How to removed "Star Wars" - the greatest cosmoper

How to removed star wars
Yes, the power will be with you, Long-time, in a distant-distant galaxy ..., Luke, I'm your father - quotes familiar with almost everyone. And when the phrases from the film, not only the tick fans know, this is what it says. Indeed, Star Wars in their time became a real bomb, which blown up the world of cinema. And, as always, behind the great masterpiece is tremendous work and an extraordinary creator. In the article we will talk about who invented Star Wars, as the cult film was created and what the secret of success was created.

How to removed the first "Star Wars"

"Yes, the power will be with you", "Long-time, in a distant-distant galaxy ...", "Luke, I'm your father" - quotes familiar with almost everyone. And when the phrases from the film, not only the tick fans know, this is what it says. Indeed, "Star Wars" in their time became a real bomb, which blown up the world of cinema. And, as always, behind the great masterpiece is tremendous work and an extraordinary creator. In the article we will talk about who invented "Star Wars", as the cult film was created and what the secret of success was created.

How to removed star wars

Cosmopes could not be

Now it seems that Saga about Knights-Jedii and Darth Vader is an integral part of the culture, a unconditional product of cinema. But fifty years ago, in the idea of ​​the young and not too famous director of George Lucas, no one saw special potential.

The history of the creation of "Star Wars" began not too rosy. Just as many publishers at first "wrapped up" the books of Stephen King and Joan Rowling, several film studios refused Lucas. They had their own truth - nothing foreshadowed the participation of the public to a fantastic fairy tale, and the budget for the embodiment of an ambitious idea was consumed consumed. He played the role and identity of the director himself: at that time Lucas was only 32 years old, and only two serious projects behind the shoulders. It was not even saved by the fact that his second film, "American graffiti", had a commercial success.

Who invented "Star Wars"

Creator of Saga "Star Wars" George Lucas

We must pay tribute to George Lucas, he did not lower his arms and continued to offer his project. Still, after all, he had a huge script for 200 pages and iron confidence that he had to create something unique and decent attention.

Ultimately, the film company XX Century Fox agreed to start shooting the film, but for this, Lucas had to go for a mass of concessions. The director refused to pay the fee forward, and was also forced to preliminarily release the novel through the Universe of Star Wars.

By the way, with the book George Lucas only won! She diverged the big circulation and even brought the author of the prestigious literary award "Hugo".

When all the peripetias remained behind, George Lucas was finally able to fully start working on the film, which was destined to become a legend of the movie.

Why the first part is actually not at all the first

Another phenomenon of "Star Wars" - the first released part is suddenly called "Episode 4". It can confuse those who are familiar with the franchise, and make it look for information about what is the same way to watch movies. But there are no errors, the correct sequence is this: 4, 5, 6 and only then - 1, 2, 3.

Order of films

The order of viewing of films: 4, 5, 6 and only then 1, 2, 3

Each of the trile tells his story. 1, 2 and 3 parts - prequel, which tells about the formation of the Darth Vader and the creation of the Empire. 4, 5, 6 - about the struggle of resistance and last Jedi Luke Skywalker. Start a movie-efficiency "From the end" accounted for several reasons.

First, the idea of ​​the director "Star Wars" turned out to be global, and Lucas was not sure that he could remove more than one film. Welcome a huge Saga into a timing of a single picture was unrealistic, so he resorted to a popular writing trick: "Starting from the middle." It is there that the most interesting thing is usually unfolded that the reader or the viewer is cling. No wonder, many films begin with some bright, exciting event, and then we return to the day, a week or even a year ago.

The original picture was even called simply "star wars" without subsidence and episode number. Only after the success and appearance of the next part, the first was renamed.

Not the last role in the decision was played by the "Star of Death", which blinked the imagination of Lucas. He just could not lose the only chance to show her world!

And only when the first film "shot", the director received the opportunity not only to finish the trilogy about the hatch and rebels, but also to remove the trilogy-prequel. Moreover, 1, 2, 3 episodes came out greatly later, and this leads us to another reason why star wars removed from 4 parts - technical capabilities.

Even the first parts of the cosmocker, despite the fact that the robots played people in the costumes, were in their time a breakthrough on special effects. However, Lucas could not help but understand that the period of prosperity and technical progress in the film-fostered of the Universe simply not to show the means at that time. Only with the advent of computer graphics, all his ambitious plans were finally able to incarnate.

Graphics covered

Only many years later the level of computer graphics reached the desired level

There is a third reason that you should not read if you have not looked at movies. The violation of direct chronology made it possible to maintain one of the main intrigues of the trilogy of 4, 5 and 6 episodes. If we first saw the films about Enachen Skywalker, it would be difficult for not guessing that Luke and Leia were his children. At the same time, watch 1, 2, 3 parts, even knowing future events, it was still interesting. Darth Vader is one of the most complex and ambiguous characters who will not want to know his story?

Tatooin on Earth or where they filmed the first part

Since at the time of shooting the film about computer graphics and programs for installation of video, there is still no speech, creating an entourage of fictional planets was accounted for by decorations and the right choice of shooting.

A significant part of the actions of the fourth episode of cosmic saga took place on the planet Tathuene. This is a non-smart and non-profit homeland Luke Skywalker is a huge desert, the most lively place of which is the cosmoport of Mos-Aisli.

Suitable for shooting locations were found in Tunisia. Interestingly, the city where the "Star Wars" was filmed, called Tatawin, and it was in honor of him that the planet received the name Tathuene. The locality was redoned for fantastic Moshysley for more than two months. Due to restrictions in the budget, the entire shooting group was fed very modestly, and the flights even the director himself were performed only by the economy class. After completion of the decoration, left on the spot, and many years they attracted crowds of tourists.

Tatooin in Tunisia

Tatawin's city in Tunisia became a prototype of Tatina

Work on a film in the desert itself was of great difficulty. The sand fell into the mechanisms of robots, because of which they were constantly out of order. And this is not to mention the temperature conditions in which the actors had to work for many hours. But ultimately it turned out to create a stunning atmosphere of the harsh edge, where the crime and wild peoples rule.

Miracles without computer graphics

It's amazing how the "Star Wars" was filmed without modern technical features and video processing programs. Indeed, the authors had to be much more ingenious to create certain special effects. And Lucas managed to make a real breakthrough. For cosmic saga, many revolutionary ideas were invented and embodied, which allowed to achieve incredible entertainment time. More than 365 special effects were used in the film, including religious entry captions.

Laser swords

Jedi's weapon is the Victital Card "Star Wars". If now is plausible glowing and characterized by a buzzing sword can be easily bought even in a children's store, then Lucasa had to go for a trick.

The actors were writing with wooden sticks to which a special reflective composition was applied. After shooting on the entry, the hand-drawn glow and flash were put down, the sound effects were added and quite realistic light swords turned out.

Laser swords

Laser swords - the business card "Star Wars"

Live robots

In the film "Star Wars" robots are not just a lot, two of them are even the main characters: R2D2 and C3PO. A couple of friends actively participated in the plot and made too many complex actions so that they could "play" real robots of that time. As a result, the role of the C3PO protocol droid and even the baby R2D2 performed the actors in the appropriate suits.

Live robots

R2D2 and C3PO

With C3PO there have been sufficient difficulties. This manoid robot was very much premented in the frame, while the actor did not see anything in the helmet. Of course, this was the reasons for the set of "accidents" when C3PO crashed into the scenery, and had to make new and new duplications.

In total, the film features 33 moving robots. Models have a unique design and their practical purpose, forming a multifaceted realistic world of distant cosmic civilization.

Starship

For shooting in space, reduced model of starships were used. The most ambitious work was done with "millennial idol", Khan Khan Solo. For him, a layout was made about fifty meters long and forty-ton weight. It turned out so huge that the ship was placed in the hangar outside the city. Cabin from the inside was made separately on another studio.

"Milestone Falcon"

Mock "Millennial Falcon"

One of the know-how Lucas is an original technology for shooting ships in space. If earlier something like that on the screen was created by moving objects relative to the static chamber, then in the "Star Wars" did the opposite. Ships were fixed, and the camera moved relative to them. This decision made it possible to get a much more realistic picture without computer graphics.

Battle of death

A huge ship-planet created by Darth Vader is the main "chip" of the film. It was his Lucas who dreamed most of all to show the viewer, and the shooting of the final battle became the most expensive and difficult part.

Fragment of video with the attack of the star of death

Mannerers of ships in the "Star Wars" were taken from the real combat manewes of fighters of the Second World War. Part of the shooting took place against the background of huge, manually drawn fragments of the star of death. However, when showing the near attacks, the figures were not enough. For truth, several miniatures were prepared with sections of the enemy ship surface. The word "miniature" is true, weakly suitable in this case - in fact, the decorations were a few meters long.

The Death Star

Work on the death star

The work was required complex and painstaking - the models had high detail, plus they were damaged when shooting attacks. This was done in the history of the movie for the first time, so I had to make a lot of mistakes before the desired result was achieved. But he cost him! The culminating scene of the battle of the ships of the rebels with a star of death has become the most spectacular in cinema of that time.

In modern cinema, such complexities such as handling the back plan manually on huge canvases are no longer required. Objects are simply removed on a green background, and then using the chromaque option in the video editor to transfer to the desired backdrop.

Bright characters

Another term of success is, of course, the heroes from the Star Wars. Sincere and pure heart Skywalker, princess with character - leu, funny pair of droids, charming and cheeky smuggler Khan Solo, Mysterious master of iodine and frightening Antagonist Darth Vader. All images turned out to truly interesting bright and, of course, memorable.

A two-meter friend of Khan Solo Chubakka, similar to a large human-like monkey, was partially drawn with the dog of Lucas himself. And the face of Albert Einstein's face was based on the image of the iodine Master.

Gloomy and frightening Darth Vader is another successful find. His fans can even find out without looking! His appearance is hardly known - characteristic asthmatic breathing. This unusual sound was obtained through the breathing apparatus of scuba divers. In the first film, we see the villain only in the helmet, which gives mysteriousness, and only at the end, Darth Vader without a mask appears. Scary and causing questions, the answers to which the viewer will receive only many years in the trilogy-bed.

Darth Vader.

Darth Vader - one of the brightest characters

The secret of success

It remains to remember that no one believed in the success of the film itself. But it turned out that a potentially failing project became cult and brought to the author and film studio millions. Moreover, in addition to huge profits, "Star Wars" earned as much as 7 Oscars for costumes, scenery, special effects, sound, installation, etc.

How did it happen that marketers of leading film studios were mistaken, pre-cheerful failure? Most likely, the idea was too innovative, and investments were required overly large-scale to risk.

But in the end, largely due to the enthusiasm and confidence of George Lucas, Sagu was awaited. The film struck incredible on that period of entertainment. Before the "Star Wars", fiction genre was mainly associated with horror meters, and Lucas showed a movie in the best traditions of adventure films and Westerns. It was kind and light as a good fairy tale, but at the same time exciting and truly interesting. So much that the best places in the cinema people occupied from the night.

