white flesh, for consistency resembling grapes, and a large dark brown bone. Peel and bone are easily separated from the pulp. To taste and the aroma of juicy lychee resemble something average between grapes and strawberries. Attached fruit is like a reptile eye with red scaly eyelids and a dark oblong pupil. For this feature of Lico, the name "Dragon Eye" was called.

What fruits can be found at home

Despite the fact that the bedroom village of Lico is almost ten times less than its natural fellows, the fruits on it can crush the most real, normal size, tasteful and smell characteristic of this exotic fetus. However, to achieve a crop, it will be necessary to provide the plant with all the necessary conditions and the correct care. Do not wait fast success - the homely trees grown from the bone can only be bloated for 8-12 years.

Properties of fruits, benefits and harm

If we talk about taste, then the lychee they are quite attractive for humans. The pulp sour-sweet and gentle in its consistency, in connection with which the fruits can be used in large quantities, as they do not burden the gastrointestinal tract.

For your information! Fruits of lychee, despite the fact that they have enough attractive taste in fresh form - it is also an excellent canned fruit that can be found on store shelves.

Useful properties of a fruit:

  • body saturation with vitamins and minerals;
  • helps the normalization of blood sugar levels;
  • normalizes the work of the gastrointestinal tract and the pancreas;
  • reduce cholesterol levels;
  • It is considered a fruit capable of acting aphrodisiac and strengthen sexual function and men, and women.

Fruit of chinese plum

But, despite all the benefits, nevertheless have such properties that can harm the body. First of all, it is not necessary to use berries for those who have individual intolerance to its components. Secondly, when buying a lychee, you should make sure that this is a fresh fruit. He must have either pinkish or with a red leather hint. If it has a brown or brown shade, it means that they are not recommended to eat them. This is due to the fact that hazardous substances can accumulate in them that can cause poisoning and disorder in the work of the digestive system

In all other cases, fruit has no contraindications.

Contraindications

Fruits of lychee are contraindicated only to those who have individual intolerance. There are no other contraindications in such fruits. However, non-freight fruits having a dark color peel cannot be, because they are able to cause intestinal disorder.

Child Cultivation

In middle latitudes, lico is considered a riche plant, in this connection, it is quite difficult to buy seedlings of such a culture in the garden pavilion. However, to grow such a tree from the bone can be tried in room conditions. To do this, purchase a ripe fruit, which has a strong smell, translucent juicy flesh and peel red. The bone must be removed from the pulp, it is wrapped in a moistened gauze or a fabric. For 7 days, it is necessary to ensure that the wrapper all the time was slightly humid.

In the swollen bone, it is necessary to remove the fabric, after which they produce its landing in the pot, at the bottom of which there is a drain hole. At the bottom of the pot to begin with, you need to lay out the drainage layer from the ceramzit, after which it is filled with flower soil. Blowing the bone into the substrate is only 20 mm. When disembarking several stones, the chances of the fact that a seedman will appear, increase several times. When the bone is planted, the substrate in the tank must be moistened with heat water

It should be germinated at a temperature of from 25 to 30 degrees, it is very important to ensure that the substrate in the pot is constantly a bit wet. The first seedlings should seem in about 7-30 days, but it can happen and later

After the seedlings showing the first leafy plates of light red color, the container must be rearranged on the sunny window sill, while the plant should be protected from direct rays of the sun. The plants transplant in a larger pot are produced during the formation of 4 or 5 sheet plates. So that the seedlings develop normally, they will need a long daylight, not less than 12 hours. The air temperature in the room throughout the year should not fall below 20 degrees.

2 How to grow bone face

For the cultivation of this culture, it is necessary to comply with such conditions:

  • The room should be warm and humid, as in the tropics.
  • Bone after extraction Do not store for a long time outdoors.
  • If they gathered to plant lychers today, then the fruit is preferably desirable immediately before landing.

Rules of growing:

Prepare a small container (for example, a pot for growing seedlings) with drainage holes; Push the layer of small clay, then fresh soil for growing colors; Pretty moisturize the earth so that the excess water flowed through the drainage holes; The bone washed before landing, do not stand, plunge it into the ground just 3 cm; Support the temperature in the room is not lower than 25 degrees, and the maximum allowable mark is 34-35 degrees; The humidity of the upper layer is constant, but within the normal range. Frequent and abundant watering is unacceptable; Live seeds should germinate quickly, for 1-4 weeks. Some may need a little longer. As practice has shown, from 3 planted lychee seeds, 2 bones gave a sprout on the 5th week after landing, and the last one after 4 months! When the first leaflets appear, the pot needs to be put so that the plant does not fall on the plant; Saplings quickly stretch up, in 2-3 weeks grow up to 20 cm, but then growth slows down and adult homemade tree does not grow more than 30 cm for the first 2 years; During the first two years, a powerful root system is developing, so the tree will be required several times during this period to replant in a more spacious capacity; Lychee grown at home, does not endure drafts and direct sunlight

Does not like sorate to stop, so you should always maintain moderate humidity; Does not tolerate lychee and stagnation of liquid, so it is so important to make a good drainage so that the excess fluid flowed into the pallet.

Cultivation of Fruit Tree Lychee at home

Lychee is an unpretentious plant, but it is not necessary to forget that its historic homeland is the south of China, and by no means the average strip of Russia or more northern regions

It is important to create suitable conditions for the tree, then it will certainly revise the gardener with a lush harvest of acidic fruits with a "highlight"

Since creating on the street, in the conditions of open soil, optimal climatic conditions are practically unrealistic, the fruits are taken to grow at home. The plant feels perfectly in a pot, it does not grow to a huge height, the crown is neat.

Note! Some are grown by lychee in greenhouses, but for this requires the organization of round-the-clock lighting, moisturizing and heating. Normal dacha greenhouses from polycarbonate for this purpose will not fit

Nuances of germination

Chinese lychee can well grow independently acquiring a seedling in a professional nursery, or growing out of the bone. For the second method, juicy, but mature fruits with a pleasant smell. Traces of rotting, cracks and other damage is unacceptable. The sequence of actions is as follows:

  1. Extract a bone from the pulp.
  2. Mulle to fold into several layers, moisten in water, wrap the bone into it. Leave a week, watching the fabric does not drive.
  3. As soon as the first roots appeared, you can put a bone in the pot, pre-filled with drainage and nutritional soil.
  4. Next, the plant is abundantly watered, covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect and remove containers in a dark place until the first germs appear.
  5. As soon as the sprout appears on the surface, the pot put closer to the light source.

Note! Not from each bone can grow a tree, so simultaneous sowing immediately several pieces

Licacy bones are used for germination, but there is no need - they are poisonous

How to grow from bone

Many seen in supermarkets exotic, unusual red fruit. Often, the hostess ask a question, is it possible to grow a tropical look in the apartment. If there is a desire, patience and useful knowledge, everything is possible.

The plant does not accidentally have original names. If you cut the lychee, it turns out that the view of the halves really resembles the eye of the dragon. The photo will probably become interested in fans of exotic species.

You must do the following:

  • Buy fresh, ripe berry;
  • Clean the bone from the flesh, rinse and germinate a week;
  • Prepare pots with drainage;
  • fill with a suitable substrate;
  • Place the basis into the soil;
  • pour water room temperature;
  • Cover the film by creating a mini-greenhouse;
  • Put the container in a warm place + 28 ° C;
  • periodically viewed how the plant is punctured, water, remove the condensate from the lid;
  • The sprouts make their way through the soil for 10 days.

Next steps:

  • Remove the shelter from the pot, place a container with a sprouted bone to a bright place;
  • monitor the state of the soil so as not to sing;
  • provide a temperature in the room not lower than + 20 ° C, air humidity 70%;
  • When the sprout reaches 20-25 cm of height, you need to transplant the crown copy to the container, the largest previous one by 4-5 cm, for good growth of the root system;
  • Understand the land;
  • Mandatory part of the agrotechnical events - to produce first feeding with liquid fertilizers, in about three months;
  • The subsequent introduction of mineral compositions spend 9 months after 9 months.

Further use of chemical fertilizers is carried out once in the season. The transplant to new pots are necessary when necessary when the young litter lacks the place and nutrients in the old capacity.

Preparation of bones

So that the basis for an exotic fruit gave rise to a new plant, it needs to be processed:

  • Clean the seed from the pulp;
  • put in natural fabric and moisturize;
  • make sure that the napkin is always wet;
  • A week later, or a little later, the bone will start germinate;
  • Put the landing of a young litter in a pot with a drainage and the right substrate.

Tip! For more active germination it is useful to withstand the foundation in water (7 days) before planting, as well as process growth stimulants.

Preparation of soil

The optimal option is to purchase a special mixture in agromagazine for exotic plants, because it will be difficult to balance all the necessary components yourself.

The main requirements for the soil:

  • have appropriate acidity (6-6.5);
  • approach chemical, mineral composition;
  • have good air and water permeability;
  • Soil should not be overdue;
  • Certificates of quality are attached to the substrate in packages;
  • It is useful to use the soil of famous brands and manufacturers.

Rules landing

An important role is played by the proper landing of the bone in the ground. Incorrect landing can prevent rapid germination of an exotic type.

How to act:

  • Buy ripe fruit lychee, extract seeds, produce germination (7-12 days);
  • Fill the pot with the substrate with suitable quality and composition;
  • The Vazone add, approximately 50 mm drainage (clay, crushed stone, small gravel, pebbles);
  • The bone is placed in the soil, deepen by 10 mm;
  • It is well watered with warm, estimated water;
  • covered with a lid (food film, cellophane, glass);
  • put a container in the room with a temperature of + 28 ° C;
  • Watch, check the germination of planting material, moisturizes the ground, ventilate, remove condensate;
  • Two weeks later, sprout will appear;
  • Next remove the shelter;
  • Find a well-lit place, with humidity of air 70-80% and temperature + 25 ... + 29 ° C;
  • When 4-6 of the real leaves appeared, they transplanted a stubborn copy to a larger capacity (difference, about 30-40 mm).

Useful for insurance to use several bones for germination.

How to grow lychee at home

Cultivation of lychee at home is easy. It is only necessary to follow the rules, recommendations on temperature, air humidity, soil composition, irrigation regimen, vessel dimensions.

We will analyze how to grow lidchi from the bones at home.

Home fashion landing

How litchi seeds are fruit bones. Fruits are suitable only ripe and fresh (not dried fruits or preservation).

The bone of the lychee quickly loses its condition, so it is necessary to use it without postponing.

  1. Washing wet bones to wrap up with a wet natural cloth, a rut or gauze. Drink water to be constantly wet. You can pour water. Its temperature and air should not be below 20 ° C.
  2. After 6-8 days, the bones will swell, they are ready for landing.

Capacity is needed spacious (up to 12-15 cm in diameter), with a jifted bottom. It is better to clay, ceramic or from such natural material. But not glass or plastic: there the seed "falls".

On the bottom, on a quarter of height, laying a claymzite drainage of large fractions. From above are filled with a mixture of soil, sawdust, peat (2: 0.5: 1), a flower mixture is suitable from the store. Before boarding the swollen bone of lychee, it is worth a fear: the sprout will be crossed faster. Bones are placed at a depth of centimeter and a half. Water with warm water. Planted seed bones are covered with a food film (preferably), a glass or plastic cup to create a greenhouse microclimate. The bone of the lychee is plugged vertically, a blunt end up - sprout will appear from here. Putting a fruit, the pot put in a dark warm place (up to 35 ° C, it is possible for the battery). Daily control the soil under the cup so that it was constantly wet. Looking under the film or glass, at the same time the greenhouse is ventilated.

At such home conditions, the sprout from the bone of lychee will be crossed in 1.5-2.5 weeks. The skeleton made his way - the plastic "roof" is time to clean. Pot put in a priest or low-air space. When 5-6 leaves appear, the seedlings relorate in the container of more larger.

How to water

Lychi grows in a wet climate, so the home seedling regularly water. If the moisture is small, one or twice a day is moisturized from the sprayer. Water will suit boiled, filtered or distilled at least a day (chlorine), room temperature.

Experts advise to use the lower irrigation: to top up the water is not on the soil, but on the pallet. Water the plant moderately, preventing the drying or "wetlasting" of the soil. The state of the soil for moisture is checked, touched with fingers.

Fertilizer

For the first time, they feed the home seedling three months after the appearance of sprout. Then later nine months. From the second year, mineral fertilizers contribute one or twice a month (1: 3). Organic, for example, dissolved manure (1:14) are suitable. In winter, the homely growing tree of the face fertilizer is not required. The feeding increases the reality of fruiting.

Trimming

Home exotively growing in the first year of life. Having reached 20-25 cm in height, externally slows down.

Consequently, to form a crown need the first two years. Then it only supports: remove the dried leaves or fragments, put long. On the appearance of fruits of lychee pruning affects little - only on the aesthetic attractiveness of the tree. But with fanatical maintenance of the shape of a pet, the fruit can not bring, so good moderation is good.

Pest

Lychee genetically immune to pests. However, with other domestic flowers, the waves, the palate tick can be removed on it.

Therefore, a home seedling must be regularly inspecting:

  • When pests are found or parasitis markers, they are destroyed without postponing.
  • Footprints of the thong, the palate tick are treated with a delicate sponge, moistened with diluted neutral liquid soap. After 9-12 minutes, washed with water.
  • If this home preparation turned out to be useless, the above-ground part of the lychee plant is treated with insecticide, following the instructions on the package.

Licacy disease does not grow and yellow leaves causes

Diseases in the village may appear if home care is incorrect:

  1. Unbalanced watering. When rebupping moisture, the roots are reinforced, with a lack of leaves and branches begin to dry out.
  2. Stay of a home tree on the sun.
  3. Small pot size.
  4. Incorrectly chosen soil. The perfect home option for a litter sapling - soils with pH 5.5-7.5.

In the latter case, experts are advised to add mikuriz to soil. These are soil mushrooms with which the root system of the home plant forms symbiosis. Artificial granulated mycorrise is suitable. Balls are sprinkled with soil, then watered.

Landing and germination of homemade

Each fetus of the lychee contains one round large bone. To land, choose smooth, dense, without flaws. It happens, the fruit contains a crown, underdeveloped bone, such a landing should not be used, it is not able to give a tree.

If you have a pair of bones, then plan them into separate containers. For landing, a universal substrate is suitable, in which you can additionally add sand or perlite for looser, vermiculite, there should be a thick layer of drainage on the bottom. The bones must be planted in an already uniformly moistened substrate to a depth of 2-3 cm. Install the greenhouse and place the container in the warm (25-34 ° C) well-lit place. Over the state of the soil in greenhouse needs to be monitored, and if necessary, additionally moisturize.

Licacy seeds usually take up for a month, but it happens later. After you notice the shooters to the greenhouse, it is necessary to remove and put in place with good lighting, without access direct sunlight protected from drafts, as the young trees should still grow.

Young lychee is actively growing at first, but reaching a height of 30 cm will stop in growth for the first 2 years, as the formation of a strong root system will begin, so during this period it must often replant.

About the detailed caring for a tree of lychee can be read in a separate publishing of lychee. Growing at home, care.

Reading time: 15 minutes

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how to grow lidchi boneFor those who are worried about the main question - immediately give the answer: grow lidchi from the bone at home is quite real. You only need to use my detailed instructions!

The article tells how to grow lidter from the bone, how to properly care for a saplress and what to do to get delicious fruits.

In the middle strip, the cultivation of lychee is only gaining popularity among gardeners.

You can find a seedling in separate specialized nurseries. Therefore, many lovers successfully grow it independently.

Licacy in natural nature

Natural Wiring Places - Southeast Region of China, India, Countries of Southeast Asia and Africa. The most favorable plant is a dry subtropical climate with soft winter. In the conditions of tropics, the tree grows well, but ceases to give fruit.

In nature, the height of the wood tree can reach 15 meters. There are instances and up to 30 meters long. In the conditions of the apartment, the growth of lychee is limited to the size of the pot. As a rule, the plant grows no higher than 2 meters.

Flowering lychee begins for 7-8 years. White flowers without petals are collected in inflorescences in the form of blizzard, having a gentle subtle fragrance.

Fruits of lychee are covered with a thin dense shell of pink color. Flesh - jelly-like, white color. It has a sour-sweet taste, resembling the taste of currant and strawberry at the same time. For fruits, cross-pollination is needed.

Preparation of materials

To get the desired result, you need to prepare the necessary materials for planting plants in advance.

How to choose sowing material

When choosing fruit, it is important to choose ripe fruit without dark spots on the peel, dents and signs of mold.

How to choose a lychee for landingChoosing a litter for landing

Helpful information

Daria Vorontsova

Gardener amateur. He is fond of growing various greenery at home.

Lychee - product perishable. Therefore, the extracted bones are not recommended to store. It is better to buy and extract seeds no earlier than 5-6 days before landing.

It is recommended to plant a few bones at the same time. Subsequently, they leave 1-2 strongest and strong seedlings.

How to prepare a bone

The extracted bone was washed from pulp residues and soaked for 24 hours in a weak solution of manganese. You don't need to dry the bone and open the peel.

Washed bones of lycheeLicacy bones in a mortgage solution

How to choose primer

For lychee, light loose soil with plenty of nutrients is best suited. It is allowed to grow a plant in a universal soil or a mixture of soil and peat in proportions 1: 2.

Well affects the immunity and development of the plant, adding miticultural drugs to the soil. They contain fungal cultures. Thanks to the symbiosis of plants and fungi, the root system is better absorbing nutrients from the soil.

Growing to grow lychee

Locking bones in gardening land is not recommended due to the high probability to infect the plant with fungal and viral diseases.

What a container will suit

Like all tropical lychee plants are characterized by the active growth of the root system. Therefore, it is better to take small pots of at least 300 ml to dry out seeds.

Capacity for growing lychee

Landing into small pots or plastic cups will lead to the fact that the plants will have to transplanted ahead of time, which can damage tender seedlings.

Rules landing Lica

Do I need to germinate a bone in advance

The prepared bone can be germinated in two ways:

Sticking Lichk ChokesStripping Licacy Bones in Substrate

For the first option, you will need clean x / b fabric and shallow container. Prepared seeds wrapped the fabric into moistened water, placed in the container and removed into a warm place.

Seeds need to observe regularly. You can not allow the tissue drying. It is harmful to bones and oversupply of moisture.

As a rule, the first sprouts appear on 6-7 days after stitching the bone. To accelerate the process, the seeds with a solution of epine or zircon can be treated in advance.

In the second embodiment, the plant for landing is filled with a disinflected substrate. To do this, you can use coconut fiber, vermiculite or agroperlite. The substrate is moistened with water and on its surface lay a bone, slightly buried. Capacities are covered with cellophane and removed into a warm place. When using this method, we can expect the appearance of sprouts in 10-14 days.

What is the option of extinguishing bones of lychee you like more?

Soak In the substrate

Landing in sad

At the bottom of the tank, the drainage layer in 1/4 pot height is poured. Pull the prepared soil mixture.

Flower pot in cutLaches landing in soil

The sprouted bone is placed horizontally into the soil at a depth of 1.5 cm. The sprout is covered with cellophane or glass and placed on a sunny place.

Helpful information

Daria Vorontsova

Gardener amateur. He is fond of growing various greenery at home.

If several seeds are germinated, the picking must be made as early as possible, since the root system is growing rapidly and intertwined.

Care rules

Lychee - the plant is unpretentious and feels quite well in the conditions of a regular apartment. It is only important to comply with certain rules when landing and leaving this tropical plant.

Watering

Lychee needs regular irrigation and irrigation. The regularity of watering depends on the ambient temperature. In hot and sunny weather, the plant is watered daily, without allowing the stagnation of moisture in the soil. In winter, the frequency of irrigation is reduced to 1 time in 2-3 days.

Watering a liter plant

The daily irrigation of foliage is well affected on the plant. Conduct spraying 2 times a day in the morning and in the evening.

Watering and irrigation are carried out with warm watering water. Cold water is destructive for lychee.

To maintain the optimal microclimate can be placed near the container with the plant humidifier.

Temperature mode

Temperature mode for lychee

Like most other plants, lychee does not like direct sunlight and drafts.

Set the container with a sapling better on the other side of the apartment, where the sun appears in the afternoon.

Lighting

Highlighting for lying in winter

Licacy tree - light-loving culture. Throughout a year, it is necessary to maintain a light day for at least 12 hours.

In winter, the plant is highlighted by phytolampa.

Podkord

The first feeder is carried out after the appearance of the Third Real Sheet. Phosphoric drugs are used as fertilizer.

Ten months later, re-feeding. This time the nitrogen fertilizers use.

In the future, the feeder produces 1 every two years in the summer period by potash-phosphate fertilizers. All feeders are introduced into the wet soil at the concentration of the specified manufacturer.

Transfer

Picking is produced when the first first real sheets appear. As a rule, this happens in the second week after the first germination. Sprouts are neatly separated from each other and searched on separate containers.

The first transplant is carried out when the plant reaches at least 30 cm in height and will have 6 real leaves.

When transplanted, the capacity is slightly larger in volume. The drainage layer is fully updated and the soil mixture. The roots of the plant carefully examine. Broken, with signs of rotting roes remove. You can flush the root system with a weak solution of manganese for the prevention of fungal diseases.

After the transplantation, the plant is watered with warm water and put on a light place, avoiding direct sunlight. The next transplant is carried out when the roots of the plant will take the entire volume of the pot.

Trimming

Experts are not recommended to be carried away by the trimming of the plant. Too frequent correction of the crown shape can lead to a violation of flowering processes.

Better limit to sanitary trimming. It includes the removal of patients and weak shoots, shortening too long branches. Such a procedure is best carried out in the winter.

Frequent care errors

The most common mistake of gardeners PI cultivation of lychee is an overabundance of moisture in the soil. Avoid getting the root system. If this happened, then save the plant will be very difficult. It is possible to determine the problem by the appearance of dark spots on the leaves and tree trunk.