Queue at the cashier at the premiere

From the first days of showing at the box office lined up

It remains only to rejoice in the factories of George Lucas, because only thanks to his faith in his work, we saw the world of star wars. New episodes continue to be removed, the attitude towards them can be different, but the main thing is the saga alive and still loved by fans.

"Star Wars" - one of the most popular films of all time, which in forty years has become a real empire and has become one of the largest franchises in the world. The history of the distant-distant galaxy firmly entered our pop culture. Even if you have never seen these films, you know the actors and characters they play. But in the final version of the film series turned out to be not exactly as they thought. Behind the scenes films looked differently. The actors had to face closer attention and unexpected problems associated with their roles in the film.

The villains and heroes changed as the changes occurring in the scenario, in the process of which some large characters were cut out, and less significant became key. Work in such a big TV series has become for the actors and producers difficult and joyful at the same time. Here are 26 amazing and shocking things about the stoken of films of the Star Wars series, which we did not even know.

26. Jake Lloyd is not a big fan of the series

On paper the opportunity to play the role of a young Darth Vader, it must seemed to seemed the perfect applause app for a child-actor. But for Jake Lloyd (Jake Lloyd), who played Anakina Skywalker in the episode "Hidden threat", this role became what he regretted. After the film was poorly accepted, Lloyd faced the fact that many began to tease him for a played role. Lloyd, who had many other films by this moment, even refused further filming because of this.

25. Ahmed Best was upset by the reaction to Ja-Ja-John Binx

The situation was bad for Lloyd, however, but compared to what Ahmed Best experienced (Ahmed Best), it was nothing. Best played Ja-Ja-John Binx, who became one of the most unloved characters of the film of all time. This response to the character led to the fact that the time of his stay on the screen was reduced during the rest of the film. Insults and pressure in the end drove to depression. Fortunately, he managed to get out of her and today is a happy father.

24. Participation in the "Star Wars" almost led to the end of the career Natalie Portman

Natalie Portman is one of the most popular actresses of his generation. Over the past 20 years, she starred in some of the best films and received Oscar for his work. But work in the bed to the "Star Wars" almost became the end of her

Careers

. After she starred in the film, and many found her "wooden" game, Portman was difficult to get a role in any other films. She saved auxiliary role in the "Seagull", according to which the audience was remembered, which eventually made it possible to reach Vachovsky (Wachowskis) directors and get a role in the film "V-means Vendetta."

23. From the "Attack of Clone" series, a woman was cut off

During the development of the series "Attack of clones", several villains were considered. Before the producers stopped on the column of the Duku, the one more villain was meant. A terrible and incredibly powerful female villager from Sitchov was invented. She would be the first female villain in a series of films, but in the end they decided to refuse. However, such a character-warrior is in the multiplication version of "Star Wars", this is an ascent of Vents.

22. Samuel L. Jackson specially demanded a unique light sword

Light swords, as a rule, appear only in several colors. Blue, green and red - the most common color for light swords. But when Samuel L. Jackson (Samuel L. Jackson) gathered to play Mace Windu, he wanted to stand out during the mass scene of the Battle of the Jedi. He had a conversation with George Lucas on this topic (George Lucas), the content of which he was then shared with fans. He said: "We had this big Arena, this scene, where the battle was going with the participation of all the Jedi, and they had to fight. And I would like to find myself in this huge crowd. And I told George: "What do you think, can I get a purple light sword? And he did it, and we were all happy. "

21. Khan Solo almost appeared in "Revenge Sith"

In most of the first films, George Lucas tried to sow the plots of what we will see in future films. Many of them were unnecessary, but at least the worst of them cut out. In one of the proposed scenes, which was intended for the "Revenge of Sitchov" series, for some reason the young Khan Solo was shown at the homeland of Vuki. Lucas eventually decided not to include the scene into a series, leaving it available for later series and include in the film "Solo. Star Wars: Stories. "

20. Alec Guinness regretted that Obi-Wang Kenobi became

By the time of his appearance in the first "Star Wars", Alec Guinness (Alec Guinness) was already a fairly successful actor. The famous actor who played in the film "Bridge over the Kwai River", Guinness actually did not like the story of the Star Wars, but he believed in the potential success of the film. He was not strongly worried about the film, and he was disappointed, seeing that his character again appears in the "Empire puts out a response" and "Jedi's Return". Ironically, Peter Cushing (Peter Cushing) was the opposite reaction. Kushing, an actor who played Grand Moff Tarkina and had a relatively successful dramatic acting career, loved his work in "Star Wars" and wanted to appear in the film as much as possible.

19. The role of Obi-Vana was written for the Japanese star

Toshiro Mifune (Toshiro MiFune) is one of the most legendary actors of the Japanese cinema, which was shot in many films of Akira Kurosawa. Kurasava had a huge influence on the young George Lucas, and the Creator of Star Wars said that Kurosava films were one of the biggest inspirations for his films. Therefore, it is clear that he tried to write something similar to these films. Lucas tried to get mythun on the role of Obi-Van. But he feared that the film would be unsuccessful and cheered over samurai images, which were borrowed to battles on samurai swords in "Star Wars".

18. Carrie Fisher did not like to be a subtrack in relation to Peter Cushing

According to the general opinion, Carrie Fisher (Carrie Fisher) was one of the most friendly women in Hollywood. But one of those who she liked was Peter Cushing. The actor who played Grand Moff Tarkina was with her in her very first scene of the film and was very loyal to a beginner actress. He was such a pleasant person that Fisher repeatedly said that it was difficult for her to behave as if she didn't like it. Mark Hamilla (Mark Hamill) had no scenes with church, but he still always hurried to say hello to him.

17. Harrison Ford did not like the script

Harrison Ford (Harrison Ford) first achieved the present success in the cinema, playing the role of Khan Solo. But even if he is owned by his success, he still is not his big fan. They say, from the first day he had problems with a scenario, and he even argued with George Lucas about dialogues in the film. Although at first he really enjoyed

film

By the end of the first contract, he was more than ready to follow the next part and leave the galaxy.

16. Orson Wells almost became Darth Vader

The role of James Earl Jones, who voiced Darth Vader, is undoubtedly one of the iconic roles of the film of all time. With the help of David Prose (David Prowse), which ensured his physical presence on the screen and Jones, utter words, Vader may have become the best villain in cinematic history. But Johnson was not the first to be offered to become a voice of the character. Lucas had been also Orson Wells, who played in Cayne's citizen, who could also voice Vader. But Lucas decided that the voice of Wells would be too recognizable, and instead began to work with an unknown then Jones.

15. Billy Di Williams was supposed to explain the actions of Lando to children

Billy Dee Williams (Billy Dee Williams) brought a lot of charm and charm into the image of Lando Calrissan, forcing us to worry about the villain, who betrays our heroes, but then changes its attitude. But many people, especially children, did not believed that he sufficiently redeemed his guilt. It is said that the daughter of Williams heard many accusations from her classmates in the fact that her father-traitor. Williams ultimately had to go to school to try to explain the children actions of Lando.

14. Nobody knew that Darth Vader - Father Luke

Turning the plot when it turns out that Darth Vader is the father of Skywalker's father, is one of the coolest plot turns in the history of the film. To save it in the Secret, Lucas tried with all his might so that no one would know about it in advance. They removed the scene with different dialogues, allowing James Earl Jones to change his dialogue after he was told this fact. Director Irwin Kershner (Irvin Kershner) was one of the few who knew about it, and told Mark Hamill (Mark Hamill) directly before they began to shoot the scene with the skeleton team. This guaranteed a huge shock for the audience, and Harrison Ford, apparently, was surprised at the premiere of most.

13. Khan frozen in carbonate, because Harrison Ford could not return

From the first stars, starred in "Star Wars", only Mark Hamill (Mark Hamill) and Carrie Fisher (Carrie Fisher) signed contracts that ensured their participation in three films. Harrison Ford (Harrison Ford) signed a contract for participation only in two, so that it was possible to go if he does not want to be filmed in the "return Jedi". That is why the film ends when Han is trapped carbonite. If Ford had not returned, it would be an easy way to remove the Hana solo. If he had returned, the creators could start a film from his salvation, what they did when he agreed to appear in the "Return of Jedi".

12. Some of the most memorable moments have become the improvisation of Harrison Ford

Seriously, it's hard for us to not say how much Harrison Ford did not like the Scenario of Star Wars. Although he really treated the role, he changed many dialogues and execution, trying to make his hero more real. The most famous improvisation was the one that appeared in the film "The Empire causes a retaliatory blow," when Khan Solo turns out to be frozen in carbonise. Initially, Khan Solo was supposed to say Lee: "I love you too." But Ford changed this phrase to "I know." This is a simple change, but impressive. As a result, the scene has become one of the best in the film.

11. Shooting for the film "The Empire inflicts a response" was very complex

To some extent it was difficult to remove each series of "Star Wars". But the shooting "Empire shall cause a retaliatory strike" turned out to be more complicated than it could be expected. Shots for scenes in Wowa took place in Norway, but due to the fact that winter has become the coldest in recent years, only half of the planned scenes have been removed. During the filming of Carrie Fisher and George Lucas swore, information leakage threatened to destroy some of the largest plot turns in the series, and the actors felt in isolation and were angry. As a result, the film became one of the best in the series, but he demanded the most effort.

10. Evoki had to play the role of Vukov

Evoka is one of the most controversial parts of the original trilogy. Cute little plush cubs accepted some fans, but others considered as an annoying addition. However, initially their role was much more interesting. With primary planning of the film, George Lucas wanted this heroes to go to the native world of Vukov to destroy the shield generator, protecting the second star of death. But after the cost of this scene (as well as how many toys could be made instead of pretty aliens), Lucas revised the role of Evok.

9. Harrison Ford and Carrie Fisher hanging out with the group The Rolling Stones

Sometimes the world is so great as you want. Carrie Fisher told about his life, including this crazy history, when she rented the house with Eric Idle. Idl returned and told her that the group Rolling Stones arrived at the party. Therefore, despite the fact that the next day they had early shooting, Fisher called Harrison Ford, and they spent the night with one of the most popular groups of the 1970s. This couple of actors from "Star Wars" had a fleeting connection during the filming of the first film, but at least in the future they retained friendly relations, remaining buddies.

8. Stephen Spielberg almost became director "Jedi's Return"

Stephen Spielberg and George Lucas were friends for many years, and as a result, Spielberg was always associated with "star wars". Betting about the success of the film, concluded between two buddies in the 1970s, ultimately brought Spelleberg millions over the years. He was also incredibly close to becoming a director of one of the three original films. Lucas asked Spielberg to take the brazers of the board in the "return Jedi". But this was prevented by the internal policy of Hollywood. George Lucas strongly quarreled with the guild of America's director (Director's Guild of America) and left the trade union. Spielberg, who was a very distinguished member of the group, eventually joined the Union and refused Lucas. Soon, they began to work together on the films about Indiana Jones.

7. The end of the "return Jedi" could be much more sad

The initial version of the end of the "Jedi's Return" was much more sad, and not a happy end, which we ended up received. Instead of the heroes peacefully completed the series, most of those participating in the uprising had to fall in battle, including Khan Solo. Leia had to worry about her upcoming responsibility as a new Queen of the Universe. And Luke Skywalker had to leave independently, repeating the climax of Western, where the hero ultimately goes to an indefinite future. Lucas stubbornly fought against such an end, feeling that it will become a stumbling block for any future moving film.

6. Several Women's Women X-Wing first cut out (and then turned on in the film)

During the filming of the movie "Jedi's Return", several fighter pilots were removed for the battle scene for the second star of death. Among them were three female pilots. However, in the final version of the film, two of them were cut out, and the remaining woman dubbed the actor's actor. Frames were lying in the mounting room to the filming of the movie "Some: Star Wars. Stories". Pilots included in the film along with other filmed X-Wing and A-Wing pilots, providing them with a role in the film.

5. In the "awakening force" used a lot from what was rejected before

Part "Awakening of Power" had a huge success, leaning on the heritage of the first films. Although from time to time there was a feeling that this series is derived from the first, it ensured the excitement and pleasure that was not enough in the first parts. To guarantee the safety of communication with the first movies, director J.J. Abrams (J.j. Abrams) did not simply imitated parts of history, but mined rejected projects from original films. First of all, he used a pre-designed design for the castle of Darth Vader (yes, Darth Vader almost became the owner of the castle in the first films), which ultimately was converted into the house Maza rope.

4. Carrie Fisher returned, just because her daughter received a role

Carrie Fisher with pleasure returned to the universe of "Star Wars", but with a very specific condition, namely, that her daughter Billy Lourd (Billie Lourd) will be provided with a role in the film. Although the announcement of the casting first led to the emergence of rumors that she would play a young leu in a series of memories, instead it turned out that Lourdes played a small role of the lieutenant resistance. And to close her mouth, the creators built on her head the hairstyle of the princess lei.

3. Initially, it was not a matter important

According to Dameron, he became one of the most interesting additions to the "Star Wars" universe, breaking the typical pilot pattern, whose cool tricks do not always work. However, initially did not impose great tasks to him, instead, he was a way to get Finn in Jakk, before sending him to an accident. But the actor who played him, Oscar Isaac (Oscar Isaac), did not want to play someone who wrigs in the first act. He convinced Abrams to give a deferment character, allowing him to survive and become the main character in the new trilogy.

2. Mark Hamilla had mixed feelings for the "Last Jedi"

I called the biggest disagreement, the film of the Star Wars series, the "Last Jedi" was also ambiguously perceived by the actors played in it. Mark Hamill (Mark Hamill), who returned to the role of Luke Skywalker, had mixed feelings towards his character. He clearly gave it to understand before the film was released, stating that there were things he did not expect from Luke. But he also understood what the creators do this, and eventually said that he supported and enjoying the film. However, this did not prevent him from having fun over him.

1. The petrels forced Ryan Johnson to come up with my portigs

Porgi - small fluffy round creations that live on the island, where Skywalker Luke was in voluntary exile. While some fans argued that the birds became the creation of Disney, so that there were more toys, director Rian Johnson confessed that they actually arose more of the need. During filming on the island, the parents lived on the most part of the personnel. The island was a UNESCO heritage facility, and the petrels could not be removed. Therefore, Johnson had to compete with this and come up with "Star Wars" the equivalent of non-flying birds - namely, the portigs.

We all know that one of the most religious and grandiose films is Saga "Star Wars" so that it was so fascinating and interesting? First of all, visual effects and proximity to open space were attracted to the screens. Let us open the secret over the classic trilogy and learn how the legendary trilogy was created from simple cardboard and drawings.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Like any masterpiece, "Star Wars" began with ideas.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

The great storyteller of the new era of cinema George Lucas conceived Epopeus when he was not yet 30 years old. In the mid-1970s, a preliminary scenario was ready, which, however, was almost completely rewritten. How do you, for example, is one of the ideas of Lucas to make Luke Skywalker 60-year-old general, and Khan Solo is an aliens with green scales and gills?

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Written story included the plot of all the six episodes known today. There is a version that George Lucas decided to shoot a series from the middle because on the first three episodes at the time allegedly lacked the skill of specialists in visual effects. This is not the case, the director could well realize his idea since the very first episodes. He initially decided to take on the decreement of the fourth episode. First, it was done in order to intrigue viewers. Secondly, George Lucas did not know at all, whether he would remove more than one series of "Star Wars", so he took up the most "drive" moment of the script.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Then it was only worse. For a long time, no studio wanted to take on the shielding of a fairy tale with, to put it mildly, a strange story. The influence of Hippie's movement was still on the courtyard, the masts were filmed serious films about the War in Vietnam, and the rampant of Trash-crafts about the evil aliens from space. The work of George Lucas immediately ranked last, that's just the budget in this case was required yet - $ 8 million. Before the producer was found, who believed in the genius of a young director and allocated the necessary amount.

And all the same in the success of the "Star Wars" believed only units. Lucas himself and sometimes doubted that something is possible from his venture. Later, the actors remembered shooting as a ridiculous episode in their lives. High guy in a monkey costume, dwarfs, simple pathos dialogs ... The film was perceived as a children's fairy tale or a trash, but not an adventure fiction claiming to cult status.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

"The scene in the bar reminded non-delimited nonsense: some frogs, pigs, cricket - a nightmare!" - The performers of major roles were told with a smile. Apparently, the Hollywood bosses who for some reason were considered one of the main questions of the paintings, should be worn, whether to wear panties. At some point, the "Star Wars" generally wanted to cover up, then they decided to throw all special effects from the film and turn into a television series. Only the perseverance and stubbornness of George Lucas saved the ribbon.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

The lion's share of filming took place in the desert of Tunisia. In the same country, they found a suitable name for the planet on which the actions in the first third of the film are taking place. The name of the city of Tatoween was unnoticed by Tatoin. Here, in North Africa, there were suitable scenery: the guardians of Skywalker's guardians were not built specifically for the film, this is an ordinary hut in one of the villages of Tunisia. The appropriate interiors found in the local hotel.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special EffectsStar Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

But the city of Mos-Eisley, from the cosmoport of which the hatch finally went to the space trip to the "millennial falcon", had to build from scratch. Tons of decorations had to ship from Hollywood on airplanes. For about two months, it went to build a settlement from the received material, ideally inscribed in the desert entourage.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Chana Spaceship Solo was created in a largest value in one of the largest kinopavilions in England. The length of Mahina reached 50 meters, and the weight was several tens of tons. The giant layout of the Millennial Falcon sometimes flashes in the frame, but most of all the film crew was useful for his "insides", because the main characters are spent a lot of time in the ship. True, the cabin still had to do separately.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

George Lucas wanted to literally put the viewer in the place of heroes. "Milestone Falcon" rushes at the speed of light, the ship is shelling, it winds from side to side. All this must be accompanied by shaking inside. A 40-ton layout is difficult to force to vibrate, so it was decided to build a small cabin and put it on the spring platform. In the scenario scenario, it was shaking manually.

Another giant layout had to do to recreate the crawler described in the script, on which Dzhava ran around the tattoo in search of robots. For some episodes, a huge metal "box" with caterpillars from the career excavator was built. To shoot, the general scenes was used the compact model of the crawler.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

As in most of the fantastic tapes of the Dokomputer era, there were many "toys" in the "Star Wars". All space ships that we see in the film (from the "millennial falcon" to fighters) were made in the form of miniature plastic or even cardboard layouts. The "Star of Death" and was drawn at all, and for shooting a final large-scale scene, the attacks of the film crew built a layout of 15 × 15 meters. It was carefully reproduced each of hundreds of turrets and guns, which "Star of Death" was sophisticated. The tunnel for which the toy rebel fighters flew, became the dominant layout.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Who knows, would get "Star Wars" a cult status, be in the film Some space shootouts, without the whole "zoo", which still settled in the picture. Hundreds of dolls and masks, a huge amount of makeup and, of course, a park of dozen robots. All this organically fits into the new universe and even now looks good.

Robots came up with various

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Today it is difficult to imagine "Star Wars" without robots C-3PO and R2-D2. To do real mechanisms was too consistent, so George Lucas agreed that the Astromechanical DROID and the Robot Secretary played the actors. In Plastic "Armor" C-3PO was placed by Anthony Daniels. According to him, the plates were so fragile, which broke on the first day, damaging the actor to the leg.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Anthony Daniels was absolutely blind in his suit

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special EffectsStar Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Inside R2-D2, Kenny Baker was sitting, played by the Jyrian robot on wheels in all six franchise films. The actor remembers that he could not independently get out of the metal subsoil R2-D2 and sometimes he had to be carried out inside for several hours, as they just forgot about him. In total, more than 30 robots are present in a film in one form or another, most of which were remotely managed.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

At the site of Kenny Baker and Anthony Daniels were tense relationships

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Sometimes the assistants had to roll R2-D2

True face of "Chubakki"

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

But the most difficult to do Chubakka, that is, sorry, Peter Maikhu, who played the Vuki. Before joining the cinema, a man worked by Sanitar in the hospital, but thanks to the growth of 221 centimeters made his way to a large screen. Every day, during the filming of the "Star Wars", he had to climb into a wool suit, put on the "head" and shove the "feet" of a native of the cashian. In Tunisia, the actor pursued unbearable heat, and in the pavilions sometimes prevented too low for him.

George Lucas, after the filming, he told that in many ways the image of Chubakki he borrowed Indiana's dog. As for the name, they say that this is derived from the Russian word "dog" - I really liked it to the young director.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

During the filming of the WOO, did not publish a word or a roar, only opened his mouth, as the script required. Later, the sound operators had to experiment with hundreds of various sounds to find suitable for the speech of Chubakki. For example, when you hear an angry and indignant WOOD, it is basically the sounds that the bear publishes, and the Tigrinian "purring" with pleased. The famous Sipll Breath of Darth Vader managed to get due to the mask for scuba divers, R2-D2 "speaks" a mixture of a wide variety of synthesizer bibing and even infant muttering, and the sound of fighters had to combine from the River Elephant and the sound of the car rocked on the wet highway.

Layout of the "Star Stars"

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

The camera sails over the layout, removing the final battle

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Nevertheless, first of all, "Star Wars" were remembered by stunning special effects. When I first saw the fourth episode for the first time and with the chick of surprise, the jaw came out of the cinema, I could not believe that it could take more than ten years ago. According to George Lucas, when he saw the first options for mounting his tape, his hands were sank. The film turned out so weak and wetted that even the director could not believe in the bright future picture. However, the impression was drastically changed when special effects added to the "Star Wars".

And here is the famous tunnel - one of the main "chips" of the film

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

For all the most beautiful things I had to fade in Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) Studios, which Lucas created specifically for his cosmic epic. In total, almost four hundred special effects fell into the film - an incredible indicator for that time. On the creation of flights of ships, shots from blasters, glowing swords left a third of the ribbon budget and most of those spent on the production of a picture of man-hours.