Drying leaves indicate a lack of light or non-compliance with the temperature regime.

It often happens that young seedlings are not able to extract nutrients from the soil. Despite all the efforts of the gardener, they look pale and weak. It is possible to solve this problem by adding miticultural drugs to the soil. They can be added to the ground immediately before planting or to the already grown seedling. The table below shows a description of the most suitable drugs.

Name general description Using
KINFIX BRB-T16 Contains 4 strains of fungi species of glomeromycetes. Improves the composition of the soil, helps to strengthen the root system. Lay in the soil when planting a bone or used as a bastard feeding
Superchain Contains 7 strains of fungal species of glomeromycetes. Forms symbiosis with roots of lychee, produces antibiotics, protecting the plant from rot, improves root food. Lay into the ground under the bone, the root bookmark when transplanting the plant.
Glocladin Contains Triphoderma Mushroom strains. Improves the structure of the soil, promotes the development of the root system Bookmark into the ground into the roasting area of ​​the plant.

Diseases and pests

Lychee growing in room conditions is rarely exposed to the invasion of pests. Harmful insects can get on the plant together with a poorly treated soil or from a neighboring infected flower. Most often it is a wave, a web tick or akin. It is possible to notice their appearance in characteristic points, thin web and torn edges of the leaves.

aphid

Aphid

Cobed tick

Cobed tick

Bellenka

Bellenka

If traces of insect vital activity appeared on the plant, then, first of all, it is necessary to remove part of the pests mechanically. For this, the leaves and the barrel of the seedling are thoroughly wiped with a cotton cluster. After cleaning, the plant can be treated with one of the drugs:

sphere insect

Spark;

phytodemer

Phytodeter;

Insect tower

Tickless;

Means from insects Fufanon Nova

Fufanon Nova;

Tools from insects Bitokssibatsillin

Bitoksibatsillin.

Processing must be repeated at least 3 times with an interval of 5-7 days. To increase efficiency, each processing can be carried out to another drug.

Helpful information

Daria Vorontsova

Gardener amateur. He is fond of growing various greenery at home.

Some pests, such as a web tick, can settle not only on the plant, but also next to him. Therefore, in addition to the infected plants, the neighboring flowers, the windowsill and space under it are also treated.

The most common lychee disease is fungal diseases. Their appearance is evidenced by gray and reddish spots on the leaves. The cause, as a rule, becomes a violation of watering mode.

If traces of fungal infection appeared on the plant, it must begin to be treated as soon as possible. The soil must be completely replaced. The seedling is treated with foundation or any other antifungal agents.

When waiting for a crop

Fruits LicaIn order to get the Fruits of Lichu, it is necessary to strictly observe the following conditions:

  • ambient temperature at least 28 0FROM;
  • Light day at least 15 hours a day;
  • compliance with watering mode;
  • Regular feeding.
  • For the appearance of fruits, it is necessary to independently pollinate the plant with a soft brush.

Flowering lychee begins with three years. And fruiting at home, as a rule, it comes only after 10 years.

You can speed up this process by vaccination with a kidney.

Interesting facts about lychee

  • Lychee is known since the time of the ancient China. The first mention of this plant was found in 2 millennia records BC. The fruits of this tree were considered a delicacy and were served on the table of the imperial yard.
  • Lychee is a strong aphrodisiac. In China, he is considered a symbol of love and romance.
  • LIFE LIFE LIBE LIFE can reach 1000 years.

Licacy benefits

The main value of lychee is low calorie content, high content of minerals and vitamins. Fruit contains a large amount of complex carbohydrates, fiber and pectins.

Useful properties of lychee

Lychee is rich in vitamin K, affecting the chopping system of blood. In large quantities it contains selenium, magnesium, zinc and iron.

Use in folk medicine

Lychee is widely used in Eastern medicine. Extracts of this fruit are part of many biological supplements. The regular use of lychee has multiple impact on the body:

  • Expands vessels, reduces cholesterol levels;
  • diuretic action;
  • reduces blood sugar levels;
  • antioxidant action;
  • improves the work of the stomach and intestines;
  • removes fatigue and nervous tension;
  • increases hemoglobin levels;
  • Strengthens sexual desire.

China is successfully used as a drug for weight loss and body cleansing.

Contraindications

Lychee contains hypoglycine capable of strongly reduced blood sugar and cause hypoglycemia. Therefore, fruit is contraindicated with diabetics, children under 3 years old. It is not recommended to eat the fruits of the lychee on an empty stomach.

The use of a large number of unreasonable or overripe fruits can cause poisoning.

Lychee is contraindicated in pregnant women, as it is capable of provoking miscarriages.

Lychee is a beautiful and unusual plant. Even if it is not possible to get fruit from it, it is still worth trying to grow lychee. Exotic tree will decorate any interior.

Article author

Gardener amateur. He is fond of growing various greenery at home.

Eye fragrant lychee, do not rush to throw a bone into the trash can. From it you can grow a beautiful tree, which will delight the saturated green glossy foliage, and it may even bloom and give the fruit. But so that this happens, it is important to know how to grow a plant and what care he needs.

Cultivation of lychee

Is it possible to grow lidchi bone?

The experience of amateur flowerfield shows that it is necessary to doubt whether you can grow lychee on your windowsill, you should not. With the right approach, the bones germinate perfectly, they are easily rooted, and the tree is quickly gaining vitality.

Where does the lychee grow in nature?

In natural conditions, litchi grow in subtropics. Trees can reach a height of 30 meters, but more often there are 15 meter specimens. Trees can be found in China, Japan, Africa, India. In a hot climate, the plant is plentifully fruits, but at high humidity can bloom, not giving fruits.

At home from the bone of lychee is not capable of growing a giant tree. Its maximum height will reach 2 - 3 meters. Nevertheless, it will be a decorative and unusual plant.

Tree lycha

Types and varieties of lychee

There are about 100 varieties of lychee, and they all give edible fruits. The most common are considered:

  • Muzaffarpur;
  • Purbi;
  • Rank;
  • Late Seedles.

Their fruit differ in size and appearance. The drawing on the peel of the fetus can be both smoother and bug, uneven, strongly pronounced. Some fruits have a small size, others can be almost with palm. To taste, the fruits of different varieties are not significantly different, but some may be sweeter than others.

Fruits Lica

The color of the peel varies from light pink to almost crimson. It depends not as much from the variety, as from the degree of ripeness of the fetus. Unbecable berries have a brown-green surface.

We choose landing material

Those who are thinking can grow chucks or not, should know how to choose and prepare the planting material. The freshly planting material, that is, the less time passed from the moment of extracting the bone from the fetus before it landing into the ground, the better.

Finding seeds of plants in flower shops does not make sense. You need to buy a ripe fruit and remove the bone from it. It is necessary to choose a well-affected fruit of lychee, then the germination of the seed will be higher. In the photo below, you can see how ripe lychee looks like.

Determine that the fruit is ripe, it is possible in its appearance:

  • The peel has a rich-pink, places a reddish hue;
  • With a slight pressure on the peel, you can feel that the flesh is soft, but elastic;
  • Skin does not suggest, the dentin on it does not remain, but the fruit slightly springs under his fingers;
  • Traces rot and damage, cracks and dents on the surface should not be.

Litchi

Required conditions for growing

The lychee tree cannot be called too demanding on growing conditions, but still you need to know some nuances of its cultivation. Ideally, the flower model should try to imitate in its apartment the natural habitat of the plant - subtropics.

Stages of cultivation

To appear on the home window sill, an exotic plant appeared, you need to take a bone, prepare it and put into the ground. In the process of care, the tree must be water, feed, trim, to form a beautiful crown shape. Rast the lychee at home from the seed will have long, but a few years later it can bloom and even give fruit.

Preparation of bones

The bone of lychee resembles the form and size of acorn without the "Hat". But its surface is more glossy and has a burgundy brown shade. After removing from the fetus of the bone it, it is necessary to cleanse it well from the residues of the pulp, rinse and soak on the 2nd day in clean water. Neither remove the seed shell nor cut a bone.

Licacy bones

Important! If you do not remove the remnants of the pulp from the seed, mold may form on it.

How to germinate a bone?

It is better to germinate a bone in a wet dispenseed substrate. You can choose for the extension of agroperlit or vermiculite, and coconut soil is suitable. In the usual land or a neuropogruty it is better not to pinch a bone right away, since the likelihood of rotary processes is high.

The bones unfold from above the moisturized substrate with the intervals of 1.5 - 2 cm from each other. You should not bury them.

The pot with seeds is recommended to cover with cellophane and remove into a warm place, with a temperature of not lower than 25 degrees. About 2 to 3 weeks from seeds should appear sprouts.

Licacy sprouts

When bones start germinate, they should be transplanted. It is not worth tightening with a transplant, since the roots of the seedlings can begin to intertwine. Because of this, when picking, the root plant system may be damaged, which will adversely affect their growth and survival.

Requirements for soil

For the cultivation of lychee, fertile soil is needed. It should be mild and loose. You can use a universal mixture for indoor plants or soil for fruit crops.

In the conventional land brought from the garden, plant should not land, as it can be infected with fungus, pests and viruses. It is better to purchase a special substrate in a flower shop.

On the bottom of the pot layer of 1.5 - 2 cm put drainage. Like all other room plants, without drainage of lychee will grow badly. Moisture will be stated in the roots and bring to their rotting, and the soil will compete and compact. Drainage provides efficient distribution and outflow of water.

drainage

For drainage, any large-scale material that does not absorb water is suitable. Traditionally use crumbs or gravel. From natural materials for drainage, crushed stone are suitable, brick crumb, crusted shards from pots. Can be used foam.

Choose a pot

It is important that the pot has drainage holes at the bottom. Cachepo for lychee is not used, as they do not have drainage holes. Without a proper drainage, lychee will not be able to grow and develop.

If you buy a plastic pot, the drainage holes in it will easily do on their own. In ceramic and clay pots, it is especially important to evaluate their number before buying.

A pot can be made of any material. The only thing if you plan to put a pot with a tree on the floor, it is better to choose a plastic pot that will be less weighing and it will be easier to move it easier if necessary. The main thing is that the pot is stable, since lychee grows quite high.

Make a choice in favor of a ceramic pot will help the fact that ceramics - natural material. If the pot is not covered with icing, due to the porosity of the material, excessive moisture will be absorbed into the walls and evaporate through them.

Pogshi

And the ceramic pots are more funful, and therefore stable. Yes, and it looks a ceramic pot of solid and more interesting, so that it will be a beautiful addition to the interior.

True, there are cons of ceramic pots. With inaccier use, they can split. Plants roots can be painted to the walls of the container, which will create certain difficulties in transplantation.

Basic landing rules

The prepared pot with organized drainage is filled with soil. Dust bones transplanted in a pot. At first, the sprout will go into growth, and will reach a height of about 20 cm. After that, its growth will suspend. This is one of the important nuances of how lychee grows. During this period, the root system will actively begin to develop. To build the root system, it happened effectively, it is better to choose a small pot for lychee.