The results exceeded all expectations. The actors waving wooden swords covered with reflective material could not believe that on the screen these constantly breaking sticks turn into laser blades. All flashes and glow The ILM command is manually drawn.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Since the construction of some scenery threatened to pour into a penny, George Lucas decided that they could be replaced with their drawings. In some scenes, the role of scenery in the background is performed by the most as none of high-quality images (drawing of a deep mine, for example).

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

Do you remember the very beginning of "new hope" when the titers change to slow and greatest floating ships across the screen? If you shoot this episode traditional for the 1970s by methods, the ships would have to move before the camera on a blue background, and then apply the required background. At the same time, the picture was slightly "Dergany", the objects were chaotically shifted and "trembled."

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

George Lucas came up with turn everything from his legs on his head and move no layout of space vessels, but a camera that removes them. The installation at the same time moved along the rails and guaranteed the absolute smoothness of the picture. The system remembered each position of the camera, which makes it easy to combine the image with any background without a hint of unreliability.

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special EffectsStar Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

The most advanced episode demonstrating the dignity of the new reception was the final scene of the attack "Stars of Death". To give the accuracy of combat units, the director forced the film crew to see a documentary film film with air battles during World War II. The episode was shot in several pavilions. In one chamber spit around the "toy" ships, in the second the miniature optics flew out the mock of the "Stars of Death", at the same time fixing the explosions of the sickness. Then the frames were combined and one of the signs in the history of cinema scenes turned out.

So filmed the famous scene with titers

Star Wars, Film Shooting, Special Effects

George Lucas controlled the entire process of filming his brainchild, asked money from producers, asked not to close the project and eventually fell into hospital with nervous exhaustion. By the price of titanic efforts in just a couple of months, he laid the beginning of the iconic universe, whose influence still did not decrease.

A source:

tech.onliner.by.

Fantastic Saga George Lucas "Star Wars" on the struggle of light forces with dark no doubt is one of the most significant and epochal in cinema. At the same time, a simple and complex, mysterious and uncomplicated, fascinating story about the Galactic wars has gained millions of fans around the world and still excitement of the mind of the kinomans. The awareness of the heroes of this saga simply rolls up, and after the release of the first film in 1977, all the boys dreamed of becoming a jadyami, and girls princesses.

Today we find out how the saga was created and with what difficulties had to face when shooting.

It is difficult to unambiguously say that so fascinates people in the creation of George Lucas. Not least to the screens attracted visual effects for that time. And there was also a scale and some cosmic romanticism, forced after another film sheer to quit at least a fleeting look at the deep starry sky. Suddenly, really somewhere there, in a distant galaxy, a long time ago, the Jedi-imperial passions were raised, affected by the unthinkable depths of space and thousands of alien races?

Let us open a mystical veil over the classic trilogy of "Star Wars" and see how literally on the knee, step by step, from cardboard and drawings you can create a legendary Saga.

Like any masterpiece, "Star Wars" began with ideas. The great storyteller of the new era of cinema George Lucas conceived Epopeus when he was not yet 30 years old. In the mid-1970s, a preliminary scenario was ready, which, however, was almost completely rewritten. How do you, for example, is one of the ideas of Lucas to make Luke Skywalker 60-year-old general, and Khan Solo is an aliens with green scales and gills?

Written story included the plot of all the six episodes known today. There is a version that George Lucas decided to shoot a series from the middle because on the first three episodes at the time allegedly lacked the skill of specialists in visual effects. This is not the case, the director could well realize his idea since the very first episodes. He initially decided to take on the decreement of the fourth episode. First, it was done in order to intrigue viewers. Secondly, George Lucas did not know at all, whether he would remove more than one series of "Star Wars", so he took up the most "drive" moment of the script, moreover, it was in this part "Star of death" appeared in this part, which influenced the choice Director.

Then it was only worse. For a long time, no studio wanted to take on the shielding of a fairy tale with, to put it mildly, a strange story. The influence of Hippie's movement was still on the courtyard, the masts were filmed serious films about the War in Vietnam, and the rampant of Trash-crafts about the evil aliens from space. The work of George Lucas immediately ranked last, that's just the budget in this case was required yet - $ 8 million. Before the producer was found, who believed in the genius of a young director and allocated the necessary amount.

And all the same in the success of the "Star Wars" believed only units. Lucas himself and sometimes doubted that something is possible from his venture. Later, the actors remembered shooting as a ridiculous episode in their lives. High guy in a monkey costume, dwarfs, simple pathos dialogs ... The film was perceived as a children's fairy tale or a trash, but not an adventure fiction claiming to cult status.

"The scene in the bar reminded non-delimited nonsense: some frogs, pigs, cricket - a nightmare!" - The performers of major roles were told with a smile. Apparently, the Hollywood bosses who for some reason were considered one of the main questions of the paintings, should be worn, whether to wear panties. At some point, the "Star Wars" generally wanted to cover up, then they decided to throw all special effects from the film and turn into a television series. Only the perseverance and stubbornness of George Lucas saved the ribbon.

The lion's share of filming took place in the desert of Tunisia. In the same country, they found a suitable name for the planet on which the actions in the first third of the film are taking place. The name of the city of Tatoween was unnoticed by Tatoin. Here, in North Africa, there were suitable scenery: the guardians of Skywalker's guardians were not built specifically for the film, this is an ordinary hut in one of the villages of Tunisia. The appropriate interiors found in the local hotel.

But the city of Mos-Eisley, from the cosmoport of which the hatch finally went to the space trip to the "millennial falcon", had to build from scratch. Tons of decorations had to ship from Hollywood on airplanes. About two months left the settlement from the received material, ideally inscribed in the deserted entourage. The film crew was sitting on a hungry soldering - even the director himself and the main actors flew only by the economy class and fed in a common dining room. Later, everyone recalled, which enthusiasm infected the team a young director - no one had a doubt about success, so appropriate George went to the cherished goal.

Chana Spaceship Solo was created in a largest value in one of the largest kinopavilions in England. The length of Mahina reached 50 meters, and the weight was several tens of tons. The giant layout of the Millennial Falcon sometimes flashes in the frame, but most of all the film crew was useful for his "insides", because the main characters are spent a lot of time in the ship. True, the cabin still had to do separately.

George Lucas wanted to literally put the viewer in the place of heroes. "Milestone Falcon" rushes at the speed of light, the ship is shelling, it winds from side to side. All this must be accompanied by shaking inside. A 40-ton layout is difficult to force to vibrate, so it was decided to build a small cabin and put it on the spring platform. In the scenario scenario, it was shaking manually.

Another giant layout had to do to recreate the crawler described in the script, on which Dzhava ran around the tattoo in search of robots. For some episodes, a huge metal "box" with caterpillars from the career excavator was built. To shoot, the general scenes was used the compact model of the crawler.

Meether Model Craeler Jav

As in most of the fantastic tapes of the Dokomputer era, there were many "toys" in the "Star Wars". All space ships that we see in the film (from the "millennial falcon" to fighters) were made in the form of miniature plastic or even cardboard layouts.

The "Star of Death" and was drawn at all, and for shooting a final large-scale scene, the attacks of the film crew built a layout of 15 × 15 meters. It was carefully reproduced each of hundreds of turrets and guns, which "Star of Death" was sophisticated. The tunnel for which the toy rebel fighters flew, became the dominant layout.

Who knows, would get "Star Wars" a cult status, be in the film Some space shootouts, without the whole "zoo", which still settled in the picture. Hundreds of dolls and masks, a huge amount of makeup and, of course, a park of dozen robots. All this organically fits into the new universe and even now looks good.

Today it is difficult to imagine "Star Wars" without robots C-3PO and R2-D2. Of the way A2 and C3, but then George Lucas decided to give droids more complete names. According to the director, their names are simply a pleasant recruitment of letters and numbers, which does not indicate anything and is not decrypted. To do real mechanisms was too consistent, so George Lucas agreed that the Astromechanical DROID and the Robot Secretary played the actors. In Plastic "Armor" C-3PO was placed by Anthony Daniels.

According to him, the plates were so fragile, which broke on the first day, damaging the actor to the leg. When creating a C-3PO, the artist was inspired by a robot from the old film-anti-nightopy Fritis Lang Metropolis (1927). A total of half a decrease in design options (even with ears and antennas) was created.

Anthony Daniels was absolutely blind in his suit

Inside R2-D2, Kenny Baker was sitting, played by the Jyrian robot on wheels in all six franchise films. The actor remembers that he could not independently get out of the metal subsoil R2-D2 and sometimes he had to be carried out inside for several hours, as they just forgot about him. In total, more than 30 robots are present in a film in one form or another, most of which were remotely managed.

At the site of Kenny Baker and Anthony Daniels had a tense relationship.

But the heavier did Chusbakka, or rather, Peter Maikhu, who played the Vuki. Before joining the cinema, a man worked by Sanitar in the hospital, but thanks to the growth of 221 centimeters made his way to a large screen. Every day, during the filming of the "Star Wars", he had to climb into a wool suit, put on the "head" and shove the "feet" of a native of the cashian. In Tunisia, the actor pursued unbearable heat, and in the pavilions sometimes prevented too low for him.

George Lucas, after the filming, he told that in many ways the image of Chubakki he borrowed Indiana's dog. As for the name, they say that this is derived from the Russian word "dog" - I really liked it to the young director. And the word "jedi" comes from the Japanese "Jidai Geki", which means "Historical Drama": so in Japan, television series about the times of samurai warriors were called. Lucas somehow mentioned in an interview that he watched Jidai Geki when he was in Japan, and he liked this word.

During the filming of the WOO, did not publish a word or a roar, only opened his mouth, as the script required. Later, the sound operators had to experiment with hundreds of various sounds to find suitable for the speech of Chubakki. For example, when you hear an angry and indignant WOOD, it is basically the sounds that the bear publishes, and the Tigrinian "purring" with pleased. The famous Sipll Breath of Darth Vader managed to get due to the mask for scuba divers, R2-D2 "speaks" a mixture of a wide variety of synthesizer bibing and even infant muttering, and the sound of fighters had to combine from the River Elephant and the sound of the car rocked on the wet highway.

Nevertheless, first of all, "Star Wars" were remembered by stunning special effects. According to George Lucas, when he saw the first options for mounting his tape, his hands were sank. The film turned out so weak and wetted that even the director could not believe in the bright future picture. However, the impression was drastically changed when special effects added to the "Star Wars".

For all the most beautiful things I had to fade in Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) Studios, which Lucas created specifically for his cosmic epic. In total, almost four hundred special effects fell into the film - an incredible indicator for that time. On the creation of flying of ships, shots from blasters, glowing swords left a third of the ribbon budget and most of the paintings spent on the production of man-hours.