Care for seedlings

In order to grow a lurch from a bone, it is important to comply with the rules for the care of the plant. You need to know how to choose a suitable place in the apartment for him, organize watering and feeding.

Watering and humidity

Watering a lychee tree need warm water. Watering is carried out as the upper layer of soil drying. It is impossible to allow strong drying of the soil, since the plant can die from this. Excessive moisturizing, especially cold water, can cause the death of the plant. It is important to find the Golden Middle.

watering

In the conditions of nature, lycha grows in a humid climate. To provide a tree similar conditions, one can periodically spray it with water from the spray. Favorable on the growth of the village will reflect the installation in the apartment of the humidifier. With too dry air, the lychee will be filled with the edges of the leaves. In addition, due to the inappropriate humidity, the risk of a plants of the plant with a bypass tick increases.

Lighting

Light plays a huge role for the vital activity of all plants. It is a source of pure energy for them. Many reactions occur in the presence of a light source, for example, a plant turns water and carbohydrate carbohydrates rich in energy, due to which new cells are built.

Lychee loves light, and it is very important to take into account when planning the lighting in the conditions of an urban apartment. Straight sunlight lychee does not tolerate, as they can leave burns on the leaves. To grow a beautiful tree houses, you need to find a place with suitable lighting or organize it artificially.

The best place for the pot will be the southern windowsill with a small shading. At noon, the sun should not fall on the plant. The windows overlooking the East or West are also suitable for the plant.

lighting

In winter, the lychee tree is tested by a shortage of natural sunlight. Even on the windows filled with the sun in summer, in the cold months of light is not enough. And the flowers located on the northern and western windows, especially if they are dense curtains or blinds, strongly need artificial lighting.

In winter, fluorescent, LED and incandescent lamps are used as an artificial light source. You can purchase a special phytolamp type T8 or more powerful type T5. Incandescent bulbs with tungsten thread are not suitable for this purpose. They allocate too much heat that burns the plant.

The backlight is organized in such a way that the light from the lamp fell to the plant at right angles. The lamp should be approximately at a height of 25 cm from the upper leaves of the village. It is desirable to be able to adjust the height of the lamp, as the plant will grow.

Important! The backlight is desirable to organize in the autumn-winter period from October to April.

Temperature

Strong heat Lichi plant does not like, as very low temperatures. Deficiously reflects the sharp fluctuations in temperatures. The optimal temperature is considered to be 25 - 30 degrees. Of course, insignificant deviations that do not affect the growth of plants are radically. But it is advisable to try to maintain the temperature in the specified range.

Important! Indoors should always be warm. Drafts and sharp cooling of lychee does not take place. Because of this, he can dump the foliage. You can stabilize the air temperature using an infrared lamp.

temperature

To achieve fruiting, autumn and winter for the plant organize a temperature of 10 - 15 degrees for the transition during rest. It stimulates the formation of floral kidney on it.

Podkord

After 3 - 4 months from the moment of planting the plant in the ground begin to make feeding. After the first feeding, it is necessary to take a break until the plant will be a year. Around this period, you can make a second portion of fertilizers. In the future, this is recommended monthly.

In winter, it is not necessary to feed the plant. The feeders are very important for the tree be fruit.

Organic or mineral formulations are used for fertilizer. Organic fertilizers improve the soil structure and its physical properties, its air and aqueous mode enriches it with nutrients. In addition, they are sources of food for useful microorganisms living in the ground. The organization includes manure, bird litter, compost.

Fertilizers

Mineral fertilizers can be used both simple and complex. Phosphoric fertilizers accelerate flowering and fruit. Potash fertilizers contribute to the increase in yield and increase the resistance of the plant disease. Most often, potash fertilizers are introduced in a complex with nitrogen and phosphorus.

Pruning and formation

The tree needs sanitary and forming trimming. During sanitary, dried and damaged twigs, dry and weakened leaves are removed.

Forming trimming is carried out to create a beautiful tree crown. Forming the crown starts from the end of the first - on the second year of the life of the tree. In order to stimulate the growth of the side branches and the exploration of the crown of stitch, the main stem is shortened at a height of 20 - 25 cm.

Transfer

First, the young plant is recommended to put in a small pot. This is necessary for the proper development of the root plant of the plant. But as the tree is growing, it must be priced in a pot of a good pot. The fact that the plant needs a transplant, the following signs will speak:

  • Greens are so much that the soil is not visible through it;
  • roots of the plant "crawl" through drainage holes;
  • The plant does not increase in the amount, despite regular feeding;
  • The last time the plant transplant 1 - 2 years ago and even more.

Drug

When choosing a new pot, adhere to the same recommendations:

  • It should be stable;
  • It should have a sufficient amount of drainage holes;
  • It should correspond to a plant in size.

It is best to transplant the plant in the spring when it goes into an active growth stage. Before transplanting for several days, do not water the flower so that the earth dries, then the plant will easier extract from the pot.

Turn the pot and, slightly knocking on its walls, gently get out of it from it. If nothing happened, use the knife to separate the earthen car from the pot walls.

Tip: Inspect the root system of the plant. If there are angry, lifeless roots need to be trimmed.

Prepare a new pot, organize drainage and pour a little land into it. Then put the plant in the pot and fall asleep space between its roots and the walls of the earth's tank.

Find your fingers. Slightly knock the pot of the table, then the earth will take a little. If necessary, squeeze some more soil. Pour the soil and put the pot for the week in a privacy. After that, lychee will be returned to its familiar "place of residence."

Pots with lychee

Tip: Even if the plant is comfortable in its pot, it is recommended to replace the upper layer of the soil annually. The top layer of the Earth 2 - 3 cm thick is neatly removed with a spatula and be delivered to his place a new soil.

What diseases and pests can be?

Lychee is resistant to various diseases. Their development is possible in case of improper plant care. For example, with excessive watering on the roots of the plant can develop rot.

The lychee is subject to attacks of shields, whiteflinking, a web tong, TRIPS and TI. If the plant is infected with pests, you need to handle it as quickly as possible. You can try to get rid of them with soap mortar. The household soap rubbing on the grater and bred in warm water. The leafs and stalks of the plant are treated with soapy water, withstand 10 - 15 minutes and wash off with it with clean water.

Spots on the leaves

In cases of strong damage to the plant use special insecticide preparations. But it is important to apply them not during the period of fruiting.

How to achieve fruiting?

Trying lychee at home is not as difficult as to wait for his fruiting. Lica caught from the bone can give the first fruits no earlier than 5 years from the moment of landing. Pented plants bloom and fruit earlier.

To increase the likelihood of the fruction of the tree, should not be carried out a rigid crown crown. For the development of floral kidney, it is recommended to create a seasonal fluctuation of air temperature indoor.

The lychee is pollinated by the cross way, that is, pollen from one flower is transferred to another. Blooms the tree with non-brown brown and yellow inflorescences - panicles. On large trees growing in a natural environment, the size of the inflorescence can reach 70 cm. Of course, in room conditions the tree is not so magnificent.

lychee fruits

After about 4 months, fruits are formed from the flowers. A berry will appear far from each flower. Of the inflorescence with dozens of colors, only a few fruits can be tied. The remaining flowers are tremendous.

To achieve fruiting plants at home is truly real, and the experience of the flower water confirms. But it is important to carefully care for the tree and gain patience.

We recommend to watch video about the cultivation of lychee

Lychee is an evergreen tree growing in Southeast Asia. Fruits of lychee delicious, fragrant and highly appreciated for their useful properties. Their flesh is rich in ascorbic acid, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, but most importantly - it contains a large amount of vitamin RR, which protects the vessels from atherosclerosis. Due to this, the use of lychee fruit is an excellent means of preventing problems with heart and vessels. They are useful to everyone, but especially those who have cardiovascular diseases and predisposition to them, people aged.

Also lychee normalize the intestinal work, help with cough. Seeds of plants have healing properties. In Chinese medicine, they are used as an anesthetic, they are prescribed during orchite, neuralgia. In our country, these exotic fruits are rare, but indoor flower-growing lovers can raise a bone tree and get harvests at home.

Licacy Plant Description: how and where it grows

Motherland Plants - South China, from where it was distributed to other countries of Southeast Asia. Chinese plum passed only in areas with subtropical climates and fertile soils. In the areas of China, a moderate climate of lychee is not cultivated.

The plant prefers relatively cool and dry winter, in the tropics with their seasons of rains, though they grow, but do not fron.

Chinese plum on average has a height of 10-15 m. At room cultivation of the village reaches a height of 2-2.5 m. Thanks to the thick spreader crown, the plants look very attractive. Lychee leaves in shape resemble ash leaves, but denser, dark green with glossy glitter from above and pale green from below.

Blooming and fruiting

Flowers grown from seeds for 8-10 years, and obtained from seedlings - for 4-5 years. Flowers Chinese plum by panicles, reaching a length of 0.7 m and similar on the inflorescence of horse chestnut. This is not surprising, because both of these plants belong to one family - Sapindovy. After blowing on each panicle, up to 15 small (3-4 cm) of round fruits hanging over borders are formed.

Ripe lychee fruits have a dense red peel of red, translucent white flesh, for consistency resembling grapes, and a large dark brown bone. Peel and bone are easily separated from the pulp. To taste and the aroma of juicy lychee resemble something average between grapes and strawberries. Attached fruit is like a reptile eye with red scaly eyelids and a dark oblong pupil. For this feature of Lico, the name "Dragon Eye" was called.

Mass maturation and harvest of Chinese plum falls at the end of May - the beginning of June. When collecting the lychee, they break up, transport and stored clusters, if they are cut down alone, they quickly deteriorate.

What fruits can be found at home

Despite the fact that the bedroom village of Lico is almost ten times less than its natural fellows, the fruits on it can crush the most real, normal size, tasteful and smell characteristic of this exotic fetus. However, to achieve a crop, it will be necessary to provide the plant with all the necessary conditions and the correct care. Do not wait fast success - the homely trees grown from the bone can only be bloated for 8-12 years.

If the plant is grown from a cutter taken from a fruiting tree, or a vaccination is performed, then this period is reduced to 4-5 years.

How to choose a fetus for landing

The lychee seeds quickly lose their germination, so it is necessary to take a bone for landing, just removed from the fetus. So that the seeds safely sprouted, you need to choose a high-quality fruit. His signs:

  • size of at least 3 cm;
  • Pink-red peel (too pale or darkened lychers - misappropriate or perishable, their seeds may be fruitless);
  • lack of places of mold, spots, cracks;
  • Elastic to the touch;
  • Fresh pleasant fragrance (too sweet smell happens at stuck fruits).

For greater reliability, it is advisable to buy for landing not one, but a few lychee, because The germination of seeds as when landing the artichoke is not one hundred percent.

Conditions for growing at home

So that the lychee normally developed at room cultivation, it needs to provide conditions similar to those that the plant has in his homeland. First of all, it is necessary to take care of sufficient lighting. Read about picking tomato seedlings here.

So that the plant is not pulled out, it was compact, decorative and when adults reached, pleased with flowering and fruiting, it needs to be grown in rooms with windows of South, Eastern or Western orientation.

Chinese plum is a thermal-loving plant, so it is normally developing at room temperature. In the summer, with sufficient watering, the plants feel great even in the thirty-degree heat.

However, in the winter period, the high air temperature for the village is undesirable, because the subtropics for him are cool for him.

How to plant a bone

The best time for planting orange and lychee bones - from March to July, when the length of the day and air temperature is favorable for the development of this subtropical plant. But if you use highlighting lamps and heating, then you can plant lychee bones at any time of the year. For landing it is necessary to use seven from the newly eaten fetus, not letting it dry. The bone should be large, dark and glossy, without defects. You don't need to split it or damage the top layer for speedy germination. Read the processing of tomato seed before landing on seedlings read here.

How to germinate - preparation features

To accelerate germination, just collected bones of lychee are recommended before planting to soak in water for 7-10 days so that they swell. It is best to put them between two layers of pure x / b fabric and maintain it in wet state. The air temperature during the swelling period should not be below + 25 ° C. It is necessary to ensure that the mold does not appear on the fabric, there was no unpleasant odor.

It is better not to install clumsy bones on the windowsill, especially if it is concrete or stone to avoid their hypothermia.

Selection of soil and tanks for landing

While the seeds swell, it is necessary to prepare the soil and the container for planting them. As a capacity, it is convenient to use the food plastic tray with a height of 7-8 cm. The soil for germination of seeds is needed light, the riding peat is well suited with the additive vermiculite. You can also use universal soil for decorative-deciduous plants, peat pills for seedlings, sheet humus, which predefinitely need to disappear to destroy pests. It is also necessary to prepare drainage - a crumbling of a small fraction or a crushed foam, broken brick, small crushed stone.

Rules and ways to land

The landing of pre-closed seeds is made as follows:

  1. On the bottom of the tank layer 2-3 cm lapers drainage.
  2. From above pounded in advance prepared slightly moistened substrate.
  3. On the surface of the soil, the plafhmy lay the seeds at a distance of 5-7 cm from each other and from the walls of the vessel.
  4. Pop the bones of the soil layer 1 cm and slightly tamper.
  5. Watering seeds with water in which they soaked, but not much - the liquid should not perform above the surface of the soil.
  6. Place the tray in a transparent plastic bag and put in a warm well-lit place, but not under direct sunlight.

After 3-4 days, sprouts are sprout from the seeds, and the intensive growth of shoots begins. In just a week, they grow by 12-15 cm and get bored by a pair of double leaves. Young leaves at lychee red-orange color, gradually they are green. During the period of intensive growth of seedlings, it is necessary to unleash the package and open it more and more, gradually catching the plants to the room air. When two pairs of double leaves grow, lychee transplanted into small pots.

The size of the pots are selected so that the root system filled them almost completely.

Similarly, landing of chucks of lychee in peat tablets is made. Before use, they are watered with warm water for disconnection, and then in the recess is placed the bone and poured with a thin layer of peat.

Plant care

It is easy to care for the Chinese plum tree, if you provide it with the right conditions of content - the level of illumination and temperature regime. All that will be required of you:

  • on time to water the plant in order to prevent the cutting of the earth coma;
  • spray a tree in the heat and follow the purity of the leaves;
  • from time to time to water fertilizers;
  • Sometimes do the trimming of the stretching Welve and Tranking the village to a larger pot;
  • If there are signs of diseases to produce pests.

If you all do everything right, lychee thank you with your decorative views and delicious useful fruits.

Temperature mode

As a resident of subtropics, lychee loves heat during the period of active growth (25-30 ° C) and cool content during winter peace.

If you wish to achieve flowering and face fruiting, it is necessary to arrange wintering with a temperature not higher than 20 ° C (better than 15-17 ° C).

At the same time, it is necessary to provide the plant sufficient duration of the daylight and the level of illumination. Watering during the winter peace period reduce, cease to make fertilizers.

If you do not provide a trees cool wintering, then he will not be laid flower kidneys.

Lighting

In his homeland, the Chinese plum grows under the scoring sun, which means that the best place for its content is the windows of South, Eastern and Western orientation. However, when growing a plant in a pot, there are its nuances - the midday sun warms the vase, from the heated window glass it goes hot air. Therefore, you need to shade the pot from the sun, put the plant away from the glasses. Young plants need to teach the sunshine gradually. If you see that indoor lychee does not respond poorly to direct sunlight, priest to sticking it on the glass polyethylene film.

In the subtropics, the light day in winter is longer than here, so in the winter period, the lychee needs to be heated so that it is covered 13-14 hours.

For the lights, it is more profitable to use the LED color temperature lamp 6400 K (cold white) with a capacity of 10-12 W. During the preparation for flowering, it is desirable to apply a warm white spectrum lamp with a color temperature of 2700 K.

Watering and humidity

Lychi air humidity is much less demanding than, for example, tropical plants. Problems associated with dryness air may occur during seeds, as well as during periods of heating and air conditioners. To avoid these problems, the germinating seedman is placed in homemade greenhouse, in hot weather a plant is sprayed daily.

With cool wintering, it is necessary to water the lychee. Since the absorbency of the roots is reduced, watering should be more rare. But it is impossible to cut the substrate.

Since excessive dryness in heated and air-conditioned rooms is harmful not only for plants, but also for people, the best solution will be the use of air humidifiers.

The plant is moisture, it requires regular watering as the upper layer of soil has been burned with warm and not rigid water.

Fertilizers and feeding

During the period of active growth, regular feeding is required by nitrogenous fertilizers, and in preparation for flowering, it is necessary to provide a plant with a sufficient amount of phosphorus and potassium. You can use any fertilizer for decorative-deciduous plants or a solution of overlooking cowhrouded navigation. Phosphorus and potassium needed for flowering and fruiting are contained in fertilizers for flowering room plants. It is already an adult plant to begin to feed them.

Produce feeding during the period of active growth once every two weeks. It is advisable to make a solution concentration a little less than indicated in the instructions, and it is not difficult to fertilize, and the wet soil. After the transplantation of the plant, it does not fertilize at least a month.

Crown Pruning and Forming

So that the lychee was lush and decorative, he needs a trimming that in spring before starting active growth. Too long branches are shortened, remove shoots growing inside the crown. Do not make cardinal trimming only in the trees that you cook for blossom, because At the ends of the branches form floral kidneys.

The easiest plant tolerates not trimming, but pinching, so do not wait until the branches stretch, cut off their tips in places where the kidneys are directed outward crowns. It will stimulate their height, and the tree will be beautiful to branch. When leek should be removed in this article.

Transfer

So that the tree has developed rapidly, it needs timely transplant. Planting a plant in a large pot "on the grown" is a mistake. A small root system cannot master the large amount of soil, as a result, the plant spends strength not to increase the above-ground part, but on the development of roots. At the same time, water from the substrate is not absorbed, it is stuffed, the soil can scatter.

To transplant the pot, you need to take 4-5 cm more than the previous one in diameter and in height. The presence of a hole in the bottom and drainage layer must.

It is best to use the method of transshipment, without destroying an earthen one with roots. The younger plant, the more often he needs a transship. In the first vegetative period, several transshipments may be required, in the following years - only in spring, before starting active growth. Adult plants transplant once every 2-3 years, annually updating the top layer of the substrate in the pot. About the cultivation of a bow on the feather in the greenhouse will tell this material.

The soil for lychee should be moisture, weakly acid and nutritious. A substrate based on the upper peat with the addition of a disintegrator and chernozem is suitable. The older the tree, the greater should be in the substrate of the nutrient soil.

Protection against diseases and pests

Chinese plum is susceptible to fungal diseases, is amazed by a spider tower, aphid, tormenting Cherver. The most dangerous fungal or bacterial damage to the root system. His signs are sluggish leaves, leaf falling in the absence of soil sneaking, putrid the smell of pot. In such cases, urgent transplantation with rinsing the root system and the treatment with antifungal feeders is required. On the principle of the action of phytoosporin for currants will tell this link.

The pests of the above-ground part of the plant are easy to identify the following features:

  • a web tir - on thin web on the underside of the affected leaves;
  • fungus - on dark spots on the leaves; Terle can be seen with the naked eye;
  • The torment Cherver is similar to clusters of wool on the branches and the back of the leaves.

To successfully combat pests, they are important to identify them in time, so at the slightest signs of such a carefully trying the plant.

There are effective funds against all these pests, including not too toxic for people who can be applied in rooms. As you use, described in instructions attached to them.

Video

How to grow Lico See in this video:

conclusions

  1. Licacy is a delicious and useful exotic fruit, which can be successfully grown at home.
  2. In order for the Chinese plum fruit, it needs to provide bright lighting throughout the year, in the autumn-winter period, the lamps are needed to a 14-hour daylight lamp.
  3. For the laying of floral kidney, it is necessary to cool winter content (15-17 ° C).
  4. The process of landing a pineapple as and care for the village of Lichi is simple - uniform watering, systematic feeding, timely transplant. This will provide good development, flowering and fruiting Chinese plums.
Photo source: https://yandex.kz/collections/card/5a02ceb0acbcf6002ecfd5e7
Photo source: https://yandex.kz/collections/card/5a02ceb0acbcf6002ecfd5e7

Lychee is an unusual tropical fruit, the taste of which is comparable to grapes. It turns out that this exotic plant can be raised at home. How to put a bone of lychee and care for the culture?

Description of culture

In the nature of lychee - evergreen high (about 15 m) tree. His spreading crown is decorated with glossy oblong leaves. In indoor culture, the plant rarely reaches 2-2.5 m. Its size is limited only to the ceiling height and pot volume.

Blossom comes for 7-8 year. Flowers are collected in long (about half a meter) umbrella inflorescences, do not have petals. On every color, only a small amount of fruits grows.

Fruits are tied as a result of cross-pollination. The lychee is covered with thin but dense pink-red peel with sharp tubercles. White flesh, jelly-like. Bone is large.

Photo 1.

How to grow lidchi bone at home: all secrets

Lica bone landing

Fresh seeds of the plant possess the greatest germination. It makes no sense to look for them in flower stores, it is more correct to buy a fruit itself and remove the bone.

Bone landing process:

  • From ripe fetus removing seed. In shape, color and size it is more reminiscent of acorn.
How to grow lidchi bone at home: all secrets
  • You do not need to dry the bone or open the peel. Carefully clean it from pulp residue to prevent the development of rot. Washed and soaked in warm water for 12-24 hours.
How to grow lidchi bone at home: all secrets
  • To germinate the seeds of lychee is recommended in a wet dispente substrate. Vermiculitis, coconut soil, agroperlite suitable. In ordinary earth or neuropogrut, the likelihood of bone rotting is great.
How to grow lidchi bone at home: all secrets
  • The selected substrate is moisturized. On the surface, seeds are laid out for germination, at a distance of at least 1 cm from each other. You do not need to fall asleep.
How to grow lidchi bone at home: all secrets
  • Capacity with bones are covered with a package and remove to the warmest place. The optimal temperature suitable for the germination of lychee is at least 25 degrees. Sprouts appear in two weeks.
How to grow lidchi bone at home: all secrets

Tightening with the picking seedlings with a mass landing in one container should not be. In just 2 weeks they will have time to twist the roots. As a result, the root system will be injured in the process of disperse. Lychee will be sick or perished.