If not considered the "Space Odyssey" Stanley Kubrick, in which the effects were only a pale supplement to the artistic intent, "New Hope" became the first film with such a level of entertainment. Comparable with "Star Wars" Spielberg film "Close contacts of the third type" came out with them at the same time, and no longer perceived so revolutionary.

And here is the famous tunnel - one of the main "chips" of the film

The results exceeded all expectations. The actors waving wooden swords covered with reflective material could not believe that on the screen these constantly breaking sticks turn into laser blades. All flashes and glow The ILM command is manually drawn.

Since the construction of some scenery threatened to pour into a penny, George Lucas decided that they could be replaced with their drawings. In some scenes, the role of scenery in the background is performed by the most qualitative images.

At the very beginning of the "new hope" when the titers crawl across the screen, they will be changed slowly and the greatestly floating ships. If you shoot this episode traditional for the 1970s by methods, the ships would have to move before the camera on a blue background, and then apply the required background. At the same time, the picture was slightly "Dergany", the objects were chaotically shifted and "trembled."

George Lucas came up with turn everything from his legs on his head and move no layout of space vessels, but a camera that removes them. The installation at the same time moved along the rails and guaranteed the absolute smoothness of the picture. The system remembered each position of the camera, which makes it easy to combine the image with any background without a hint of unreliability.

The most advanced episode demonstrating the dignity of the new reception was the final scene of the attack "Stars of Death". To give the accuracy of combat units, the director forced the film crew to see a documentary film film with air battles during World War II. The episode was shot in several pavilions. In one chamber spit around the "toy" ships, in the second the miniature optics flew out the mock of the "Stars of Death", at the same time fixing the explosions of the sickness.

Layout of the "Star Stars"

Then the frames were combined and one of the signs in the history of cinema scenes turned out. These were huge layouts (up to ten meters long), containing thousands of small details. It took a lot of work to make them, and later to restore after the moving cameras in the process of filming have repeatedly crashed, hundreds of pyrcolons depicting the explosions were trimmed on their surface.

So filmed the famous scene with titers

George Lucas controlled the entire process of filming his brainchild, asked money from producers, asked not to close the project and eventually fell into hospital with nervous exhaustion. By the price of titanic efforts in just a couple of months, he laid the beginning of the iconic universe, whose influence still did not decrease. At the same time, the author of the "Star Wars" earned funds on the shooting of the continuation of the saga.

As an accountant George Lucas arranged a revolution in the cinema.

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

May 25, 2017 marks 40 years from the date of the release of the first "Star Wars" - one of the most commercially successful films in history and, part-time, a picture that changed the cinema once and for all. Now "Star Wars" is studying in the movie School, millions of people buy "thematic" toys, and the most devoted fans even line up in front of a cinema to kilometer queues in order to first see the premiere of a new part of the saga. However, at one time, the young George Lucas spent a lot of time and strength, in order to, contrary to the resistance of the film industry, surrounding his people and in general, fate to rent a movie of his dreams.

Dream accountant

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

To understand why George Lucas got a nickname accountant, you need to go back to the past - long before he began to shoot his films.

In Film School, Lucas was distinguished from his fellow students - still a teenager, thanks to his love for films and TV, he realized that he would like to become a director. Unlike future colleagues, he spent a lot of time writing scenarios, developing ideas and practically did not participate in youth life, full parties and alcohol. Prisigability and perseverance in work liked teachers. Lucas, one might say, was not only an excellent student, but also "in a good account" from teachers. Together with everyone, he went to practice - to shoot a documentary about the production of Gold McCenna's tape Li Thompson (1969).

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

As in any field, for the most part, everything that is taught in institutions, in practice it will be completely different. So Lucas, hitting the most thick of filmmaking, painted with the illusions, seeing the bloated budget and a terrifying "creaky" shooting process. Starting from Catering on the site and ending with the operator, illuminator and sound engineer - everything annoyed for the first time on the real shooting of young George Lucas. Still, it was old Hollywood.

Mark Hamill, George Lucas and Harrison Ford. Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

The documentary film received from Lucas, if desired, could be thrown into the garbage, and then deduct a negligent student from the Academy - after all, the film was not even about the filming of "Gold McCenna", but about quarries and deserts that were in those places. However, by virtue of his successful study and hopes that teachers have been imposed on him, he still graduated from training. While many graduates of the film schools, Lucas wanted to shoot smart cinema filled with meaning, reflecting life.

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

The 60s of the 20th century were a difficult time for America. US citizens lived in fear, expecting that from day to day the notorious "red button" will be pressed, and the USSR nuclear missiles will destroy their free country. People built bunkers to save themselves and their family. The situation was aggravated by the latter's many lives in Vietnam, which, according to Americans, was not needed by the country. The murder of President John Kennedy in 1963 also reflected on the worldview of an adheated Lucas.

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

The darkness, which enveloped America, and the self-awareness of George Lucas will be poured into the failed debut film "THX-1138". The anger of Lucas in relation to the cinema was then intensified: still, without his knowledge Studio Warner Bros. Together with the producer of Francis Ford Koppol, the director of the cult "godfather", took and showed "THX-1138" to his own way, in which Lucas had invested his own original idea and the pain of that time. Fortunately, it did not affect the friendship of Lucas and Coppola, who was like a father. According to rumors, Coppola has written off everything that the studio solely decided to change the original director, and he was "only to a tool." Although it is difficult to imagine one of the most respected directories of Hollywood on blisters at the studio bosses.

Yet George Lucas, many must Francis Ford Coppol. He believed in his "son" and even allocated a million dollars for filming his next picture - "American graffiti" tapes. The film, going to the rental, became successful: with a million spent, he managed to collect more than $ 50 million. The success with which American Graffiti went in cinemas, opened the formula to the young director, which he subsequently applies to the Star Wars: compliance with the quality balance and arrived.

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

Hollywood was not yet so large-scale, as now - someone from the beginners walked to the larger ways, taking the best of the past and presenting it in a new manner, others experimented, creating something new. The book of Ain Rand "Source" is remembered, in which architects have copied the architects of the past at similar manner, entering their ideas into their monumental buildings, forgetting about new details or at least about rethinking borrowed. The first step towards the new Hollywood cinema was made Stephen Spielberg, when his film about the jaw sharper killer gathered half a billion dollars with a budget of $ 7 million.

Honorable Jedi-Benda from Obcchi

Alec Hinnes and George Lucas. Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How Howard Rork, Hero of the Philosophical Book "Source", George Lucas, either perceived seriously. His wife, Marsha Lucas, generally considered "Bedni" a her husband for a kindergarten and instead of helping him in the last stages of the filming of "Star Wars" gone to mount the film Scorsese "New York, New York", where, in her opinion, and There was a real art of cinema. Lucas Francis Ford Coppola insisted that he further removed the "usual" cinema, and once again he was ready to financially support him in the shooting of the tape "Apocalypse Today". But we will return to her later.

Carrie Fisher and George Lucas. Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

In those days, the so-called "teenager revolution" was only born in the United States, and many looked at it as a penguin attempt to take off. The solvent was considered the audience of the oldest age - adult working people could provide themselves to go to the quiet free evening to go to the movies in order to enjoy another film reflecting reality. Lucas opposed traditions and insisted on a completely different approach: he wanted to make a film for a young audience, which, if desired, it will be possible to watch the whole family. Naturally, he was often overtaking about the thoughts, and whether such a movie is needed at all, taking into account that all attempts to remove something like that did not really fit.

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

George Lucas's dream was to make a film about a space travel. He even wanted to make a remake of Flash Gordon Alex Raymonds, but his idea was rejected. Nevertheless, bumping on obstacles, Lucas was even stronger than her dream, and at the beginning of the 70s he made the first sketches of his future saga. Lucas wrote every day, in the morning, scenario, and in the evening she studied fairy tales, mythology and different books. In particular, he read the "hero with a thousand people" Joseph Campbell and the "Fairy Tale about the power" Carlos Castaneda (yes, it was from there that the very power of which the heroes of "Star Wars" appeared). In addition, Lucas also "absorbed" a lot of science fiction, ranging from Edgar Berrouza and ending with Aizek Azimov. Writing the script went hard. Later, the director admits that he has "problems with the transfer of ideas on paper." By 1973, i.e. Almost for the year of work, he wrote a 13-page document, which reflected his film vision. The text began with the phrase:

"This is the story of Mais Windows, honorable Jedi-bend from Obcchi, associated with Siberian Si Jay Tape, the leader of Padavanov's famous Jedi."

When this was ready Agent Lucas Jeff Berg and his lawyer Tom Pollak, they said they did not understand a single word, but still decided to send it an idea to United Artists. There, in turn, refused to take a project called "Star Warriors", fearing his value. In the studio Universal Pictures, the contract with whom George Lucas signed for the filming of American Graffiti, also responded with refusal, despite the fact that one of the lines of their contract was "shooting the next film director."

In the end, Lucas met with Alan Lade from the Studio 20th Century Fox, and told him about his idea of ​​his "Space Opera". The concept of "Star Wars" LED categorically did not understand, but he knew that in the search for young talents. He agreed to conclude a contract with convincing and persistent George Lucas for which he paid $ 50 thousand for writing a scenario and $ 100 thousand for shooting a film that will be paid at $ 250 million. Later, the contract has completed the new requirements of the director: the painting budget increased to $ 12 Millions, and Lucas asked the rights to spread attributes and "related" goods. Then the industry was not developed at all, so the studio agreed to new conditions without regrets. After years, everyone will understand that it is this enterprising and long-scale move that the young George Lucas made one of the richest directors, forever consolidating the nickname accountant for him.

"I wanted to create a futuristic story, I was struck by the idea of ​​space ships and lasers against those who in our hands only stick," said Lukas.

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

However, the director still had problems with ideas visualization. He inspired by everything that could: the TV series "Flash Gordon", heavenly cities, cosmic swords, blasters, digital screens, medieval costumes and "battles in space" from the 30s. Isaaca Azimov, he borrowed the idea of ​​political intrigue in a galactic scale. The Dunes of Frank Herberta - intergalactic merchants, guilds and deserted planets. His film "THX-1138" is a police robot (attack aircraft in the "Star Wars") and underground residents (Java). "Star Wars" seemed to have been the "Solonna national team" ideas of all great science. And at the same time they were unique.

About two and a half years, George Lucas engaged in the script of the painting, which was given to him with great difficulty. In total, four scenario options were written, each of which he himself criticized, as a result, reworking them again and again. As a result, he came to the final fourth idea, which, however, it seemed too big for one film. He divided it into two parts, and each of the parts is three episodes. The original trilogy of "Star Wars", which we now know, was the very second part of a huge story.

Congratulations to Aleka Guinness happy birthday. Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

One of the reasons, in addition to an incomprehensible plot, in which the studios did not decide to take on the project, was the requirement of director to use young actors, not celebrities. This, according to the "Accountant", greatly reduced the budget, giving more freedom to him as a director. Many actors have tried to key roles. Kurt Russell and Sylvester Stallone, for example, wanted to be Khan Solo, and Jody Foster dreamed of playing the role of Princess Lei. However, the director continued to look for "untold" faces. Few exceptions were, perhaps, Alec Hinnes (Obi-Van Kenobi) and Peter Kushing (Grand Muffa Tarkin).