Plant care

For the correct growth and development of lychee it is necessary to ensure care, imitating the natural habitat - tropics.

The soil

Lychee grows well in any nutritious, light, loose soil. For its cultivation, any universal soil is suitable, or intended for fruit crops.

Do not land a plant in garden land. So you can put a large number of pests, fungi, viruses.

At the bottom of the pot surely laid drainage. This will prevent moisture stiring and root rotting.

Watering

For irrigation of the plant, only mild, warm water is suitable. Water with the surface of the surface layer of the soil. It is impossible to allow strong drying of the soil, it can provoke the death of lychee.

Cold water and frequent watering are also harmful to a tropical resident.

Air humidity

Lychee is demanding of high humidity. It is necessary to spray it daily or install a humidifier.

Increased dryness of air causes drying the edges of the leaf plate in the plant. In addition, lychee is attacked by a spider tick.

Lighting

The best place to accommodate is a southern windowsill with a small twentying. The windows of the eastern, western orientation are also suitable.

Subordinate

Fertilizers begin with 3-4 month old seedlings monthly or twice a month. Organic and mineral solutions should be alternate.

Trimming

The formation of the correct crown begins on the first second year. The main stalk of the plant is cut at the desired height (15-25 cm). It stimulates the growth and development of side branches.

Lico is an exotic plant capable of growing in room conditions. For the winter, in contrast to many fruit crops, it does not lose decorativeness. And to grow your own seedlings from the tropical "acorns" is quite simple.

Have you tried to grow lidchi from the bone at home? It's simple. I will give detailed instructions to how to do it and answer frequent questions. I'm sure my experience will come in handy.

Cultivation of lychee

This is the lico berries that grow and at home

Useful and harmful properties of lychee

With the "Dragon Eye", or lychee, I recently met. I liked the product on one of the fruit shelves in the store "Ashhan", bought, and the cost is not too high. The seller praised, spoke a lot of things about the benefits.

Here are the main advantages that lico possesses:

  • A dozen fruits per day prevents the occurrence of atherosclerosis, reduces blood cholesterol levels.
  • The fruits minimize the inflammatory processes of the stomach and intestines, as they have an enveloping property.
  • Lychee is rightfully considered to be fruit of men and women, as it is able to strengthen the attraction to each other, speaking as a natural aphrodisiac.
  • It struggles with the occurrence of cancer cells.
  • Increases the protective functions of the body, and also opposes pathogenic bacteria in the offseason.
  • Useful for anemia.
  • Eliminates constipation.
  • Sweet hunger.
  • Helps in the treatment of smallpox.

To diversify the diet with useful products ,.

Contraindications of the use of lychee are:

  • Individual intolerance.
  • Diabetes.
  • Allergic reaction.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding period.

Love sweets? So that the whole winter be healthy and enjoy the exotic.

I learned that you can grow lychee on the window sill of a bone, which remained. I decided to try, now I will share what I did.

What varieties are suitable for growing a lychee in a pot

Lychee varieties exist not so much. I collected information about those that can be raised at home. I propose to familiarize yourself with the brief characteristic of varieties.

Sort Lica Distinctive characteristics Features
Green hanging The foliage of the light green color, the green stripes are noticeable on the fruits. Fruits are ready for consumption, even having lain without peel a few days.
Sweet Osmanthus Fruits have the characteristic smell and the taste of Osmanthus, which differs from other varieties; Peeling with clearly pronounced grouses of dark red. After the fruit was held in their hands, the oily trail remains.
Green Yatu On the rough surface of the peel differ green spots. The variety is valuable due to the increased content of sugars in the pulp.
Smile concubine After cleaning the fruits in the hands remains reddish juice, which highlights the peel. The variety is considered the earliest, as it starts fruit from May.
Adhesive rice balls Taste of lychee - honey, pulp solid, smooth skin, without bugs. There are representatives without a bone or it is very small.
May red Peel buggy, red, without inclusions, fruit is slightly smaller than other varieties. Early maturation - in early May.

I liked the grade sticky rice balls more, attracted the fact that the fruits do not have bones. Get this, of course, problematic.

Even if any of the varieties of lychee in the store comes, it is worth remembering that cultivation conditions are almost the same.

If you do not know how luxy looks like, watch the video:

Choose the best grade lychee together

Friends, let's choose the best grade litter for growing at home!

How to grow lidchi bone on the windowsill

I think it is unlikely to buy a ready sapling, so I tried to germinate the bone myself. I describe what happened.

If there is no desire to grow lychee ,.

Where to get a bone for landing

The bone of lychee took from the fruit bought in the store. Chose the largest copies. Fruits should be ripe. In my opinion, bright red peel, juicy and almost transparent pulp - signs of complete ripeness.

Bones, I got them five, washed with water from under the tap from the remnants of the pulp and dried well.

Licacy bones

Bones extracted from bought fruits are suitable for further landing

Do you need to germinate before landing

Since the skin of the seed is quite dense, it is necessary to prepare it for germination. To do this, I wrapped them into a wet cloth and removed into a cool place for a week. All the time watched the material was wet. You can germinate seeds in a wet vermiculite, coconut soil, disgraced substrate.

For a week, the firm crust of seeds should be slightly swell and burst. Planting material is ready.

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Natalia Paphanova

Blog author

It is impossible to store bones of lychee for a long time. It is necessary to plant right away, otherwise they will not sprout.

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Natalia Paphanova

Blog author

If you caught not enough ripe lychee, you can add preparations, stimulating rooting, zircon or epin for germination.

Soil for landing

In nature, the lychee grows perfectly in loose fertile soil. So, at home should be attached to similar primer. I bought an earth in the store for fruit indoor plants. I think the land is suitable with the "universal" mark.

It is impossible to plant in garden land, as there are many pathoral microorganisms in it, which will negatively affect the germination of lychee.

For five seeds, two pots took a diameter of 15 cm and 10 cm, with large drainage holes so that the water flows well into the pallet. I'm afraid to post the root system. At the bottom of Kashpo poured a layer of claymzit 2 cm.

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Natalia Paphanova

Blog author

From various sources learned about the increased capriciousness of lychee, so I bought clay pots. Natural material, breathable. And since the plant requires a lot of moisture, in such tanks, the ground will not be covered with mold.

Rules landing

After you have prepared a pot and soil, proceed to the landing of the rubber bones of Lichi:

  1. In the soil I make small recesses, about 1.5-2 cm.
  2. Placed seeds horizontally, as the growth will begin on both sides. In one direction the foliage will begin to be brought to another - the root system.
  3. I have five seeds, placed them in two pots. In one, which is smaller - two, in the other - three pieces.

Future plants wipe well with warm water, covered with polyethylene and removed on a warm window sill.

On the windowsill, you can create a garden of various fruit plants, many of which are not very whims. For example, .

Through how much shoots will appear

To speed up the germination of seeds, always followed the state of the soil in the pot. It must be wet, then the seedlings will appear in a week. They proceed with me a little later, after -3 weeks, because the bones of Nobuchley were not very strong and did not sprout, but only cleaned on the one hand.

Sprouts

So the redish shoots of lychee look like

When to transplant in a pot

Before the appearance of a small sprout from the Earth passed 18 days. I removed the film from Cachepo and rearranged on the bright side of the house. Since the sun lights down the window, glued clean sheets of paper on the glass to protect the latter plant from burns.

The first lip leaves are unusually red, which is its distinctive feature.

In a larger pot transfer, when five real leaves were formed, and the plant became more like a miniature tree. But remember: it will take about six months so that 3-5 leaves have grown on the tree. Similarly. I advise you to get acquainted.

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Natalia Paphanova

Blog author

The root system of lychee grow well, and in 2 weeks can proper all the earthen com, therefore it should not postpone the picking plant. Especially if the seeds for germination are planted in one container.

Every time you are going to transplant lychee, take a pot of 5 cm more than the previous one. On average, the transplant must be made 1 time in 6 months.

Learn more information about the fruits of lychee, looking at the video:

Care rules for lychee tree at home

Lica is a tropical plant, it needs to ensure the conditions of growth, approximate to natural. Because of this, he is considered a whimsical, in fact it is not.

If there is still a place on your windowsill, I propose to add a note of exotic and.

How to care for lychee at home? I share with you my experience.

Watering

Watering is important for lychee. It is not necessary to fill a plant, but it is not necessary to limit it in moisture. The soil must be moderately moist, but not like dirt. The fruit tree does not tolerate drought both soil and air, so he sprayed it from the sprayer several times a day.

Do not be afraid if a small puddle is in the pallet. It is even good for lychee. If necessary, the roots will take advantage of this water.

Grow lychee at home?

Yes Not

How to choose the soil

Already wrote that I took advantage of the purchase of soil for fruit plants. There are several types of soil for lychee:

  • Ready mix for exotic plants;
  • soil for deciduous plants;
  • Combination of universal soil with peat in a 1: 2 ratio.

It is important to note that the soil acidity for lychee must be medium in the range of 5.5-7.5 pH.

Lighting

Tropical lychee requires a lot of light, but not direct sunlight. Light day for him should be up to 15 hours.

In the summer, there will be no problems, but, since September, the light day is shortened, so I installed additional daylight lamps. They included only in the evening. Fitolamba is suitable, which are sold in specialized stores.

Caring for lico

Posted on the sunny side of the house - lychee loves light

Loosening and mulching

Swimming is required frequent so that the water penetrates the pot well, and the surplus glasses in the pallet.

Soil in a pot, I have not been migrated. It must be loose to preserve good moisture permeability and aeration.

Roomflowers loosen with a simple pencil, pointed at the end. You can take a thin wand or a special device. To loosen the upper layer is needed to a depth of 1.5-2 cm so as not to damage the root system.

In order for the occupation of home gardening to bring a maximum of joy, put several plants. For this, find out.

Temperature mode

This is another important cultivation condition. In the summer, I kept the temperature to 30 degrees. With such indicators, lycha is growing actively.

Starting from September, the plant leaves during rest. Not to say that it completely ceased growth and development, but they are significantly reduced, therefore the temperature dropped to 20 degrees. Just rearranged the pot to another window sill, where there is no heating radiator nearby. Interestingly, under similar conditions. Recommend. 🙂

How to fertilize lychee in a pot

The feeding is an important element of agricultural engineering, on which the growth rate of lychee depends. Since it took a purchased mixture rich in minerals for landing, I didn't make anything for the first three months. Again, not having the experience of growing exotic plants, tried to find out in a good way, how to feel my "experiment".

How to understand what is missing lychee?