Brad and Special Effects

Carrie Fisher and Mark Hamill. Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

Employees and actors have been hired to the film crews suspected that it would be not too easy to work with George Lucas, but already on the most shooting platform it became clear that "some kind of kindergarten was going on." Harrison Ford will later say that at all was not afraid to lose his role and even at some point I asked Lucas to kill his character, because "You can print such nonsense, George, but how, b @% £ *, I will pronounce it !?".

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

The indifference of everyone and all on the set grew along with disrespect for Lucas, who was so annoyed everything in the film industry. His stubborn character and sober mind did not allow to go to anyone on concessions. He constantly shouted on the set and at one point even lost contact with everyone he himself hired and approved, including actors and a film crew. George Lucas has suffered fate Stephen Spielberg, who also considered an idiot during the filming of the "jaws" and promised him a grandiose failure with the subsequent exile from the profession and Hollywood. After all, before him, no one managed to remove the high-quality audience blockbuster.

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

Negative actors, by the way, can be seen in the most "new hope". According to critics, the acting game is attracted by the ears, and with the same success can be called for the role of "man from the street". It will still be aware of the actors, who, after the "Haltury", will not be invited to other major projects, indicating that they do not know how to play and "left" only at the expense of the idea of ​​George Lucas. However, if Spielberg on the set of "jaws" was still not so stubborn, then Lucas could not afford "Sysyukanya" with his group. Even Spielberg, seeing, through which circles of hell his friend passes, offered his help, promising to leave all the merits of Lucas, but he was adamant and even argued with him, hinting that his "Star Wars" will overtake in all respects a horrorist about some kind there is a shark killer.

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

The shooting was completed, the time was post-production, but the director's problems continued. The studio of four (Industrial Light & Magic), which was engaged in special effects for the film, did not have the idea how to embody the ideas of the director - no one asked anything like that.

The work was very slow in the garage of Lucas, and the guys almost spent the entire budget allocated to special effects just a few seconds of outbreaks and flights. Lucas's rage now shifted on them. ILM was deprived of all premium and, according to the requirements of the director, her staff should have completed work for the remaining money. Of course, in the future, George Lucas will again call them to make "Star Wars", and then the studio, scientific experience, will do everything as it should (and get huge profits). However, during the creation of a "new hope", their relationship resembled power and people in the cartoon "Chipollino". To achieve his, Lucas with his stubborn character could even enter the air tax in the garage, if only they worked more, without being distracted by breathing.

Frame from the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

As Stephen Spielberg recalls, Lucas have all walked around, and he understood him. Spielberg was almost the only one who believed in the success of the picture. According to rumors, after he watched the early installation of the painting, he said Lukas: "Damn! It will be a bomb! " In his opinion, the "Star Wars" were a film at the junction of "Space Odyssey" Stanley Kubrick, with its magnificent frames, and stories about the Baka Rogers.

"This film will appeal to everyone who is not opposed to a fantastic fairy tale," Spielberg said.

The revolution was accomplished

Installation of the film "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

Fortunately, all the works were completed on time, and the Studio 20th Century Fox announced the date of the release of "Star Wars". And the selected date was the next blow to the nerves of the director. The film went out on a day with the tapes "the abyss" Peter Yets and the "sorcerer" of William Friedkin, and Lucas was afraid that with such competition many spectators decide to go to the "habitual" cinema than on "phantasmagoria".

On May 25, 1977, "Star Wars" went to the rental, and sad George Lucas, together with his wife, had dinner at the Hamlit Hamlit Restaurant, which was located opposite the famous Chinese Theater Greuman's Cinema in Los Angeles. Outside the window they saw the crowd - so what's there, Orava - people crowded in front of the door of the cinema and screaming something incomprehensible. Lucas was already then understood that he had done. However, his success was still waiting.

In the dressing room on the filming of the film "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

After a long work on the exercise of his dream, George Lucas, together with his wife, went to the Honored Vacation. According to one source, it was a two-week vacation, according to another three-week, but we will focus on what, returning home, they found what they did not expect.

Lucas for habit checked a flashing answering machine flashing on the phone and at first could not believe his ears. Dozens of calling and left records on the answering machine sang him diffilams and asked to include the TV for which "crazy news". George Lucas, turning on the TV, fell into a stupor and was in this state all the time until the news went. He was shocked that on all channels spoke about his "Star Wars", they told about people who had watched him many times, and about the newly-born fans. All this, Lucas looked silently and slowly understood that it was about his dream.

Frame from filming "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

All statements of George Lucas that his film will ring the "Jaws" come true. His belief is that you need to shoot a movie for a young audience, which laughed, was justified. People wanted simple and bright cinema, not "continuing gray everyday life." With his film, Lucas put the point in the "smart" movie, and even Martin Scorsese, recalling those times, says that he is far from commerce, unlike George Lucas, who knows how to relieve a financially successful film, providing him with all the necessary scenes.

Subsequently, George Lucas became hostage of his dreams and was forced to engage exclusively by producing films. However, his name has already entered the annals of the history of cinema.

George Lucas on the filming of the film "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

How to filmed the movie "Star Wars. Episode IV: New Hope »

Finally, let's return once again in the past, when Francis Ford Coppola asked his "Son" to George Lucas to remove the Apocalypse today. His true success, as Lucas admitted, he felt when Coppola, who decided to independently put the film after his refusal, sent a telegram from Asia, in which only one phrase was:

"Money came out. Francis."

On May 4, the fans of the whole world celebrate the Day of Star Wars. Etodition was chosen not just like that, from the Bay-junction, but by complex counts and rearrangement of Kalambora: the famous phrase "May The Force Be With You" ("Yes, the power will be with you") converted to "May the 4th be with you" ("May May 4 will be with you"). And ready the holiday.

In honor of this wonderful day, we decided to remember how Kjjord Lucas did the first film about "Starry":

Films. At the ceremony
At the Oscar ceremony frame: Lucasfilm
Hollywood, California. August 1977. Ephellery in the history of cinema. In the world's famous Chinese cinema cathetization - thousands of people seek to break through closer to the entrance, in order to look at the two robots at least one eye on two robots - the barrel-shaped R2D2 and golden C3Pow on the carpet path of their enthusiastic fans. Historical Month: The feet of robots are captured in cement before entering to trace the memory of their appearance here.

All this is similar to some kind of obstruction. The unexpected fantastic film becomes something much greater than the spaciousness is already a real sociological phenomenon. The appearance of the first series of "Star Wars" was similar to the birth of a new religious flow.

"Long ago, in a distant galaxy ..." Romantic and large-scale story about the struggle of good and evil, about love, hatred, betrayal and heroism, captured the minds of millions. It is now difficult to say that it is called such an impressive - because only innovative special effects will not explain in our innovative special effects with all the desire ... It's amazing, but then, at the end of the seventies, when people still did not hear the phenomenon "StarLone", in the success of a young director's picture George Lucas few people believed.

George at the time of filming was only 32 years old. There were already two full-length films in the High-Professional Lagge - "THX-1138 Galaxy (1971) - also fiction, but completely another kind, and "American graffiti" (1973) - youth comedy about adolescents from the California town. The second film was undoubtedly commercially successful, but what happened to the third was a complete surprise for everyone. The effect was similar to a broken bomb. Now, more than thirty years later, it was very difficult to imagine, the kind of briefly rose around the world because of this film - people held a queue in the cinema of the cinema since the evening and sat at the window all night to get to the best Places.

Films. On the set
On the set frame: lucasfilm
"What was the secret of success? I think that it is a bright and kind film, with heroes and villains, and most importantly - he is truly interested, he was able to entertain the viewer better than anything before him. I tried to try one The spirit of adventure romance, which was in the old cinema of the propirates, but I suffered this spirit to the expanses of space, and as a result, there was a faint and adventurous alloy. "

Adventure films in a huge amount went to the tele-ethies in the sixties, and Lucas revised their many. Old Westerns, all entirely serial about Flash Gordon and paintings about the 19th century with fencing - Everything was merged in "Star Wars".

Luke Skywalker, the main hero of "Star Wars" is a direct "descendant" of Flash Gordon, the most popular Hero of comic books, who had seen freshness thank 34th. He was invented by the artist Alex Reimond. Flash was a brave young man, who thanks to an incredible coincidence of circumstances hits other planets and is experiencing amazing adventures, struggling with evil.

He was the personification of the perfect hero of the adventure committee. Luke also became the embodiment of the spirit of adventures for any teenager dreaming of travel. For Lucas, Luke was something like "Alter-Ego", the second "I", the directoritic did its own idea of ​​the ideal hero of a fantastic film on this image.

Films. Luke Skywalker - the embodiment of the adventure spirit
Luke Skywalker - embodiment of the adventure spirit frame: Lucasfilm
Mentor Luke was supposed to be a wise Jedi, the label of the Order, named Obi-Wan Ben Kenobi. Together with Solo's cosmic smuggling and his two-meter friend Chubakka Luke and Obi-Van Savoiteprincessia leu.

And the main villain, on the idea of ​​Lucas, was to protrudarrt Vader, asthmatically breathable through an ominous black mask. The sound of the respiratory was using the breathing apparatus for scablasts - it was the final shop to the portrait, simple, like all ingenious, and it became a kind of "visiting" villain.

Lucas spent more than a month to the casting, in the process, I encountered some of my priorities - so, refused to the Asian image of Lei (As he conceived at the beginning), and made an alien monster not Hana solo himself (The director had an idea for a long time to make him green-skinned giant with gigs), and his friend Chubakka.

As a result, he began to look like a gigantic spinning-examination. By the way, on the scenario he two hundred years!

"Actually, I sketched Chubakka from my dog ​​in Amendian. It looks like the Vuki, just a little smaller. "

The scenario of colossal saga was created by George in the mid -70s, and it was similar to the whole life. The 200-page folio included everything entirely events of the "Star Wars" Universe, including the trilogy of the referee and still a lot of things, hundreds of detailed characters worked out - with names, biographies, carefully registered characters ...

Films. Darth Vader without mask
Darth Vader without mask frame: lucasfilm
Lucas inspired when writing a script for the adventureth of Kurosava called "Three Rounds in the Hidden Fortress" (1958). The famous term "Jedi" came from the Japanese - this is a paraphrazing of Dziday-Gaci - the names of historical stories about Samurai. In the design of the company's company, including the historical events of reality, the owner of Napoleon and the Senate and the transformation of the reformer in Tirana, numerous myths and legends - the design has become so cumbersome that no one, in addition to the author himself, could not figure it out before the adaptation. Lucas with the self-sneeled expecting to create two trilogy, and to set out the events "from the end" to write at once the second half of the script, and the first to leave "for later" for the Intrigus.

Later, Lucas admitted that he himself did not believe that the colossal project could be in life - his creation was so large-scale. So, he was first going to remove only one film, and according to the results, it is worth the second and third. So everything could end on the "fourth episode".

Collecting the preliminary material - the script and sketches with the images of the main characters, Lucas began to promote his project, namely, began negotiations on the launch of production. To do this, it was necessary to conclusively with a film studio and find the necessary financing. Half a year of Lucas Studied the heads of the company, and very long tolerance failed - and "Paramount" and "Warner Brothers", after some of some thought, refused to work with George, referring to the "Nonopularity of the topic". Would you - the magic romantic fairy tale of proximal princesses and mysterious knights to the music of the symphony orchestra- yes, who will be interested in the disco era? In addition, the fantastic entourage will require a bunch of money, and well-known actors in the film are not foreseen ... a typical failure project.

Nothing amazing - in the seventies, fantasy was fought by the horror genre, and in such films was mainly relevant to the Teastoin flare monsters, and not the spirit of adventure. In vain Lucas tried to convict the film studios in the fact that his film was completely original - a few cases called him, and reported that the project would be rejected by the bosses. The Irony of Fate - one of the successful films of all times was considered potentially unprofitable.

Films. Harrison Ford and Kerry Fisher
Harrison Ford and Kerry Fisher Frame: Lucasfilm
But in the end, Lucasy smiled at luck - the film company "XX Century Fox" agreed to give the project the green light - and only after the desperate director signed an agreement with a refusal point for the payment of the fee of the fee. Moreover, the film company put a prerelevant book about the events of the fourth episode. It is possible to "prove the soil," to determine the audience sympathy. By the time George was ready for everyone, unbelieving the intended life. A brilliant writer, he created this novel in co-authorship with Alan Foster, and the book was successful, and such that later Lukasda got a prestigious Hugo Prize for her. And so, knocking out eight millions of financing (In the process of work, even more than five million), in the summer of 1976, Lucas began working on the film.

Tunisia, North Africa. It was here that George Lucas in the Chief Chief of 130 people from England and the United States removed the first frames of his new film, having created the world of the deserted planet Tatinov, where robots, the polls of the empire, were in the plot. The time was in the edge - due to the months lost to the release of books and negotiations with other companies, Lucas had less than six months on the entire process, including installation and voice acting. Several tons of decorations were hastily brought to Africa on airplanes to create an entourage invented by the director.

Decorators worked for 2 months, removing the city of Moosley in the desert, in which Luke and Obi-Wan got acquainted with the Space Smuggling Solo. The entire film crew was sitting on a hungry soldering - even the director himself and the main actors flew only by the economy class and fed in the common dining room. Everyone was remembered, which enthusiasm infected the team a young director - no one had a doubt about success, so appropriate George went to cherished goal.

Robots - 25 different models arrived in Africa (In total, in the picture of them 33), manufactured under the guidance of the masters of Carlo Rambaldi. Radio-controlled, on a wheeled and caterpillar, and even with a dwarf inside, these robots have created the need to be necessary. The shooting in the desert was still a test - the omnipresent sand was constantly closed by the mechanisms, so most of the time robots were repaired.

Films. Anthony Daniels and his costume
Anthony Daniels and his costume frame: Lucasfilm
Perfectly worked vehicles. The sandy brown-up-javars-java, picked up robots in the wilderness, was created in the Vidmalen a meter model, which was used for filming in motion, and in the discharge stage, a robust huge scenery with caterpillars from the career excavator was used.

For one of the scenes (The crawler after the attack of imperial soldiers) the scenery "destroyed", sawing the caterpillars by autogen, adding holes in the trim and smoke from smoke checkers.

The soaring speaker, on which the hatch moved along the surfaceatuin, was moving on the surface of the general plans on the surface of the earth on wheels, which were then cleaned with the help of combined filming.

In several scenes, it was fixed on something like a moisture carousel - at one end I hung a speaker, and on the other - members of the remote group, which led it in motion.

Having spent three months in Tunisia in Tunisia, the pulmonary group filmed all the material almost without incident. But nevertheless did not manage: in the midst of the shooting, a sand storm was played out, which was literally discontinued part of Mos Aisli in the desert, for a week delaying the work process. According to local residents, such storms are not uncommon.

When the film crew returned to England, the studio "Elstree" decorations were already ready for filming the following scenes, and the most impressive was, without a doubt, the ship "Millennary Falcon" Khan Solodlina almost fifty meters. He was so great that it was built and filmed in the largest studio of the company, which was an extensive hangar outside the city. The plant weighed forty tons.

Separately, in a completely different studio, they made the cabin "Falcon" installed on the spring-loaded platform. At certain moments, captivity was shaking with their hands, creating the illusion of vibration.

Films. Layout ship
Layout of the ship "Falcon Millennium" frame: lucasfilm
To save the shooting, we were conducted simultaneously in the three pavilions, the halucas was moved between them by bike. Working at 12 o'clock a day of hopeless, the team managed to complete the work on the filming of the material with actors in the scenery in just eight weeks. The main time was taken by the work asset effects, which in the film was a tremendous amount.

The picture uses a total of 365 special effects -n that time is an absolute record. Space ships, a variety of mechanisms, famous laser swords, even introductory titles - all this was an embodied impressive and innovative way. Until now, the viewer has not yet seen such special effects in films. They were created in California, in the studio founded by Lucas specifically for "star wars", and combined with frames covered in England.

If not considered the "Space Odyssey" stanclicking, in which the effects were only a pale supplement to the artwork, "New Nadezhda" became the first film with such levels. Comparable with "Star Wars" Spielberg film "Close contacts of the third type" came out with them at the same time, and no longer perceived so revolutionary.

For the filming of spacecraft moving in space, Lucas applied revolutionary technology - instead of trying moving around the camera, as it was done so far, he moved the camera relatively stationarycase. The result was impressive: the most natural and smooth movement was the full illusion.

Films. Squadron
SCADR Frame: Lucasfilm
The ship model was photographed using a camera that was reinforced on a special mechanism, managed using a computer. The location of the camera at each frame was maintained in memory, and the creators of the opportunity to add to the installation stage of any background in full compliance with the shooting view. The competent use of lighting and moving shadows will allow simply a striking effect. There was no computer graphics in the seventies and in mesh.

The technological achievement was the creation of thirty-trilted robots. And the main among them, of course, were famous friendsR2D2 and C3PO.

"From the very beginning, I decided to deploy the story of the robots around the robots, make them a kind of rod of the whole story, add-made notch. I fully realized that it would be difficult to do. But I did not suspect that it was so much ... There were many difficulties - they constantly broke, did at once what you need, and generally lost our time. We coped with the colossal number of problems - sometimes it seemed to me that I could not stand it. But still it was damn fun! "

The result cost more effort - a funny couple of robots with a steel-motionable part of the whole story, and the characters played the most important, and sometimes a decisive role in the fate of the main characters.

When creating a C3PO, the artist was inspired by the way of the robot from the old film-anti-nightopy Fritz Lang Metropolis (1927). For this role, the skinny actor Anthony Daniels, whom we had in a golden metallic costume. A total of half a decrease in design options (Even with ears and antennas).

When the C3PO walks, the costumes joint loudly crunched, and by the way, did not see anything in the helmet, moving along the set on the set.

Films. Anthony Daniels and his costume
Anthony Daniels and his costume frame: Lucasfilm
The combined surveys were also revolutionary - so, the authors applied the hind plans, manually drawn on the glass, which were relevant with real shooting, receiving surprisingly realistic illusion spacing.

In the scene, where Obi-Wan turns off the supply of energy to Santity, according to the sketch of Lucas, it was necessary to create a huge depth mine. To build a decoration of tens of meters tens of meters for the sake of a single plan, could not be speech.

Then they made a decoration of the central part, together with the walls, surrounding it, and in thousands of miles from England, in the United States, manually painted the handset on the glass in the form of a deep mine, walking down on the dizzy, and then filmed it to the film.

Combining the real shooting with a drawn backdrop of a critical effect. This technology was successfully used in many other scenes, including in the following series.

Famous laser swords - another perfectly made on the effect. When shooting, wooden sticks were used, covered with reflective suite, the same as on road signs.

Then, the real shots were put in hand-drawn and outbreaks in the collision of the "blades", and the sound effects trial elapsed. The rays of lasers were also drawn manually, according to the ruler.

Films. Stormware
Stormcutters Frame: Lucasfilm
The climax of the film is when the rebels with the help of a fighter the imperial star of death - became the most expensive and technical part of the film. Entertainment and impeccable production made the pool of one of the most impressive scenes of world cinema. But for inspirational krads, months of hard work hid hundred professionals - a non-channel battle was essentially one big special effect.

When setting the battles between Lucas fighters with inspired by the Gollywood films about the second world with air battles between the aircraft, as well as the newsreel of those events - fighter drivers and their maneuvers were represented from real maneuvers of combat aircraft.

The models of spacecraft were shot against the background of a blue screenshot with computer control. Then these frames were combined with a moving posterorant, shot in another studio using miniature cameras, which moved a huge layout of the star's star surface.

All common death star plans in the film are hand-made on huge surfaces. But when shooting attacks of fighters, one drawings to do. Several "miniatures" were built (Multi-meter sizes) depicting the surface of the star of death and the corridor in which marching consumables.

Films. Fight Naugh
Fight over "Star of Death" Frame: Lucasfilm
These were huge layouts. (Up to ten meters long), containing thousands of small details. It took a lot of work to make them, and later to restore after the moving cameras in the process of filming were repeatedly cut, on their surface of triggered sickness, depicting explosions ...

The creators of the paintings recall that this scene is occupied by the amount of time and strength - quite expected, considering that the final Final was especially important, and he did not regret funds in order to be delivered properly. The case was complicated by the fact that many special effects for the first time in the history of the cinema, the creators were forced to act the method and errors, and this led to an impressive expenditure. For special effects, almost four million dollars left for the first "star wars", which is unprecedented by the Markseyseysey.

Yes, "Star Wars" were incredibly an ambitious and innovative project. Especially surprisingly, on the day of the premiere, the picture of Oswsely, in thirty cinemas throughout America - for more producers, there were enough funds, in addition, no one believed in the success of "wars". After the first impressions of the magic spectacle of Glory about the "incredible film" spread with the speed of a forest fire, after which the film studio hurriedly release hundreds of copies sent to all the cinemas of the country. The next month did the "war" legend, Lucas - Multimillionaire, and the whole story - a cult. At the same time saved the studio "XX Century Fox" from bankruptcy.

Since then, this is one of the greatest success of the cinema, and not only cash. Seven Oscars - for scenery, costumes, special effects, installation, sound, voices of characters and a brilliant soundtrack of John Williams - to add a colossal triumph. The fate of Sagi was solved - Lucas got all kinds of incarnate his superssenor to life in full. What he did - to the sincere joy of "Star Wars" fans.

Films. George Lucas and his universe
George Lucas and its Universe Frame: Lucasfilm

A source:

Kino-mira.ru.