The main signals that need to make feeding, are:

  1. The yellow leaves is yellow, which slowly rises to the top. While the upper leaves change the color, the bottom is already falling. The phenomenon warns about nitrogen shortage.
  2. The lack of potassium is determined by brown spots on the foliage. The juiciness and brightness of the lychee disappears, the plant slows down.
  3. The absence of phosphorus in the soil is also noticeable in the tree. The leaves are twisted, darken, and then fall.

Such symptoms may cost a plant of life. It is necessary to take measures and make fertilizers in a timely manner.

Planting lychee at home

Timely feeding will allow litter to grow in full force

Organic fertilizers

From the organic lychee, it speaks well to a cowboat solution, which is prepared at the rate of: 1 part of the fertilizer and 15 parts of water. Another option is the peat present in the composition of the soil at the time of transplant, so it is not necessary to neglect.

The organic applies when the plant is considered adults - in 2 years.

Inorganic fertilizers

Mineral fertilizers are suitable comprehensive with the mark "for fruit."

Rules for making subordinates

For the first time, the "green pet" bored 4 months after landing. What rules held:

  1. After 4 months, fertilizers with an increased phosphorus content. It stimulates the growth and development of roots.
  2. 10 months after the first feeding, nitrogen nitrogen was necessary for the development of green mass.
  3. The third feeding of potassium will be required at the time of flowering or formation of the wound. But it will be in 2 years.

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In winter, litchi do not feed.

Nutrient mixtures prepared strictly according to the instructions, observing the dosage. In a different way, it is impossible, you can turn the seedling. It is necessary to pour a diluted solution only to wet soil so as not to burn the roots.

How to clean and use the fruits of lychee, watch the video:

Did you know how to fertilize lychee? I propose to stay and. Easy article will help you unload your head slightly and not get confused in the subtleties. :)

Methods for the treatment of frequent lychee diseases in the apartment

In nature, the tree of lycha is growing without being subjected to diseases and pests. But with room growing, if not ensuring proper care, the likelihood of infection with viruses increases.

Fungal diseases and methods to combat them

Fungi - Malicious microeratism capable of ruining the plant. What is dangerous for lychee:

  1. Puffy Rosa: Stall Lichy becomes light, the leaves begin to fade and fall. After a few months, the plant can perish. In order to protect the lychee, the contaminated shoots cut off, and the tree itself sprayed the antifungal agent teemite jet. The instruction says that 10 liters must be taken from 25 to 80 g of powder. Of course, 10 liters are for my lychee a lot, so it took a fungicide on the tip of the knife and stirred in 1 liter of water. This solution was sprayed.
  2. Anthracnose. Symptoms - red-brown or gray-green spots on the foliage. Reason for the development of fungus - soil moistening. Used fungicide by oxych, destroying the spores fungus. In 1 liter of water poured half the teaspoon of the granules, well stirred and treated her bun.
  3. Mushroom root rot. The lychee is intensively tagged, and the irrigation cannot reanimate it. After wilting, complete death comes. At the first signs, the plant transplanted into a new capacity and soil, while carefully processing the roots with special means. Under hand, Phytosporin was, and used it. Prepare a solution turned out to be problematic. I have 1 ampoule that divorces 10 liters of water. I had to open it and add to 1 l just 1 drop, the rest threw. The remaining divorced drug was treated with adjacent flowers on the windowsill.
  4. The stem cancer is expressed by the split of the tips of the shoots, the peeling of the cortex on the stem. For treatment used the antifungal agent phytodeterm. In 1 liter of clean water, 2 ml of concentrate spread, overflow the solution into the pulverizer and sprayed the lychee.

The active solutions prepared, according to the instructions, and the plant processed using rubber gloves and the respirator. When processing, I watched the children and the cat are not approaching, and after everything thoroughly washed with soap solution and ventilated the room.

Viral diseases and methods to combat them

If the leaves are twisted, they change the color, the fault can be nematodes. The smallest parasites living in the soil and sucking roots. In the process of its vital activity, they infect the virus all the plant.

In the fight against worms should take measures:

  1. Remove the flower together with the ground. Soil shook and throw away.
  2. Rinse thoroughly and processed by heterophos.
  3. If the pot in size still allows you to grow lychee, rinse it with a solution of manganese. The second option is to replace Kashpo.
  4. Soil and drainage to take new ones. Latch in them.

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Natalia Paphanova

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Nematodes develops at temperatures up to 30 degrees. When it enhances it, the parasite is dying, so one of the methods of struggle can be the steaming of roots in hot water (the temperature is not higher than 55 degrees).

Diseases of lychee

Timely detection of disease symptoms will save the bush from death

Pests and methods to combat them

Although the lychee is considered a plant sustainable to pests, OIs have a place to be. Among them are the following:

  • white throats;
  • triples;
  • web tick;
  • shields;
  • aphid;
  • mealybug.

These insects parasitize at different parts of the plant, so the symptoms of the disease are different:

  1. The wave striking the deciduous part, sucking the juice and twisting the leaf plates. At the places of insects, the structure of greenery reminds the network.
  2. After the trips on the leaves, white oblong bands are noticeable - these are the moves for which pests move.
  3. The web tick swears the plant with the finest cobweb, twisting the foliage. After the tick, the leaves are quickly yellow, dry and fall.
  4. Shield and torment Cherver dwell on all parts of lychee, sucking juice. On the spot where the pest was sitting, a sticky brown trail remains.

How to deal with insects:

  1. Treatment with a solution of economic soap can be effective when infected with a shield. The shield is a panese pest, so it is important that the destructive agent falls under a dense shell. Economic soap (in arbitrary quantity) grate and mix with water. Soap solution to irrigate or wipe the leaf leaves. The solution will dry and remain on the plant, the shield will absorb it and die.
  2. Spraying by acaricidal or insecticidal means.
  3. You can smoke with foliage and stems with riotions, garlic, dandelion. From herbs prepare infusion, for which a beam of freshly spent or 1 tbsp. l. The dried raw materials poured 1 liters of boiling water and insist the day, and then water the soil under lychee and spray the foliage. Then you need to remove the visible dead pests.
  4. Application of phytodemer, actara or spark bio. For example, phytodeter is diluted in the following proportions: 2 ml of means of 200 ml of water. Against the tolls or tick of the lychee should be sprayed three times a week. Aktara is divorced in the ratio: 1 ml of the active substance is 1.25 liters of water. There are two procedures with an interval of 10 days, and you get rid of pest insects.

The main thing is to detect insects in a timely manner and take action.

Complex prevention of diseases

Insects on Litchi

AKTELLIK - a complex insecticidal agent against insect pests

In order not to allow lychee to be infected with pests insects, viruses or fungi, it is important to carry out simple prevention measures:

  • Conduct a regular inspection of houseplants;
  • If the adjacent flower is infected, insulated from the rest and take care of it;
  • Keep lychee apart;
  • At the first signs of infection, immediately proceed to treatment.

If next to the lychee, the patient plant, it must be sprayed and shed insecticide. The same thing, but in preventive purposes, to do with your exotom.

In the video below, the blogger tells in detail how to transplant indoor lico:

How to care for lychee in winter

In winter, the exotic tree slows down growth, dwells at rest. Despite this, it requires watering and loosening.

Is it necessary to strengthen?

Once we grow lychers at home, shelters for the winter is not required, but slightly reduce the ambient temperature is necessary. I stopped the pot with a fruit on the window sill, where there is no heating battery nearby. No other actions do not need to be performed.

Does the pruning required?

It is for wintering that this procedure is not necessary, but in spring leaves can dry, and remove them. But in the first years of life, the haircut will have to spend. So that the plant had beautiful shapes, shocked stretched shoots. It is impossible to overdo it with trimming, in order not to disturb the flowering.

Do I need watering and fertilizer in winter?

In winter, lycha is watered 1 time per week. In the first year of life, the feeding is made 2 times on the schedule presented above. Additional fertilizer is not required.

Learned how to care for lychee? I propose a little change in the situation and. This information is always useful.

How to propagate lychee at home

At home, grow another beautiful bush is possible only from the bones, which remained from the eaten fruit. I do not see other options. It is possible to roam the stalk, but not having tried. I think if you cut off a small escape and put it in the sand and under the hood, then the roots can grow.

Larch reproduction

Get a new luxury bush can only be bone

Natalia Paphanova

Natalia Paphanova

Blog author

Ask your question

Growing lychee, many questions may arise. I will try to answer clearly so that you do not have to look for additional information.

Is it possible to reanimate lychee if you didn't watered it for a long time?

Natalia Paphanova

If the lychee does not water more than a month, he will throw a foliage and dried. In this case, resuscitation will not save. Exception - Winter months, when watering spend once a week.

After how much will the lychee be froning?

Natalia Paphanova

Under compliance with the rules of landing and leaf care will delight the fruits for the third year. Some copies of fruit only after 48 months.

Will there be a taste of grown houses of lychee from shop?

Natalia Paphanova

Will not be. But at home, it is hard to determine the ripeness of fruits, and overripe fruit absolutely tasteless.

Does lychee drops in winter leaves?

Natalia Paphanova

In winter, the decorative pet does not drop leaves, but some of them are yellow and fall. This happens if the earth did not quit or rejected. Sometimes, as new leaves appear, old flying.

How to increase the yield of lychee at home?

Natalia Paphanova

Only the correct care for Lycha will allow him to be fruitful in force. The exclusion of any of the agrotechnical techniques leads to a delay in the development of the plant itself, which means that the appearance of fruits will have to wait long. In order not to skip the moment of feeding or trimming, get the diary, where to specify the necessary time.

Photo gallery of growing lying house

I will summarize

Friends, I think, assisted those who dream of growing lychers at home. Fruit is really useful for a person. To achieve good growth, you need to know and follow the rules:

  1. Only germinated bones of ripe copies are planted.
  2. The plant loves a 15-hour daylight, which is created artificially.
  3. It is impossible to overvolt the soil and allow it to complete drying.
  4. Fertilize from 4 months.
  5. In the first year, the plant is cut off.
  6. For winter, temperatures are reduced from 30 to 20 degrees.
  7. Monitor the state of the plant for diseases and pests.

If the recommendations are completed, you can boast a tree to relatives or colleagues. If someone has a successful experience of growing lychee in the apartment, share with us, leaving feedback.

Check yourself: Do you know how to grow lychee?

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Lychee is an exotic tree with round fruits in red peel, juicy sour-sweet pulp, a large oval brown bone. Everyone who wants to understand how to grow lychee at home from the bone, you will need useful information and advice of experienced flowerflowers.

It is interesting to know what a lychee looks like. Photo of the original plant will surely interest fans of exotic. The apartment "Eye of the Dragon" does not grow up as in nature, but you can always surprise friends and relatives who are interested in what the miracle tree grows into the dwelling.

How and where the lychee grows in natural conditions

grow lidchi bone at home

Useful information:

  • In Europe, an unusual appeal came from distant edges. Motherland Lico - China.
  • Exotic plant grows in a subtropical, tropical and subequatorial climate. The tree develops well near the reservoirs (rivers, lakes), on the sea coast.
  • In nature, the tree grows up to 10-30 meters, the surface is covered with saturated green green foliage, small flowers, fruits with red peel, are similar to the plum.
  • There are two types of exotic plants: Phillipsky and Chinese lychee.
  • An amazing plant grows in natural conditions on different continents: in Japan, India, Philippines, Hawaii, Cuba, Thailand. In the people it is called: Chinese plum, the eye of the dragon, Lisie, Lidji.

How to choose a fetus for landing

First, you should buy the basis for breeding exotic fetus in the store. Preferences give the original fruit on the fruit with bright red peel. Lychee with a greenish, dark red, a brownish shell should not be taken: inside the bone is underdeveloped or overwhelmed, and the fruit itself will not be so pleasant for taste.

What conditions are needed to grow lychee at home

Licacy How to grow bone houses

Useful information for amateur flower products:

  • ensure temperature regime + 28 ... + 30 ° C, air humidity 70-80%;
  • provide an exotic plant with good lighting;
  • regulate irrigation, perform spraying with warm, dilated water;
  • to bring liquid and granulated mineral fertilizers in a timely manner;
  • pick up a suitable substrate for landing;
  • use appropriate cultivation containers;
  • On time to transplant the plant.

How to grow from bone

Many seen in supermarkets exotic, unusual red fruit. Often, the hostess ask a question, is it possible to grow a tropical look in the apartment. If there is a desire, patience and useful knowledge, everything is possible.

The plant does not accidentally have original names. If you cut the lychee, it turns out that the view of the halves really resembles the eye of the dragon. The photo will probably become interested in fans of exotic species.

You must do the following:

  • Buy fresh, ripe berry;
  • Clean the bone from the flesh, rinse and germinate a week;
  • Prepare pots with drainage;
  • fill with a suitable substrate;
  • Place the basis into the soil;
  • pour water room temperature;
  • Cover the film by creating a mini-greenhouse;
  • Put the container in a warm place + 28 ° C;
  • periodically viewed how the plant is punctured, water, remove the condensate from the lid;
  • The sprouts make their way through the soil for 10 days.

how to grow lidchi bone

Next steps:

  • Remove the shelter from the pot, place a container with a sprouted bone to a bright place;
  • monitor the state of the soil so as not to sing;
  • provide a temperature in the room not lower than + 20 ° C, air humidity 70%;
  • When the sprout reaches 20-25 cm of height, you need to transplant the crown copy to the container, the largest previous one by 4-5 cm, for good growth of the root system;
  • Understand the land;
  • Mandatory part of the agrotechnical events - to produce first feeding with liquid fertilizers, in about three months;
  • The subsequent introduction of mineral compositions spend 9 months after 9 months.

Further use of chemical fertilizers is carried out once in the season. The transplant to new pots are necessary when necessary when the young litter lacks the place and nutrients in the old capacity.

Is it possible to grow home from bone

Preparation of bones

So that the basis for an exotic fruit gave rise to a new plant, it needs to be processed:

  • Clean the seed from the pulp;
  • put in natural fabric and moisturize;
  • make sure that the napkin is always wet;
  • A week later, or a little later, the bone will start germinate;
  • Put the landing of a young litter in a pot with a drainage and the right substrate.

Tip! For more active germination it is useful to withstand the foundation in water (7 days) before planting, as well as process growth stimulants.

Preparation of soil

The optimal option is to purchase a special mixture in agromagazine for exotic plants, because it will be difficult to balance all the necessary components yourself.

The main requirements for the soil:

  • have appropriate acidity (6-6.5);
  • approach chemical, mineral composition;
  • have good air and water permeability;
  • Soil should not be overdue;
  • Certificates of quality are attached to the substrate in packages;
  • It is useful to use the soil of famous brands and manufacturers.

Rules landing

Is it possible to grow lychee at home

An important role is played by the proper landing of the bone in the ground. Incorrect landing can prevent rapid germination of an exotic type.

How to act:

  • Buy ripe fruit lychee, extract seeds, produce germination (7-12 days);
  • Fill the pot with the substrate with suitable quality and composition;
  • The Vazone add, approximately 50 mm drainage (clay, crushed stone, small gravel, pebbles);
  • The bone is placed in the soil, deepen by 10 mm;
  • It is well watered with warm, estimated water;
  • covered with a lid (food film, cellophane, glass);
  • put a container in the room with a temperature of + 28 ° C;
  • Watch, check the germination of planting material, moisturizes the ground, ventilate, remove condensate;
  • Two weeks later, sprout will appear;
  • Next remove the shelter;
  • Find a well-lit place, with humidity of air 70-80% and temperature + 25 ... + 29 ° C;
  • When 4-6 of the real leaves appeared, they transplanted a stubborn copy to a larger capacity (difference, about 30-40 mm).

Useful for insurance to use several bones for germination.

Mango from boneDo you know how to grow other exotic bone crops? Learn about how to germinate the mango bone and how to care for the tree.

Useful advice on how from the bone of the mandarin to raise the tree and whether you can get sweet fruits at this address.

How to care

The main thing: comply with the requirements of the plant content:

  • timely watering and spraying;
  • fertilizer making;
  • Good lighting in the room, light day - no less than 15 hours a day;
  • temperature - at + 26 ° C, humidity - 75%;
  • Properly selected substrate.

Thanks to the optimal care, the exotic chief of the lychee will be amazed by an evergreen crown and can please the fruits.

Temperature

Fruit Lico How to grow at home

For the breaking of the bone, the indicators must be quite high: + 28 ... + 30 ° C: In natural conditions, the Chinese plum grows in a hot climate. In the future, after the appearance of sprouts, the temperature should not be reduced less + 20 ... + 22 ° C.

Lighting

So that the plant grow better and develops, you need to ensure good lighting. Place an exotic instance on the eastern or western windows. In the northern part, an additional lamp light will be required, and on South - in summer, it is necessary to take care of the Chinese plum from the negative impact of a powerful ultraviolet.

Watering and humidity

Like many exotic plants, the Dragon's eye needs timely watering more than other flowers: in nature, the look grows in a tropical and subtropical climate.

Important nuances:

  • Soil moisturizing is produced by warm and filtered water, as they dry in the pot of the upper part of the earthen coma.
  • Spraying produce from a finely dispersed pulverizer once a day, on a hot summer period - twice a day.
  • Be sure to ensure increased air humidification in the room - up to 70-80%.

To maintain a certain microclimate (with dry air), it is useful to use humidifiers, pallets with water.

Fertilizers and feeding

It is important correctly and on time to add nutrients into the ground. For this use special mineral fertilizers.

Important:

lychee fruit how to grow from bone

  • The first phosphorus-containing mixture is made by three monthly seedling, which improves the development of the root system.
  • The next feeding must be made once, after 10 months with nitrogen mixtures for good growth in green mass.
  • After the lychee turns 2-3 years, potash-phosphate fertilizers add: once a month in the summer, which contributes to abundant flowering.
  • In winter, feeding do not spend.

You can fertilize the organic substances (solutions based on warm water and natural components): a korologist in proportion (1 part of the natural substance and 10 parts of the liquid). Also in moderate quantity add peat.

After the transplant is allowed to feed only after 3 weeks. Violation of the rule can lead to roots burns.

The main thing is to adhere to the rules when using fertilizers:

  • make feeding into wet soil;
  • observe the proportions during breeding;
  • Know which period of time, and in what quantity you need to use certain substances.

Crown Pruning and Forming

Is it possible to grow lidchi bone

Chinese plums useful to give the shape of the green mass from the third year of life. Previously, it is not recommended to conduct a procedure: An exotic plant is gradually gaining a green mass. Beautiful shape - in the form of a busta or tree with a central trunk.

Pruning is produced in winter. Be sure to remove weak branches growing inside and very long stems.

Transfer

When the plant reached 30 cm, it has 6-8 sheets, move to a new vase:

  • Take a pot of a certain volume: 30-50 mm wider than the old one;
  • Drainage layer 2-4 cm is added;
  • Fill on 1/3 substrate for exotic plants;
  • Carefully remove the sprout from the old capacity;
  • inspect the root system;
  • produce landing in a prepared vase;
  • Add fresh soil to the top;
  • are abundantly watered with warm, estimated water;
  • placed on a bright place;
  • The temperature in the room should be + 25 ... + 28 ° C, and air humidity is 75-80%.

Later spray 2-3 times a day, the soil moisturizes as the upper earthen ball drying. Subsequent transplants are made as roots grow.

Is it possible to get the fruits at home and how to do it

Lico refers to slowly growing exotic species. To get fruit, you need to create such climatic conditions in which a tropical tree is growing in nature.

Optimal indicators and procedures:

  • Temperature - about + 28-30 ° C and humidity 80%;
  • Light day 15-18 hours;
  • water and spray with warm filtered water;
  • make fertilizers as needed during a certain period of the year;
  • make prevention against pest attack;
  • For diseases, on time to begin treatment.

The first fruits with a 10-20% probability may be in 8-10 years. 80-90% increases the possibility of the appearance of fruiting and obtaining a crop, if you make a piece or eyepiece. Take a stalk, a lively kidney in a fruitful tree lychee and adapt to his tree.

Licacy tree at home how to grow

Diseases and pests

Often the plant "Dragon's eye" faces the development of fungal infections:

  • Anthracnose. On the leaves, greenish-gray, red-brown spots or bulges appear. The problem arises due to abundant irrigation. What to do? Reduce soil moisturizing, use effective fungicides, such as Fundazole.
  • Puffy dew. The barrel bark is painted in white or pink color, causing damage to the vascular system of the tree. Feed the leaves, and the tree can die. Immediately remove damaged places, use antifungal agents.
  • Stem cancer. The ends of the branches are cracking due to abundant moisture and low temperature indoors. To combat a dangerous disease, the infected stems are removed with a sterile secateur, additional antimicotic appliques are additionally carried out.
  • Mushroom root rot. There is a complete wilment and death of a tree. How to act? Replant the plant into a new soil mixture, the root system to handle special means from fungus.

Chinese plum is attacked by pests: a red cobweb tick, aphid, torment cherry. On the leaves there are holes and stains, the thin cobweb will deteriorate all the plant, insects are found on the reverse side of the green part, the leaf plates are covered with a grayish white chain.

How to deal with pests? Insecticides and acaricides are used: phytodeterm, accomplishing, anti-flask, actara, confident. Pests can be removed from the surface of the plant with a cloth moistened with soap solution, further spray chemicals.

Processing is carried out three times, the interval is observed according to the instructions for a specific drug. It is important to protect the face, hands, respiratory tract from the penetration of particles of chemicals: use gloves, respirator, cap / tire, clothing with long sleeves. After treatment, it is thoroughly washed, wash their hands and head, the mouths of mouth.

Chinese plum or lychee is an interesting version of an exotic plant for growing in an apartment or a private house. The village will be the original view of the green decor for the home. In the graft instance, subject to the rules of care at home, there is a chance to wait for exotic fruits.

Video about the rules for planting lico seeds and further caring for the tree:

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