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Now it is difficult to believe in it, but the space ships in 4.5.6 episodes of George Lucas Sagi did not "fly" and remained fixed, the cameras were moving. Then it was the starting point for the birth of a new reception in cinema, but now the franchise is not to occupy innovation in the use of visual effects. Let's look at the "kitchen" of the shooting sites of the past and the future, because the magic will not disappear from this, but just becomes clear.

Then: innovators in everything!

Saga on space battles, hyperperics, courage and struggle with evil became so successful that he won the hearts of millions of people on the entire planet. This is evidence of the ton of souvenir products with Starwars symbols and the presence of characters from the world in Lego toys, commercials, series of brand clothing. Not least, this popularity is deserved by the fascinating and dynamic picture on the screen showing the audience a completely fantastic world. George Lucas in the work on the first of three "old" episodes (4,5,6) not only used the most advanced developments in the field of visual effects At the time, but also created a number of their own - the reference to manufacturers of high-quality fantastic tapes of the 80s, 90s.

Secrets of the filming "Star Wars"
Jedi will not help themselves For the Jedi, heavier times came. But one fragile girl will surely fix everything, because with her - power

Many scenes from "New Hope" and still do not cause mistrust. For example, frames where Skywalker's guardians are shown. Initially, the very ordinary hut was used for the scenery in one of the Tunisian villages, but the audience could hardly be determined in those days. And the survey of the interior of the same house took place in the economy rooms of the Tunisian hotel, whose entourage attracted Lucas. That is why the footage is so realistic, and the interiors are deprived of "artificiality".

Art of the rear plans and background

Most of the rear plans of new hopes were removed using the so-called Matte Painting. The essence of this reception is that the actors play their scenes on a monotonous background convenient for installation, and the artist carefully recreates a reduced copy of this background, then the frames are combined. It was a good challenge artist's skill, because the organic of combining the picture of the background and the scene originating in front of it completely depended on it.

Now, on the basis of this technique, the chromakeev method has grown - Background is created in the computer program and can both add the dynamic scene and make it more smooth.

Secrets of the filming "Star Wars"
Where is the new hero of Sagi on Dameron? Of course, to combat the sinister forces of the first order

Adult Mask Show

The scene in the cosmoport bar, similar to the delivered hippie, was filmed with masks and makeup. All these pigs, crickets, frogs - everything was created by the skilled hands of the masters of their business. Organizations All these scenes added installation and skillful operator work.

A separate story with the famous C-3PO and R2-D2, at first they wanted to make full-fledged mechanisms, but it was too expensive and Lucas had to compromise - create plastic armor for C-3PO and contour-bucket for R2-D2, and played them Actors. Anthony Daniels (C-3PO) and Kenny Baker (R2-D2) played a pair (R2-D2), who perfectly copted with the giving robots recognizable and so on.

Tatoin planet's name received its name from the Townysian town of Tatawin, which in one of the transliterations is read as Tatoo.

Kenny Baker remembers that from the "bucket" of the body R2-D2, he could not get out independently and sometimes spent several hours there, since several times the staff of the film crew just forgot about it. He was remembered by his golden costume and Anthony Daniels, who damaged the leg with the plates of his "film crewing golden" on the very first day of shooting, requisition was so fragile. And he could not see anything when he was closed in his costume.

The Chubakki suit was sewed from natural wool, and Pyter Mehyw played him, the growth of which was 221 cm. He had to shoot heavier all - imagine what a woolen costume in the unbearable heat of the desert.

During the filming of "New Hope" used also models from papier-mache and plastic about 30 different robots, most of which had remote control.

Epoch of layouts and reduced copies

All fantastic ribbons of those times were filmed using layout technology. So the city of Mos-Eisley in the desert created from zero. The scenery for him was shipped by their USA on airplanes. On the construction of the city, which organically watched in the desert went over two months. And the famous ship Khan Solo "Millennary Falcon" was created in a natural magnitude and had a length of 50 meters, and weighed more than twenty tons. For him had to use one of the biggest shooting pavilions in England. All scenes on the ship were filmed inside this layout, except for scenes in the management of management.

Secrets of the filming "Star Wars"
Share the hand of Chubakka - truly priceless. Will remember what to remember in old age, after all, it happened to touch the legend

And the scene shaking during the shelling for greater realism was filmed in a separate made layout of control. Lucas himself said: "Imagine, Falcon flies with the speed of light, they shoot it, and you feel it, because you are standing with the heroes on the captain's bridge." The cage in which the layout was placed manually washed.

Krauler, on which Dzhava hunted on robots in the desert, was made on caterpillars and mechanics of an escalator for career works. And for the filming of close-ups, his miniature layout was used.

The star of death was completely drawn according to the technology described above Matte Painting. But to shoot the final scene, her attacks had to be seriously sweat and create a detailed layout of 15 sizes to 15 meters.

Dynamic shots - An innovation of the 70s

Secrets of the filming "Star Wars"
The books have information that is not in films

With the help of thumbnails, in those days created volumetric and impressive large plans, but they all lacked one - dynamics. This problem and decided John Daikstra, the head of the ILM special effects studio working on star wars. They forced the audience to rush between the models of ships and scenery thanks to the special automatic control technology of cameras that moved along the specified trajectories in special mines on rails. Thus, the camera could make the most incredible spans on a given program, which the operator could not make. And the objects they themselves, which she removed, remained stationary.

This invention brought Dykestra Oscar for special effects, and the technology itself became the base for the development of the genre and launched the arms race between studios, removing fantastic blockbusters. In the "Empire, a response hit" and "Jedi's Return" All these ideas have been developed are supplemented, which allowed to raise the bar installed by the first lucas tape.

Now: more. Larger. Deeper. Brighter.

The trilogy of 1, 2 and 3rd parts was introduced into the history of the world, which we already knew from the "old" episodes of Sagi. And to take the audience George Lucas decided precisely the visual component. In many ways, he slightly smoothed the cool reaction of the fans of the fans on this part of interstellar adventures.

The film "Attack of Clones" was removed on the HDW-F900 digital chamber, developed by Sony and Panavision, using a high-quality 24-person digital system. They would remove the "hidden threat" if at that moment Sony managed to release a sufficient number of cameras. However, the "attack of clones" became the second film, completely filmed on the "digit" after the "Vidoka". And another commercial success of the picture finally approved the opinion that it is possible to take large-scale projects on digital cameras.

Space tourists

The world's first Themed Star War Hotel will appear in a large-scale Walt Disney World Entertainment Park in Orlando (Florida, USA) in 2019. Completed in the form of a huge spacecraft, fully interactive hotel will offer each guest to become a "citizen of the Galaxy" by selecting the appropriate costume. Tourists will be able to get acquainted with representatives of various races from cosmic saga, and real droids will serve food and drinks at the hotel restaurant.

See the world as it will be on the screen

This revolutionary technology was used when shooting pictures of the rim-one: Star Wars. The curtain of the mystery over it John Nolle (a very respected personality in the world of developers of visual effects). In short, the director gets the opportunity to see during the shooting frame almost the same as it will be after processing the team responsible for computer graphics.

This effect is achieved using a special program that is capable of processing and impose effects in real time. According to Nollana, all this is called Solidtrak and will allow not only to track the position of the camera and the shooting view in real time, but also to build that part of the graphics, which will then be built in each specific frame. It eliminates the director from the need to constantly use chromium and calculate the picture before mounting, taking certain decisions without feasible that during the information everything will look like not as he expected. All this allows you to estimate the quality of the interaction of characters with the world in which they will be.

Secrets of the filming "Star Wars"
Art - in mass "Star Wars" love everything. And it became, from cinema screenshots, characters come to the streets and become heroes of folk creativity. How, for example, here

Realism does not happen much. Shadow play

For the filming of the same picture, the team of Nollane collected a huge liquid crystal panoramic display with a height of 6 meters and 15 m in diameter. It was another step towards reducing the use of chromaque. After all, earlier it was necessary to fix the overall design of the scenery on the moving platform, and all that was outside it, to paint on the computer.

Now, thanks to the screen, in the picture, before processing, it was possible to see the reflection of the "open space" on the mirror surfaces flying laser rays. All this made an image of an even more believable, and the tightening viewer. Low the budget allocated for a 30-second scene shooting the ship Admiral Radus prompted Nollana to invent another tricky trick - the use of a three-dimensional visual effect of interiors, which is built during the installation itself. There were several key objects on the empty virtual platform, to recreate realistic shadows, and everything else was divided into computer graphics.

LEGO constructor and death star

The George Lucas team in the classic trilogy created its layouts on the principle of the designer, so they saved the budget, but spent a lot of time on accurate calculations and fitting parts. All this nolle and his team tested with spare parts virtually, collecting and disassembled layouts on the computer screen. All these "LEGO miniatures", subsequently acquired relief and character on the screen, looking at an impressive and threatening.

Secrets of the filming "Star Wars"
The gloom shoved the sinister fort. But the valiant Jedies do not frighten nothing! They are ready to fight with those who rose on the dark side of power, both in the afternoon and at night.

Were death. Computer reconstruction of heroes

In Spin-Off Idro-One: Star Wars had a significant character - Governor Wilhaff Tarkin. He was created according to the archival work of the actor Guy Henry, who played in the "New Hope" since the actor himself died in 1994. The character model of the character was created by the archives of the previous works of Guy Henry.

Similarly, Norwegian Ingvilda Dale, who played leu organ, made a similar to the young Kerry Fisher, who played this role in 1977. Computer image attached features of the face of American actress in youth.

A character of Garven Drais from the Red Squadron of the Rebel Alliance was announced by archival records from the frames of the "New Hope" who did not enter the master version, as Dryui Henley, who played him, also died at the beginning of 2016. The image of the Vendar Datchee was restored from the same personnel, But the voice acting was carried out by another 68-year-old Angus Makinnes.

Secrets of the filming "Star Wars"
They are having fun? Galaxy in danger, and they are having fun! And right - because when you still sit in the present star?

Back to the sources. Warm lamp masks and dolls

But not computer graphics. Jay Jay Abrams, who revived the interest in the franchise with a successful screening of "Awakening of the Force" (2015) says: "I always carefully treated the rebupping of computer graphics, because the world that you can love is determined primarily with the characters and study of their characters, and it is easier Make a real layout. " The idea used by Abrax in the filming was that for the actors a doll mockup was much more tangible than work on a control object, subsequently replacing a virtual copy. And although the face of the mannequin can have only 16-24 points of articulation, it is still incommensurable, rather than a tennis ball on the fishing line, with which the actor needs to work.

For casino, Kanto Byte, a huge number of characters dolls were created, and although many of them were only a background, it helped to create the necessary volume, depth and "juicing" of the picture, inaccessible when working only with computer graphics. The idea of ​​the world created by the director was extremely simple - the viewer must feel the feeling that all this can be touched by his hands right now and it was fully fully.

Photo: Manufacturers; Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, Rex / Fotodom.ru, Global Look Press / Russian Look, Eksmo Publishing House, WDSSPR, Henner Damke / Fotolia.com

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